Abutilon theophrasti Medik.
  • Malvenfam.
  • Abutilon de Théophraste


Cite taxon page as 'WFO (2021): Abutilon theophrasti Medik. Published on the Internet;http://www.worldfloraonline.org/taxon/wfo-0000512325. Accessed on: 28 Nov 2021'

General Information

Herbs subshrublike, annual, 1-2 m tall. Petiole 3-12 cm, stellate hairy; leaf blade orbicular-cordate, 5-10 cm in diam., both surfaces densely stellate pubescent, base cordate, margin minutely crenate, apex long acuminate. Flowers solitary, axillary, yellow. Pedicel 1-3 cm, pubescent, articulate near apex. Calyx cup-shaped, densely puberulent, lobes 5, ovate, ca. 6 mm. Corolla uniformly yellow; petals obovate, ca. 1 cm. Filament tube glabrous. Ovary 15-20-loculed, 1-1.5 cm, densely pubescent, apex truncate. Capsule semiglobose, ca. 1.2 × 2 cm; mericarps 15-20, stellate pilose, apex 2-awned, awns spreading, 3-5 mm, hairy. Seed reniform, brown, stellate puberulent. Fl. Jul-Aug.

  • Provided by: [B].Flora Of CHina @ efloras.org
    • Source: [
    • 1
    • ]. 

    Herbs, annual, to 1+ m. Stems erect, stellate-tomentose, without simple hairs. Leaves: stipules lanceolate; petiole subequal to blade; blade concolorous, broadly ovate to suborbiculate, 8–15 cm, ± as long as wide, base cordate, margins crenulate, apex acuminate, surfaces softly pubescent. Inflorescences usually solitary flowers, sometimes cymose or racemose. Flowers: calyx 10 mm, lobes not overlapping, erect in fruit, ovate; corolla pale yellow throughout, petals 8–13 mm; staminal column glabrous; style 13–15-branched. Schizocarps broadly ovoid, 15 × 20 mm; mericarps: apex spinose, spines divergent, 3–6 mm, hirsute. Seeds 3 per mericarp, 3–4 mm, minutely puberulent. 2n = 84.

  • Provided by: [D].Flora of North America @ efloras.org
    • Source: [
    • 2
    • ]. 

    Herb, annual, the stem erect, 0.3-1.2 m high, more or less tomentose, the hairs simple and/or stellate. Leaves long-petiolate, the petiole rather slender, usually longer than the blade, more or less tomentose, the stipules early caducous; blade broadly ovate to subeircular to very broadly ovate, deeply cordate at the base, more or less abruptly long-acuminate at the apex, crenulate or crenate- dentate at the margin, up to 20 cm broad, chartaceous, slightly discolor, 7- to 9-palminerved, puberulus and usually with stellate hairs on both surfaces but the indumentum usually softer and denser beneath, the veins prominent beneath. Flowers axillary and solitary, or in a few-flowered, leafy, terminal panicle, the pedicels shorter than the petioles, articulate usually above the middle, tomentose; calyx broadly campanulate, ca 10 mm long, tomentose, lobed to far beyond the middle, the lobes patent at anthesis, ovate and acute, accrescent; petals patent at anthesis, oblong-obovate, ca 10-13 mm long, yellow or orange, glabrous at the insertion of the staminal tube; androecium shorter than the calyx and corolla, the staminal tube much inflated, glabrous. Fruit broadly cylindric, umbilicate, villous to densely pubescent, the mericarps about 15, 12-15 mm long (awns excluded), long-aristate at the apex, the awns widely spreading and ca 3-5 mm long, rounded at the base, rigid-chartaceous, 3-seeded; seeds ca 3.5-4 mm long, inconspicuously foveolate and minutely puberulus.

  • Provided by: [E].Flora de Panama
    • Source: [
    • 3
    • 4
    • ]. 

    "Stout branching annual 1–1.5 m, softly hairy throughout with few-armed stellate hairs; lvs cordate, 10–15 cm long and wide, acuminate, entire or obscurely toothed, on petioles about as long; peduncles joined above the middle, elongating to 2–3 cm at maturity; fls yellow, 1.5–2.5 cm wide; head of fr 2–3 cm wide; carpels commonly 10–15, densely hairy, with conspicuous horizontally spreading beaks; 2n=42. Native of s. Asia, established as a weed in fields and waste places nearly throughout our range but more abundant southward. July–Oct. (A. abutilon)"

  • Provided by: [H].New York Botanical Garden
    • Source: [
    • 5
    • ]. 

