Anethum graveolens L.
  • Sp. Pl.
  • endro


Cite taxon page as 'WFO (2020): Anethum graveolens L. Published on the Internet;http://www.worldfloraonline.org/taxon/wfo-0000536042. Accessed on: 07 Apr 2020'

General Information

Plants 30–75(–100) cm, glabrous, strongly aromatic. Basal leaf blade broadly ovate, 3–4-pinnately dissected; ultimate segments narrow linear, 4–20 × ca. 0.5 mm. Upper leaves smaller and less divided, petioles sheathing throughout. Umbels 5–15 cm across; rays 10–25, 3–5 cm; umbellules 15–25-flowered; pedicels 6–10 mm. Fruit brown, 3–5 × 2–2.5 mm; lateral ribs gray-white, narrowly winged. Fl. May–Aug, fr. Jul–Sep.

  • Provided by: [I].Flora Of CHina @ efloras.org
    • Source: [
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    1. Anethum graveolens L., Sp. Pl. 263 (1753). Lectotipo (designado por Jansen, 1981): Europa, Anon. (LINN-371.1). Ilustr.: Mathias et al., Fl. Il. Catarin. Umbelíferas 48, t. 14 (1972). N.v.: Eneldo, anisillo.

    Por L. Constance y J. Affolter.

    Plantas 40-170 cm, delgadas, con aroma a anís. Hojas 13-35 × 10-12 cm, oblongas a obovadas, pinnado-compuestas, las divisiones finales 4-20 × c. 0.5 mm o menores, filiformes; peciolos 5-6 cm, angostamente envainados. Pedúnculos 7-16 cm; radios (10-)25-50, 3-l0 cm, patente-ascendentes; pedicelos 6-10 mm, subiguales. Frutos 3-5 × 1.5-3 mm, las costillas dorsales filiformes, agudas, las laterales angostamente aladas, amarillas. Cultivada, ocasionalmente escapada en laderas y pastos. Ch ( Calzada 2873, UC); Y (Standley, 1930: 374); B ( Lundell 1898, F); G ( Steyermark 35907, F); H ( Erazo P. 127, MO); N ( Grijalva 3543, MO); CR ( Valerio 138, F); P ( Bro. Maurice 857, MO). 500-4000 m. (Nativa probablemente del SO. de Asia; cultivada y ocasionalmente adventicia en las regiones cálidas del mundo.)

  • Provided by: [H].Flora Mesoamericana
    • Source: [
    • 9
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    Anethum graveolens L., Sp. Pl. 1: 263. 1753.

  • Provided by: [J].Flora de Nicaragua
    • Source: [
    • 10
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    Annual herb 4-17 dm. tall; leaves oblong to obovate, the blade 13-35 cm. long, 11-20 cm. broad, pinnately decompound, the ultimate divisions filiform, 4-20 mm. long, the petiole 5-6 cm. long; upper cauline leaves greatly reduced; peduncles 7-16 cm. long; rays 10-45, spreading, 3-10 cm. long, the pedicels 20- 50, 6-10 mm. long; fruit ovoid, about 4 mm. long, 2 mm. broad.

  • Provided by: [D].Flora de Panama
    • Source: [
    • 11
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    "To 15 dm, branched above, glabrous and ± glaucous throughout; lvs ovate in outline, the lower long-petioled, the upper less so and smaller; ultimate lf-segments 5–20 mm; umbels to 15 cm wide; rays mostly 30–40, spreading, subequal; fr 3–5 mm, half as wide; 2n=22. Native of s. Europe, escaped from cult. throughout most of the U.S. and elsewhere. July, Aug."

  • Provided by: [E].New York Botanical Garden
    • Source: [
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    Morphology

    Petals ± 0.75 mm., glabrous.

  • Provided by: [G].Plants Of the World Online Portal - FTEA
    • Source: [
    • 6
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    Fruit elliptic-oblong, strongly dorsally compressed, ± 3–5 × 2–3 mm., the ribs pale, the marginals wider and thicker; stylopodia shortly conical with crenulate margins; styles short, strongly deflexed on and shorter than the stylopodia.

  • Provided by: [G].Plants Of the World Online Portal - FTEA
    • Source: [
    • 6
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    Fig. 31.

  • Provided by: [G].Plants Of the World Online Portal - FTEA
    • Source: [
    • 6
    • ]. 

    Lower leaves 3–4-pinnate with 3–7 pairs of pinnae dissected into capillary segments 2–25 × 0.25–0.5 mm., each terminating in a sharp, pale or brownish mucro; largest leaves up to ± 20 cm. long, deltoid; petiole ± 0.5–2 cm.; sheaths triangular to narrowly oblong, finely striate, 1–7 cm., rather broadly membranous-margined, auriculate at the top with blunt to acute membranous auricles; upper leaves rapidly reducing, sessile on the sheaths, often with longer segments, the uppermost rarely reduced to sheaths alone.

  • Provided by: [G].Plants Of the World Online Portal - FTEA
    • Source: [
    • 6
    • ]. 

    Stem sparingly to considerably branched, wiry, terete, finely striate.

  • Provided by: [G].Plants Of the World Online Portal - FTEA
    • Source: [
    • 6
    • ]. 

    Umbels numerous, on mostly (1.8–)5–22 cm. peduncles, usually at least some lateral umbels partially ♂; rays 5–40, glabrous, 2–10 cm.; partial umbels 5–30-flowered, on glabrous, 2–8 mm. pedicels.

