Annona squamosa L.
  • Sp. Pl.
  • Atta


This taxon is accepted by Annonaceae
Notes: More details could be found in The Plant List v.1.1. Originally in The Plant List v.1.0

General Information

Trees, deciduous, to 8 m tall. Bark thin. Branchlets pubescent, glabrescent. Petiole 4-15 mm; leaf blade elliptic-lanceolate, narrowly elliptic, or oblong, 5-17.5 × 2-7.5 cm, thinly papery to membranous, abaxially pale green and puberulent when young but glabrate in age, base obtuse to rounded and slightly decurrent, apex acute to obtuse, lateral veins 8-15 on each side of midvein, adaxially flat. Inflorescences 1-flowered or 2-4-fasciculate. Flowers 2-3 cm, puberulent. Sepals triangular. Outer petals basally green to purple, oblong-lanceolate, 1.5-3 × 0.5-0.8 cm, fleshy, thick, inside concave, keeled on apical half; inner petals absent or reduced to scales, as long as stamens. Stamens oblong, ca. 1 mm; connective broad, apex subtruncate. Carpels oblong, distinct at anthesis; stigmas ovate-lanceolate. Syncarp greenish yellow, slightly pruinose, spherical to ovoid, 5-10 cm in diam., areoles rounded, convex, separated by deep grooves; pulp white. Seeds black-brown, ca. 14 mm. Fl. May-Jul, fr. Jun-Nov.

  • Provided by: [G].Flora Of CHina @ efloras.org
    • Source: [
    • 7
    • ]. 

    Shrubs or trees , to ca. 8 m; trunks short, not buttressed at base. Principal leaves late deciduous; petiole 4-22 mm. Leaf blade narrowly elliptic to oblong or lanceolate, 5-17 × 2-5.5 cm, base broadly cuneate to rounded, apex acute to obtuse; surfaces glaucous, abaxially variably pubescent, adaxially glabrate. Inflorescences solitary flowers or fascicles; peduncle slender, to 2 cm, becoming enlarged in fruit. Flowers: sepals deltate, 1.5-2 mm, apex acute, surfaces abaxially pubescent or glabrous; outer petals pale green above purplish base, oblong or lance-oblong, 1.5-3 cm, base slightly concave, surfaces abaxially furrowed, pubescent, adaxially thickened, keeled; inner petals ovate, keeled, minute, nearly as long as stamens; stamens club-shaped, curved, 1-3 mm; connective dilated, flattened and truncate; pistils conically massed, separable at anthesis, later connate. Syncarp pendulous on thickened peduncle, greenish yellow, glaucous, mostly ±globose, 5-10 cm, muricate. Seed ellipsoid to obovoid, 1-1.4 cm.

  • Provided by: [H].Flora of North America @ efloras.org
    • Source: [
    • 8
    • ]. 

    Annona squamosa L., Sp. Pl. 537. 1753.

    Arbustos a árboles pequeños; ramas jóvenes blanco-tomentosas. Hojas elípticas a lanceolado-elípticas, 3.2–12.4 cm de largo y 1.7–4.8 cm de ancho, ápice obtuso a redondeado en su forma general, en el extremo siempre redondeado, base cuneada a raramente obtusa, membranáceas, escasamente blanco-velutinas y con el nervio principal ligeramente deprimido en la haz, blanco-velutinas en el envés, especialmente a lo largo de los nervios principales prominentemente elevados; pecíolos 0.4–1.2 cm de largo, tomentosos. Inflorescencias axilares, supraaxilares u opuestas a las hojas, de pocas flores o flores solitarias, pedicelos 1–2 cm de largo, tomentosos, con bractéolas en la base; sépalos triangulares, 0.1–0.2 cm de largo y 0.2 cm de ancho, ápice agudo, tomentosos en la parte externa; pétalos exteriores oblongos, 1.5–3 cm de largo y 0.3–0.4 cm de ancho, ápice obtuso, base cóncava en la parte interna, tomentulosos en la superficie externa, pétalos internos ausentes o rudimentarios; estambres 1.3 mm de largo, filamentos 0.3 mm de largo, conectivos prolongados en un apéndice lingüiforme; ovarios 0.8 mm de largo, estilos glabros, estigmas lanceoloides. Fruto ovoide a subgloboso, hasta 8 cm de largo y diámetro, glauco, los carpelos individuales evidentes como aréolas o protuberancias redondeadas y libres en sus ápices, separadas entre sí por surcos profundos.