    Annual, 1-2 m tall velutinous herb. Leaves with 2-20 cm long petiole; stipules 5-8 mm long, caducous; blade 2-16 cm across, usually orbicular or broadly ovate, long acuminate, deeply cordate at base, minutely crenate-dentate or undulate, with 7-11 prominent nerves, velutinous-stellate hairy on both sides, more velutinous beneath. Flowers axillary, solitary or few flowered terminal raceme; pedicel 1.5-4 cm long, tomentose, articulate near the apex. Calyx c. 1 cm long, fused below the middle; lobes 4-7 mm broad, ovate or lanceolate, acuminate, stellate tomentose without, less so within. Corolla yellow; petals 1.2 cm long and broad, obovate, glabrous. Staminal column 2-4 mm long, glabrous. Ovary globose, c. 3 mm across, villous. Fruit 12-15 mm long (awns excluded), 15-20 mm broad, black.

  • Provided by: [A].Flora of Pakistan
    • Source: [
    • 6
    • ]. 

    Morphology

    30–150 cm hoch, aufrecht, von einfachen Haaren und Sternhaaren dicht samthaarig. Blätter 5–20 cm lang, breit herzförmig, lang zugespitzt, gekerbt, lang gestielt. Blüten gestielt, einzeln oder zu wenigen in den Achseln der oberen Stängelblätter.

  • Provided by: [C].Flora Helvetica – Illustrierte Flora der Schweiz
    • Source: [
    • 7
    • ]. 

    Habit

    Herb

  • Provided by: [E].Flora de Panama
    • Source: [
    • 3
    • 4
    • ]. 

    Ecology

    7–9. Äcker, Ruderalstellen, kollin. CH, mit Saatgut eingeschleppt und stellenweise eingebürgert, früher als Faserpflanze kultiviert.

  • Provided by: [C].Flora Helvetica – Illustrierte Flora der Schweiz
    • Source: [
    • 7
    • ]. 

    Distribution

    A weed native to India, but introduced and fully naturalized in many regions in North America; apparently of recent introduction on San Jose Island.

  • Provided by: [E].Flora de Panama
    • Source: [
    • 4
    • 3
    • ]. 

    Other Local Names

    NameLanguageCountry
    Abutilon de ThéophrasteFrenchCH
    Chinesische SamtpappelGermanCH
    Cencio molleItalianCH
    Butterprint, China jute, chingma, Indian hemp, pie-marker, velvetleaf

     Information From

    Flora of Pakistan
    http://www.tropicos.org/Project/Pakistan
    Flora of Pakistan. Missouri Botanical Garden. Accessed on Jun. 2020.
    • A Missouri Botanical Garden
    Flora Of CHina @ efloras.org
    http://www.efloras.org/flora_page.aspx?flora_id=2
    'Flora of China @ eFloras (2008). Published on the Internet http://www.efloras.org/flora_page.aspx?flora_id=2 [accessed August 2016]' Missouri Botanical Garden, St. Louis, MO & Harvard University Herbaria, Cambridge, MA.
    • B Missouri Botanical Garden
    Flora Helvetica – Illustrierte Flora der Schweiz
    http://www.flora-helvetica.ch
    Flora Helvetica – Illustrierte Flora der Schweiz, Konrad Lauber, Gerhart Wagner, Andreas Gygax. Haupt Verlag 2018.
    • C All Rights Reserved
    Flora of North America @ efloras.org
    http://www.efloras.org/flora_page.aspx?flora_id=1
    'Flora of North America @ eFloras (2008). Published on the Internet http://www.efloras.org/flora_page.aspx?flora_id=1 [accessed August 2016]' Missouri Botanical Garden, St. Louis, MO & Harvard University Herbaria, Cambridge, MA.
    • D Flora of North America Association
    Flora de Panama
    http://www.tropicos.org/Project/PAC
    Robert E. Woodson, Jr. and Robert W. Schery Annals of the Missouri Botanical Garden Vol. 67, No. 4 (1980), pp. ii-xxxiii
    • E Missouri Botanical Garden
    Malvaceae
    World Flora Online Data. 2017.
    • F CC0 1.0 Universal (CC0 1.0).
    MBG Floras Images
    http://www.tropicos.org/ImageSearch.aspx
    Flora images. Missouri Botanical Garden. Accessed on Jun. 2018.
    • G Missouri Botanical Garden
    New York Botanical Garden
    Descriptions of plants should be attributed to the full citation for each individual article, chapter or book that is the source for each record, which should include the authors of original publication.
    • H Content licensed under Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike 3.0 Unported License
    World Flora Online consortium
    http://www.worldfloraonline.org/organisation/WFO
    World Flora Online Data. 2018.
    • I CC0 1.0 Universal (CC0 1.0).