  • Provided by: [G].Plants Of the World Online Portal - FTEA
    • Source: [
    • 6
    • ]. 

    Erect, glabrous, annual herb ± 0.2–1 m. tall, with a pleasant aromatic odour recalling parsley; rootstock slender.

  • Provided by: [G].Plants Of the World Online Portal - FTEA
    • Source: [
    • 6
    • ]. 

    Robust, rather glabrous annual herb up to 75 cm., with a strong characteristic odour.

  • Provided by: [F].Plants Of the World Online Portal - FZ
    • Source: [
    • 7
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    Leaves 3–4-pinnate, ultimate segments narrowly linear to filiform.

  • Provided by: [F].Plants Of the World Online Portal - FZ
    • Source: [
    • 7
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    Stem terete, with numerous fine grooves.

  • Provided by: [F].Plants Of the World Online Portal - FZ
    • Source: [
    • 7
    • ]. 

    Umbels terminal, equalled or exceeded by long peduncled laterals. Rays numerous, up to 4 cm. long; bracts and bracteoles 0. Partial umbels with up to 35 flowers, but those of small plants may have as few as 6.

  • Provided by: [F].Plants Of the World Online Portal - FZ
    • Source: [
    • 7
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    Vittae well developed, 1 per interval and 2 in the commissural face.

  • Provided by: [F].Plants Of the World Online Portal - FZ
    • Source: [
    • 7
    • ]. 

    Sepals obsolete; petals yellow with an obvious inturned apex.

  • Provided by: [F].Plants Of the World Online Portal - FZ
    • Source: [
    • 7
    • ]. 

    Fruit elliptic, strongly dorsiventrally compressed, with a moderately well-developed marginal wing paler in colour than the body of the fruit. Stylopodium lowconical; styles short, clubbed at the apex, divergent and shed before the fruit matures. Dorsal ribs filiform, carpophore 2-cleft to the base.

  • Provided by: [F].Plants Of the World Online Portal - FZ
    • Source: [
    • 7
    • ]. 

    Distribution Map

     
    • Introduced distribution
    Introduced into
    • Southern America Brazil Santa Catarina
    • Espirito Santo
    • São Paulo

    Other Local Names

    NameLanguageCountry
    endroPortuguese
    anetoPortuguese
    endãoPortuguese
    Anisillo dill

     Information From

    Apiaceae
    World Flora Online Data. 2017.
    • A CC0 1.0 Universal (CC0 1.0).
    MBG Floras Images
    http://www.tropicos.org/ImageSearch.aspx
    Flora images. Missouri Botanical Garden. Accessed on Jun. 2018.
    • B Missouri Botanical Garden
    • C Missouri Botanical Garden
    Flora de Panama
    http://www.tropicos.org/Project/PAC
    Robert E. Woodson, Jr. and Robert W. Schery Annals of the Missouri Botanical Garden Vol. 67, No. 4 (1980), pp. ii-xxxiii
    • D Missouri Botanical Garden
    New York Botanical Garden
    Descriptions of plants should be attributed to the full citation for each individual article, chapter or book that is the source for each record, which should include the authors of original publication.
    • E Content licensed under Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike 3.0 Unported License
    Plants Of the World Online Portal - FZ
    https://www.kew.org/science/who-we-are-and-what-we-do/strategic-outputs-2020/plants-of-the-world-online
    http://www.plantsoftheworldonline.org/terms-and-conditions
    • F
    Plants Of the World Online Portal - FTEA
    https://www.kew.org/science/who-we-are-and-what-we-do/strategic-outputs-2020/plants-of-the-world-online
    http://www.plantsoftheworldonline.org/terms-and-conditions
    • G
    Flora Mesoamericana
    http://www.mobot.org/MOBOT/fm/
    Gerrit Davidse, Mario Sousa Sánchez, A. O. Chater, Universidad Nacional Autónoma de México. Instituto de Biología, Missouri Botanical Garden, Natural History Museum (London, England) UNAM, 1994
    • H Missouri Botanical Garden
    Flora Of CHina @ efloras.org
    http://www.efloras.org/flora_page.aspx?flora_id=2
    'Flora of China @ eFloras (2008). Published on the Internet http://www.efloras.org/flora_page.aspx?flora_id=2 [accessed August 2016]' Missouri Botanical Garden, St. Louis, MO & Harvard University Herbaria, Cambridge, MA.
    • I Missouri Botanical Garden
    Flora de Nicaragua
    http://www.tropicos.org/projectwebportal.aspx?projectid=7&pagename=Home&langid=66
    WD Stevens, CU Ulloa, A Pool and OM Montiel. Missouri Botanical Garden Press, 2001
    • J Missouri Botanical Garden
    Brazilian Flora 2020 project - Projeto Flora do Brasil 2020
    http://floradobrasil.jbrj.gov.br
    Brazil Flora G (2014): Brazilian Flora 2020 project - Projeto Flora do Brasil 2020. v393.147. Instituto de Pesquisas Jardim Botanico do Rio de Janeiro. Dataset/Checklist. doi:10.15468/1mtkaw
    • K Group Brazil Flora, REFLORA Program
    World Flora Online consortium
    http://www.worldfloraonline.org/organisation/WFO
    World Flora Online Data. 2018.
    • L CC0 1.0 Universal (CC0 1.0).