Annona glabra L.
  • Sp. Pl.
  • Pond-apple

Cite taxon page as 'WFO (2020): Annona glabra L. Published on the Internet; Accessed on: 21 Oct 2020'

General Information

Trees to 12 m tall, evergreen. Branches glabrous, lenticellate. Axillary leaf buds ovoid, fulvous pubescent, apex obtuse. Petiole 0.8-2.5 cm; leaf blade ovate, elliptic-ovate, elliptic, or oblong, 6-20 × 3-8 cm, papery to thinly leathery, glabrous at maturity, secondary veins 7-12 on each side of midvein and forming a ca. 60° angle with midvein, secondary and reticulate veins prominent on both surfaces when dry, base obtuse to rounded and slightly decurrent onto petiole, apex acute to obtuse. Inflorescences internodal or terminal on a short branchlet, 1-flowered. Flower buds ovoid to subglobose. Pedicel 1.5-2 cm, glabrous. Sepals broadly ovate, 3-4 × 3-4 mm, free, glabrous. Outer petals greenish yellow to pale yellow and inside basally with a red spot, broadly ovate, 1.5-3 × 1.3-2.5 cm, outside glabrous, inside minutely puberulent, apex obtuse; inner petals outside yellow, inside carmine, 1.2-2.5 × 0.7-1.5 cm, minutely puberulent. Stamens oblong, 3-4 mm; connectives apically slightly convex. Carpels connate at anthesis, glabrous. Syncarp yellow to orange, ovoid, 5-12 × 5-8 cm, smooth, apex rounded. Seeds pale reddish brown, 1.3-1.5 cm. Fl. May-Jun, fr. Jul-Aug.

  • Provided by: [I].Flora Of CHina @
    • Source: [
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    Shrubs or trees , to ca. 15 m; trunks commonly buttressed at base. Principal leaves late deciduous; petiole 10-20mm. Leaf blade ovate to elliptic, 5-15 × 6(-8) cm, base broadly cuneate to rounded, apex acute to short-acuminate; surfaces glabrous. Inflorescences from leaf axils on new shoots, solitary flowers; peduncle stout, linear, club-shaped, to 2cm, becoming enlarged. Flowers: sepals reniform-cordate, 5-6 mm, glabrous; outer petals cream-white, ovate-cordate, adaxially concave, 2.5-3 cm, apex acute; inner petals cream-white, inside base deep purple, oblong-ovate, 2-2.5 cm, base cupped, incurved-cuneate, at least 2×3 length of outer petals, corrugate; stamens linear, 3-4 mm; connective thickened above anther tip; pistils conically massed, connate. Syncarp pendulous on thickened peduncle, dull yellow blotched with brown, ± ovoid, 5-12 cm, smooth with reticulate pattern formed by pistil boundaries. Seed ellipsoid to obovoid, 1-1.5 cm. 2 n =28.

  • Provided by: [F].Flora of North America @
    • Source: [
    • 5
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    Annona glabra L., Sp. Pl. 537. 1753; A. palustris L.

    Arbustos a árboles pequeños, hasta 10 m de alto; ramas jóvenes glabras. Hojas ovado-elípticas a ovado-oblongas, 6–21 cm de largo y 3.5–8.5 cm de ancho, ápice agudo a obtuso, base obtusa a redondeada y ligeramente decurrente, cartáceas a subcoriáceas, glabras en el envés, el nervio principal prominentemente elevado; pecíolos 1–2 cm de largo. Flores solitarias, internodales (supraaxilares), pedicelos 1.4–2.6 cm de largo, con una bráctea ovada a ca 0.5 cm por encima de la base, estrechamente aplicada al pedicelo; sépalos ampliamente ovados, 0.6 cm de largo y 0.9 cm de ancho, apiculados, glabros; pétalos exteriores ampliamente ovados a redondeados, hasta 4.4 cm de largo, 4.1 cm de ancho y 0.5 cm de grueso, ápice agudo a obtuso, amarillos con una mácula roja dentro de la base, lustrosos por fuera, pétalos internos imbricados, ovados, hasta 3.6 cm de largo y 2.5 cm de ancho, ápice obtuso a truncado, carinados y amarillos por fuera, rojos adentro y con un cuerpo alimenticio en la base, éste 0.7 cm de ancho, elevado, corrugado y crema-amarillo; estambres 3.4 mm de largo, filamentos 0.8 mm de largo, con conectivos ensanchados, discoides, papilosos; ovarios 1.5 mm de largo, conniventes, glabros, estigmas globosos, cubiertos por una capa de cera. Fruto ovoide, hasta 12 cm de largo y 8 cm de diámetro, redondeado en el ápice, verde brillante, sin evidencia de los carpelos individuales cuando maduro.