    Poco común, cultivada en regiones bajas en la zona pacífica; 30–145 m; fr jul; Grijalva 2040, Guzmán 409; cultivada en los trópicos del mundo. "Anona".

  • Provided by: [F].Flora de Nicaragua
    • Source: [
    • 9
    • ]. 

    Morphology

    Much branched shrub or small tree 3–6 m. tall.

  • Provided by: [D].Plants Of the World Online Portal - FTEA
    • Source: [
    • 6
    • ]. 

    Outer petals green, purple at the base, oblong, 1.6–2.5 cm. long, 6–7.5 mm. wide, keeled inside; inner petals reduced to minute scales or absent.

  • Provided by: [D].Plants Of the World Online Portal - FTEA
    • Source: [
    • 6
    • ]. 

    Fruits globose or conical, 5–10 cm. long and wide, formed of loosely cohering or almost free carpels, the rounded ends projecting to render the surface tuberculate; surface greenish-yellow with a powdery bloom; pulp white tinged yellow.

  • Provided by: [D].Plants Of the World Online Portal - FTEA
    • Source: [
    • 6
    • ]. 

    Leaf-blades oblong, elliptic-oblong, oblong-lanceolate or narrowly elliptic, 7–17 cm. long, 3–5.5 cm. wide, obtuse or subacute at the apex, rounded or cuneate at the base, glabrous above, slightly pubescent or glabrescent beneath; petiole 0.4–1 cm. long.

  • Provided by: [D].Plants Of the World Online Portal - FTEA
    • Source: [
    • 6
    • ]. 

    Seeds dark brown.

  • Provided by: [D].Plants Of the World Online Portal - FTEA
    • Source: [
    • 6
    • ]. 

    Distribution Map

     
    • Introduced distribution
    Introduced into
    • Southern America Brazil Amazonas

    Other Local Names

    NameLanguageCountry
    AttaPortuguese
    Sweetsop, sugar-apple
    Fruta do condePortuguese
    PinhaPortuguese

     Information From

    Annonaceae
    World Flora Online Data. 2017.
    • A CC0 1.0 Universal (CC0 1.0).
    MBG Floras Images
    http://www.tropicos.org/ImageSearch.aspx
    Flora images. Missouri Botanical Garden. Accessed on Jun. 2018.
    • B Missouri Botanical Garden
    • C Missouri Botanical Garden
    Plants Of the World Online Portal - FTEA
    https://www.kew.org/science/who-we-are-and-what-we-do/strategic-outputs-2020/plants-of-the-world-online
    http://www.plantsoftheworldonline.org/terms-and-conditions
    • D
    Brazilian Flora 2020 project - Projeto Flora do Brasil 2020
    http://floradobrasil.jbrj.gov.br
    Brazil Flora G (2014): Brazilian Flora 2020 project - Projeto Flora do Brasil 2020. v393.147. Instituto de Pesquisas Jardim Botanico do Rio de Janeiro. Dataset/Checklist. doi:10.15468/1mtkaw
    • E Group Brazil Flora, REFLORA Program
    Flora de Nicaragua
    http://www.tropicos.org/projectwebportal.aspx?projectid=7&pagename=Home&langid=66
    WD Stevens, CU Ulloa, A Pool and OM Montiel. Missouri Botanical Garden Press, 2001
    • F Missouri Botanical Garden
    Flora Of CHina @ efloras.org
    http://www.efloras.org/flora_page.aspx?flora_id=2
    'Flora of China @ eFloras (2008). Published on the Internet http://www.efloras.org/flora_page.aspx?flora_id=2 [accessed August 2016]' Missouri Botanical Garden, St. Louis, MO & Harvard University Herbaria, Cambridge, MA.
    • G Missouri Botanical Garden
    Flora of North America @ efloras.org
    http://www.efloras.org/flora_page.aspx?flora_id=1
    'Flora of North America @ eFloras (2008). Published on the Internet http://www.efloras.org/flora_page.aspx?flora_id=1 [accessed August 2016]' Missouri Botanical Garden, St. Louis, MO & Harvard University Herbaria, Cambridge, MA.
    • H Flora of North America Association
    World Flora Online consortium
    http://www.worldfloraonline.org/organisation/WFO
    World Flora Online Data. 2018.
    • I CC0 1.0 Universal (CC0 1.0).
    Global Tree Assessment
    http://www.bgci.org/
    BGCI. 2018. GlobalTreeSearch online database. Botanic Gardens Conservation International. Richmond, U.K. Available at www.bgci.org. Accessed on 30/11/2018.
    • J Botanic Gardens Conservation International