Sloanea terniflora (Moc. & Sessé ex DC.) Standl.
  • Trop. Woods
  • terciopelo


This taxon is accepted by Elaeocarpaceae
Notes: More details could be found in The Plant List v.1.1. Originally in The Plant List v.1.0

General Information

Sloanea terniflora (Moç. & Sessé ex DC.) Standl., Trop. Woods 79: 10. 1944; Lecostomon terniflorum Moç. & Sessé ex DC.; S. quadrivalvis Seem.

Arboles hasta 30 m de alto, corteza clara o rojiza, lisa o áspera, o a veces negra y fisurada. Hojas alternas, obovadas o raramente ovadas a elípticas, (1.8) 3.2–12.8 (–20.6) cm de largo y (1.5–) 2.1–5.3 (–7.3) cm de ancho, ápice emarginado u ocasionalmente redondeado a cortamente obtuso-acuminado, base generalmente cuneado-aguda, raramente redondeada o ligeramente cordada, glabras o escasamente puberulentas en los nervios principales de la haz; pecíolos 1–4 (–12) mm de largo; estípulas lineares, 2–6 mm de largo, caducas. Inflorescencias dicasios de 3 (–5) flores en los brotes nuevos, eje principal 1.7–3.9 cm de largo, brácteas lineares, 1–2.5 (–4.6) mm de largo y 0.2–0.8 mm de ancho; sépalos (3) 4 (5), 5–8 mm de largo y 2.8–5 mm de ancho, carnosos, rojo obscuros; estambres ca 2.3–4.5 mm de largo, con filamentos teretes, 0.5–1.3 mm de largo, antera más o menos lanceolada, 1.1–2 mm de largo, las tecas abriéndose en el 1/3 apical, la arista delgada, más o menos terete, (0.6) 0.8–1.8 mm de largo, frecuentemente encorvada o doblada hacia afuera del eje floral; pistilo 3.3–5.3 mm de largo, estilo entero. Cápsulas 1.5–1.9 (–2.6) cm de largo y 1–1.5 cm de diámetro, cafés a rojizas o purpúreas, con (3) 4 (5) valvas de 1–2 mm de grueso, rojas por dentro, espinas ca 1.3–2 (–3) mm de largo, agrupadas, deciduas, claviformes, con tricomas aguzados en el ápice, relativamente uniformes en tamaño y forma; semillas 1–3 por cápsula, 11–15 mm de largo y ca 6 mm de ancho, arilo anaranjado.

Localmente común, en bosques secos semideciduos en la zona pacífica; 15–500 m; fl abr–dic, fr sep–nov; M. Castro 61, Velásquez 9; ésta es la especie más ampliamente distribuida en el Nuevo Mundo, desde el sur de México hasta Perú, Bolivia y Brasil (Maranhão). Se dice que la madera es de buena calidad. Las espinas capsulares deciduas pueden irritar la piel y son peligrosas para los ojos. "Terciopelo".

  • Provided by: [E].Flora de Nicaragua
    • Source: [
    • 1
    • ]. 

    Tree to 30 m high, the trunk buttressed, the bark smooth, black; twigs with brown or gray-brown, finely striate, often rugolse bark, the new growth striate, minutely scattered-puberulent to puberulent. Leaves alternate to opposite; petioles 0.3-2 cm long, subterete, striate, minutely scatttered-puberulent to puberulent, often with a puberulent line on the upper side; blades 6.5-15 cm long, 3-7.5 cm wide, subovate to elliptical to obovate, firmly chartaceous to coriaceous, the midrib and secondary veins distinct to prominent, glabrous to puberulent above, glabrous to puberulent beneath, often light in color, the base subcordate to rounded to cuneate-obtuse, the apex rounded to obtuse to acuminate-obtuse, the margin entire to irregularly undulate to irregularly repand-dentate particularly toward the apex. Inflorescences 3.5-5.5 cm long, umbellately 1-3-flowered, the peduncles 1.5-3 cm long, striate, often laterally flattened, glabrous to finely puberulent, the pedicels 0.8-1.3 cm long, striate, glabrous to finely puberulent. Flowers maroon with pale yellow stamens, 5-7 mm long, 6-8 mm in diam; sepals 6-7 mm long, 2-5 mm wide, ovate, at times acuminate, minutely to finely scattered-puberulent without and within, the margins densely puberulent; stamens 3-4.5 mm long, the filaments 0.5-1 mm long, finely puberulent to puberulent, the anthers 1-2.5 mm long, ellipti- cal to deltoid-lanceolate, finely puberulent to puberulent, opening by a lenticular pore at the apex, the connective prolonged into a finely puberulent to, puberulent awn 0.5-1 mm long; pistil 4-5 mm long, the ovary 2-2.5 mm long, ca 1.5 mm in diam, ovoid, usually 4-loculed, puberulent to pubescent, the style 2-2.5 mm long, puberulent on the basal 1/3, glabrous above, the apex entire. Capsule 1.5-2.5 cm long, ellipsoidal, 1-2-seeded, 4-valved; valves 1-3 mm thick, densely covered with easily detached spines; spines ca 2 mm long, clavate, puberulent with antrorse flat- tened trichomes, the apex often with several longer trichomes; seeds 1-1.2 cm long, 0.5-0.6 cm in diam, ellipsoidal, almost entirely covered with an irregular-margined aril firmly attached to the chalazal 1/4 of the seed.

