Annona muricata L.
  • Sp. Pl.
  • Sour Sop


Cite taxon page as 'WFO (2021): Annona muricata L. Published on the Internet;http://www.worldfloraonline.org/taxon/wfo-0000537848. Accessed on: 17 Jun 2021'

General Information

Trees to 10 m tall, evergreen. Bark rugose. Petiole short; leaf blade obovate-oblong to ovate-elliptic, 5-18 × 2-7 cm, papery, abaxially greenish and glabrous, adaxially green and shiny, secondary veins 6-13 on each side of midvein and slightly prominent on both surfaces, base broadly cuneate to rounded, apex acute to obtuse. Inflorescences axillary, 1- or 2-flowered. Flowers ca. 3.8 cm in diam. Pedicel 0.5-2.5 cm, pubescent. Sepals ovate-elliptic to ovate-triangular, 3-5 mm. Petals green, later yellowish, inside basally without a red spot; outer petals thick, broadly triangular, 2.5-5 × 2-4 cm, inside finely pubescent, apex acute to obtuse; inner petals ovate-elliptic, 2-4 × 1.5-3.5 cm, slightly thin, imbricate, pubescent, base clawed, apex obtuse. Stamens 4-5 mm; filaments fleshy; connectives apically dilated. Carpels ca. 5 mm, pubescent. Syncarp green, ovoid and often oblique or curved, 10-35 × 7-15 cm, covered with soft prickles, base impressed, apex rounded; pulp white. Seeds brownish yellow, reniform, ca. 2 × 1 cm. Fl. Apr-Jul, fr. Jul-Dec. 2n = 14, 16.

  • Provided by: [H].Flora Of CHina @ efloras.org
    • Source: [
    • 1
    • ]. 

    Annona muricata L., Sp. Pl. 536. 1753.

    Arboles pequeños, hasta 12 m de alto; ramas jóvenes cortamente ferrugíneo-seríceas, pronto glabrescentes. Hojas oblongas a obovadas, 3.6–15.1 cm de largo y 2–5.2 cm de ancho, ápice obtuso a cortamente agudo, base cuneada a redondeada, cartáceas a subcoriáceas, glabras y lustrosas en la haz, cortamente seríceas hacia la base en el envés, pronto glabrescentes, con domacios en las axilas de los nervios laterales; pecíolos 0.3–0.6 cm de largo, ferrugíneo-seríceos. Flores solitarias, terminales, opuestas a las axilas o caulifloras, pedicelos 1.1–2.1 cm de largo, ferrugíneo-seríceos, con brácteas ovadas; sépalos triangular-ovados, 0.6 cm de largo y de ancho, reflexos, ápice agudo, escasamente puberulentos; pétalos exteriores ampliamente ovados, hasta 3.5 cm de largo y 2.5 cm de ancho, ápice largamente acuminado, reflexos en la antesis, carnosos, amarillos, pétalos internos imbricados, elípticos a redondeados, algo más pequeños que los exteriores, ápice redondeado, en la base adelgazados en forma de uña, amarillos, con cuerpos alimenticios cremas y dispuestos en la parte interna a lo largo de los márgenes hacia la base; estambres 4.5 mm de largo, filamentos 1 mm de largo, conectivos ensanchados, discoides, menudamente papilados, receptáculo setáceo en las bases de los estambres; ovarios 3 mm de largo, furvescentes a ferrugíneo-estrigosos, estigmas capitados. Fruto ovoide a oblongo-ovoide, hasta 30 cm de largo y 15 cm de diámetro, equinado, espinas curvadas.

    Comúnmente cultivada en todas las zonas del país; 0–1000 m; fl jun, fr oct; Miller 1246, Moreno 12491; desconocida como planta silvestre pero ampliamente cultivada. "Guanábana".

  • Provided by: [I].Flora de Nicaragua
    • Source: [
    • 2
    • ]. 

    Small tree upto 4 m high. Young branches hairy. Leaves oblong-obovate, 8-16 x 3.1-6.8 cm, acute to shortly acuminate, glossy dark green and glabrous above, paler and minutely hairy to glabrous below. Petiole 4-13 mm long, glabrous. Peduncle 2-5 mm long, woody, leaf opposed or extra-axillary, 1-2 (-3)-flowered. Pedicel 1.5-2.0 cm, stout and woody, minutely hairy to glabrous. Bracteole nearer to the base of pedicel, deltoid, densely hairy. Petals thick, yellowish; outer petals valvate, broadly ovate, 2.8-3.3 x 2.1-2.5 cm, acute to acuminate with cordate base, evenly thick, pilose externally, finely tomentose within; inner petals imbricate, ovate, 2.5-2.8 x 2 cm, obtuse with cuneate base, margins comparatively thin, finely tomentose on both sides. Receptacle conical, hairy. Stamens 4.5 mm long, narrowly cuneate, connective-tip truncate, anther locules unequal. Carpels linear, basally connate, ovary covered with dense reddish brown hairs, 1-ovuled, style short, stigma truncate. Fruit ovoid, upto 30 cm long, dark green, echinate, spines curved and fleshy, pulp white, juicy and aromatic.

