Aizoon canariense L.
  • Sp. Pl.


Cite taxon page as 'WFO (2019): Aizoon canariense L. Published on the Internet;http://www.worldfloraonline.org/taxon/wfo-0000524796. Accessed on: 15 Nov 2019'

Morphology

A prostrate often rather thick and many-stemmed annual or perennial herb.

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    Stem up to c. 40 cm. long, pilose, often also finely papillose.

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    Leaves alternate, leaf-lamina 8–70 × 4–45 mm., suborbicular to oblanceolate-obovate, rounded or bluntly subacuminate at apex, decurrent into the petiole at base, ± pilose on both sides, entire, with petiole 3–18 mm. long.

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    Flowers solitary in leaf-axils or in forks of the branches, sessile, often numerous.

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    Seeds ?, reniform, concentrically ridged.

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    Fruit 5–9 mm. in diameter, usually red or pink, pentagonal, stellate, depressed centrally, splitting into 5 valves, these inflexed and remaining attached to the centre of the ovary.

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    Ovary 5-locular; styles 5, short; stigmas 5.

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    Stamens c. 12–15, inserted on calyx-tube in fascicles at the base of the sinuses between calyx-lobes.

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    Perianth segments 5, c. 3 mm. long, triangular, acute, yellowish inside, greenish or reddish and pilose outside.

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    Styles short, deciduous.

  • Provided by: [B].Plants Of the World Online Portal - FTEA
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    Stamens about 12–15, inserted on the calyx-tube in fascicles at the bases of the sinuses between the calyx-lobes.

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    Calyx-lobes 5 (rarely 4) triangular, acute, yellowish inside, greenish or reddish and pilose outside.

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    Flowers solitary in leaf-axils or in the forks of the branches, sessile, often numerous.

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    Fig. 11/1–2, p. 33.

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    Fruit usually red or pink, pentagonal (rarely tetragonal) stelliform, depressed centrally, 5–8 mm. diameter, splitting into 5 (rarely 4) valves, the valves as many as the carpels, inflexed and remaining attached to the centre of the ovary.

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    Seeds many, reniform, concentrically ridged.

  • Provided by: [B].Plants Of the World Online Portal - FTEA
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    A prostrate often rather thick-stemmed and tough annual or perennial herb.

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    Stem pilose, often also finely papillose, 1–5 mm. diameter, 0.5–30 cm. long or more.

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    Leaves alternate, petiolate; blade suborbicular to oblanceolate-obovate, rounded obtuse or bluntly subacuminate at apex, decurrent into the petiole at the base, more or less pilose on both sides, entire, 6–40 mm. long, 2–40 mm. broad; petiole 3–16 mm. long.

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    A prostrate, often rather thick and many-stemmed annual or perennial herb. Leaves alternate. Lamina, 8-70 x 4-45 mm, suborbicular to oblanceolate-obovate, usually rounded at apex. Flowers solitary in leaf axils. Fruit 5-9 mm in diameter. Perianth yellowish inside, greenish or reddish and pilose outside.

  • Provided by: [C].e-Flora of South Africa
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    Prostrate annual or short-lived perennial, up to 400 mm long, shortly hairy when young. Leaves spathulate or oval, narrowing into a petiole 3-18 mm long, blades 10-50 x 4-15 mm, adpressed-hairy. Flowers sessile in flattened, axillary clusters, yellow-green inside. Fruit 5-9 mm diam.

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    Flowers apparently axillary. Prostrate, annual or short-lived perennial to 30 cm, shortly hairy when young. Leaves pseudopetiolate, oblanceolate-spathulate, adpressed-hairy. Flowers sessile in flattened, axillary clusters, yellow-green, sepals small, upcurving.

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    Perennial herb, up to 0.4 m high; many stemmed. Stems decumbent. Leaves alternate; papulose; blade suborbicular to narrowly obovate to obovate, 8-70 x 4-45 mm, apex obtuse, at base narrowed to a petiole as long as blade or longer. Flowers: solitary in leaf axils; perianth with outer surface pilose, yellowish inside, greenish or reddish outside; Sep.-Jun. Fruit 5-9 mm in diameter, persistent on dead plants for a long time.

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    Habitat

    Roadsides, cultivated ground, rocky soils.

  • Provided by: [C].e-Flora of South Africa
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    Dry stony flats, often in disturbed ground.

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    Dry stony flats, often disturbed ground.

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    Dwarf Karroid Shrubland. Roadsides, cultivated ground, rocky soils.

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    Distribution

    Namaqualand to Clanwilliam, Karoo to N Africa and Arabia.

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    Namaqualand to Clanwilliam, Karoo to N Africa and Arabia.

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      Bibliography

     Information From

    Aizoaceae
    World Flora Online Data. 2017.
    • A CC0 1.0 Universal (CC0 1.0).
    Plants Of the World Online Portal - FTEA
    https://www.kew.org/science/who-we-are-and-what-we-do/strategic-outputs-2020/plants-of-the-world-online
    http://www.plantsoftheworldonline.org/terms-and-conditions
    • B
    e-Flora of South Africa
    e-Flora of South Africa. v1.21. 2018. South African National Biodiversity Institute. http://ipt.sanbi.org.za/iptsanbi/resource?r=flora_descriptions&v=1.21
    • C All Rights Reserved
    Plants Of the World Online Portal - FZ
    https://www.kew.org/science/who-we-are-and-what-we-do/strategic-outputs-2020/plants-of-the-world-online
    http://www.plantsoftheworldonline.org/terms-and-conditions
    • D
    World Flora Online consortium
    http://www.worldfloraonline.org/organisation/WFO
    World Flora Online Data. 2018.
    • E CC0 1.0 Universal (CC0 1.0).