  • Provided by: [D].Flora de Panama
    • Source: [
    • 2
    • ]. 

    Arbusto o árbol, 5–30 m, con gambas hasta ca. 2 m, la corteza rojiza; tallos jóvenes densa y cortamente tomentosos, pronto glabrescentes; estípulas 0.2–0.6 cm, lineares, + caducas. Hojas alternas; pecíolo 0.1–0.4(–1.2) cm; lámina (1.8–)3.2–12.8(–20.6) X (1.5–)2.1–5.3(–7.3) cm, principalmente obovada a oblanceolada, emarginada a cortamente acuminada en el ápice, entera a irregularmente crenada distalmente. Infls. cimosas. Fls. con aroma + desagradable, con (3)4(5) sépalos morados, 5–8(–10) mm; estambres 2.3–4.5  mm, el filamento ca. 1/2 tan largo como la antera, pubescente; arista (0.6–)0.8–1.8 mm; estilo simple. Frs. rojos a morados, 1.5–1.9(–2.6) X 1–1.5 cm, densamente espinosos, las espinas monomorfas, hasta ca. 1.3–3 mm, clavadas, deciduas; semillas con el arilo anaranjado a rojo.

  • Provided by: [F].Manual de Plantas de Costa Rica
    • Source: [
    • 3
    • ]. 

    Habit

    Tree

  • Provided by: [D].Flora de Panama
    • Source: [
    • 2
    • ]. 

    Distribution

    Sloanea terniflora has been collected from Nayarit, Mexico, southward as far as Peru, Bolivia-and Brazil.

  • Provided by: [D].Flora de Panama
    • Source: [
    • 2
    • ]. 

    Other Local Names

    NameLanguageCountry
    terciopelo

     Information From

    Elaeocarpaceae
    World Flora Online Data. 2017.
    • A CC0 1.0 Universal (CC0 1.0).
    MBG Floras Images
    http://www.tropicos.org/ImageSearch.aspx
    Flora images. Missouri Botanical Garden. Accessed on Jun. 2018.
    • B Missouri Botanical Garden
    • C Missouri Botanical Garden
    Flora de Panama
    http://www.tropicos.org/Project/PAC
    Robert E. Woodson, Jr. and Robert W. Schery Annals of the Missouri Botanical Garden Vol. 67, No. 4 (1980), pp. ii-xxxiii
    • D Missouri Botanical Garden
    Flora de Nicaragua
    http://www.tropicos.org/projectwebportal.aspx?projectid=7&pagename=Home&langid=66
    WD Stevens, CU Ulloa, A Pool and OM Montiel. Missouri Botanical Garden Press, 2001
    • E Missouri Botanical Garden
    Manual de Plantas de Costa Rica
    http://www.tropicos.org/Project/Costa%20Rica
    Hammel, B. E.; Grayum, M. H.; Herrera, C.; Zamora, N. Manual de Plantas de Costa Rica. Missouri Botanical Garden Press, 2003-2014
    • F Missouri Botanical Garden
    World Flora Online consortium
    http://www.worldfloraonline.org/organisation/WFO
    World Flora Online Data. 2018.
    • G CC0 1.0 Universal (CC0 1.0).
    Global Tree Assessment
    http://www.bgci.org/
    BGCI. 2018. GlobalTreeSearch online database. Botanic Gardens Conservation International. Richmond, U.K. Available at www.bgci.org. Accessed on 30/11/2018.
    • H Botanic Gardens Conservation International