  • Provided by: [F].Flora of Pakistan
    • Source: [
    • 3
    • ]. 

    Habit

    Annona muricata grows as a tree to 12 m in height. The leaves are arranged alternately, in one plane, to 25 cm in length with an entire margin and acute leaf apex. The complete, perfect, actinomorphic flowers are solitary in leaf axils. The calyx has 3 unfused green sepals. The corolla has 6 unfused white, thickened, petals, an outer small set and an inner large set. There are numerous stamens. The superior ovaries are embedded in a fleshy receptacle producing a large smooth spiky fruit.

  • Provided by: [E].Leon Levy Native Plant Preserve
    • Source: [
    • 4
    • ]. 

    Habitat

    Annona muricata grows in Human Altered environments (yards, orchards, farms). It does not occur natural areas.

  • Provided by: [E].Leon Levy Native Plant Preserve
    • Source: [
    • 4
    • ]. 

    Distribution

    Annona muricata is native to the general Caribbean region and South America but is now wide spread across the globe including on all island groupings within the Lucayan Archipelago.

  • Provided by: [E].Leon Levy Native Plant Preserve
    • Source: [
    • 4
    • ]. 

    Uses

    Annona muricata has been used medicinally in the Bahamas to treat colds and flu, gastrointestinal issues, circulatory problems (high blood pressure, hypertension) and in general strengthening teas.

  • Provided by: [E].Leon Levy Native Plant Preserve
    • Source: [
    • 4
    • ]. 

    Nationally Preferred Names

    NameLanguageCountry
    Sour SopEnglishBS

    Other Local Names

    NameLanguageCountry
    Araxiku-rankaxinawa
    Jaca de PobrePortuguese
    GraviolaPortuguese
    GraveólaPortuguese

     Information From

    Annonaceae
    World Flora Online Data. 2017.
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    MBG Floras Images
    http://www.tropicos.org/ImageSearch.aspx
    Flora images. Missouri Botanical Garden. Accessed on Jun. 2018.
    • B Missouri Botanical Garden
    • C Missouri Botanical Garden
    Leon Levy Native Plant Preserve
    http://www.levypreserve.org
    Leon Levy Native Plant Preserve. 2020. Flora by Common Name and by Scientific Name. Bahamas National Trust. Available at www.levypreserve.org Accessed on (2020/07/09).
    • D Ethan Freid All rights Preserved
    • E Leon Levy Native Plant Preserve. All rights Preserved
    Flora of Pakistan
    http://www.tropicos.org/Project/Pakistan
    Flora of Pakistan. Missouri Botanical Garden. Accessed on Jun. 2020.
    • F Missouri Botanical Garden
    Brazilian Flora 2020 project - Projeto Flora do Brasil 2020
    http://floradobrasil.jbrj.gov.br
    Brazil Flora G (2014): Brazilian Flora 2020 project - Projeto Flora do Brasil 2020. v393.147. Instituto de Pesquisas Jardim Botanico do Rio de Janeiro. Dataset/Checklist. doi:10.15468/1mtkaw
    • G Group Brazil Flora, REFLORA Program
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    http://www.efloras.org/flora_page.aspx?flora_id=2
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    • H Missouri Botanical Garden
    Flora de Nicaragua
    http://www.tropicos.org/projectwebportal.aspx?projectid=7&pagename=Home&langid=66
    WD Stevens, CU Ulloa, A Pool and OM Montiel. Missouri Botanical Garden Press, 2001
    • I Missouri Botanical Garden
    World Flora Online consortium
    http://www.worldfloraonline.org/organisation/WFO
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    • J CC0 1.0 Universal (CC0 1.0).
    Global Tree Search
    https://tools.bgci.org/global_tree_search.php
    BGCI. 2018. GlobalTreeSearch online database. Botanic Gardens Conservation International. Richmond, U.K. Available at www.bgci.org. Accessed on 30/11/2018.
    • K Botanic Gardens Conservation International