    Común en manglares en las costas de las zonas atlántica y pacífica, también en las costas de los lagos Xolotlán y Cocibolca; nivel del mar; fl mar–jul, fr feb–oct; M. Castro 105, Sandino 4048; Estados Unidos (sur de Florida), México a Ecuador y Brasil, también en el oeste de Africa. "Aconene".

  • Provided by: [H].Flora de Nicaragua
    • Source: [
    • 6
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    A tree up to 10 metres high; branchlets very soon glabrous. Leaves on petioles 1.0-1.5(-2.5) cm. long, rather thin, pale green, ovate-elliptic or oblong-elliptic, rotundate or acute and decurrent at the base, shortly acute or rarely obtuse at the apex, 7-14 cm. long and 3-8 cm. broad; network of veins dense and nicely prominent on both sides. Flowers solitary, issuing from about the middle of the internodes below the leaves; pedicels 1.5-2.0 cm. long, glabrous. Sepals rotundate, apiculate, 3-5 mm. long. Petals glabrous on outside, the outer ovate, 2.5-3.0(-4.0) cm. long, the inner a little smaller. Stamens 3-4 mm. long, connective disk broad, papillose but not setose. Fruit globose-ovoid, rounded at the top, 7-12 cm. long, smooth, areoles hardly obvious.

  • Provided by: [G].Flora de Panama
    • Source: [
    • 7
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    Flower white

  • Provided by: [E].Plants Of the World Online Portal - FWTA
    • Source: [
    • 1
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    A small tree or shrub

  • Provided by: [E].Plants Of the World Online Portal - FWTA
    • Source: [
    • 1
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    Fruits smooth, yellowish when ripe.

  • Provided by: [E].Plants Of the World Online Portal - FWTA
    • Source: [
    • 1
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    Of coastal marshes

  • Provided by: [E].Plants Of the World Online Portal - FWTA
    • Source: [
    • 1
    • ]. 


    This species is distributed from Mexico and the West Indies southwards to Ecuador on the west side and to southern Brazil on the east, also on the west coast of tropical Africa; always growing near the sea in littoral forests, in mangrove swamps and on riverbanks.

  • Provided by: [G].Flora de Panama
    • Source: [
    • 7
    • ]. 

    Distribution Map

    • Native distribution
    Found in
    • Southern America Brazil Amapí
    • Parí
    • Alagoas
    • Bahia
    • Ceará
    • Maranh
    • Pernambuco
    • Sergipe
    • Paraní
    • Santa Catarina
    • Espirito Santo
    • Minas Gerais
    • Rio de Janeiro
    • São Paulo

    Other Local Names


     Information From

    World Flora Online Data. 2017.
    • A CC0 1.0 Universal (CC0 1.0).
    MBG Floras Images
    Flora images. Missouri Botanical Garden. Accessed on Jun. 2018.
    • B Missouri Botanical Garden
    • C Missouri Botanical Garden
    Brazilian Flora 2020 project - Projeto Flora do Brasil 2020
    Brazil Flora G (2014): Brazilian Flora 2020 project - Projeto Flora do Brasil 2020. v393.147. Instituto de Pesquisas Jardim Botanico do Rio de Janeiro. Dataset/Checklist. doi:10.15468/1mtkaw
    • D Group Brazil Flora, REFLORA Program
    Plants Of the World Online Portal - FWTA
    • E The Trustees of the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew
    Flora of North America @
    'Flora of North America @ eFloras (2008). Published on the Internet [accessed August 2016]' Missouri Botanical Garden, St. Louis, MO & Harvard University Herbaria, Cambridge, MA.
    • F Flora of North America Association
    Flora de Panama
    Robert E. Woodson, Jr. and Robert W. Schery Annals of the Missouri Botanical Garden Vol. 67, No. 4 (1980), pp. ii-xxxiii
    • G Missouri Botanical Garden
    Flora de Nicaragua
    WD Stevens, CU Ulloa, A Pool and OM Montiel. Missouri Botanical Garden Press, 2001
    • H Missouri Botanical Garden
    Flora Of CHina @
    'Flora of China @ eFloras (2008). Published on the Internet [accessed August 2016]' Missouri Botanical Garden, St. Louis, MO & Harvard University Herbaria, Cambridge, MA.
    • I Missouri Botanical Garden
    World Flora Online consortium
    World Flora Online Data. 2018.
    • J CC0 1.0 Universal (CC0 1.0).
    Global Tree Search
    BGCI. 2018. GlobalTreeSearch online database. Botanic Gardens Conservation International. Richmond, U.K. Available at Accessed on 30/11/2018.
    • K Botanic Gardens Conservation International