Pappea capensis Eckl. & Zeyh.
  • Enum. Pl. Afric. Austral.


Cite taxon page as 'WFO (2020): Pappea capensis Eckl. & Zeyh. Published on the Internet;http://www.worldfloraonline.org/taxon/wfo-0000471143. Accessed on: 31 Oct 2020'

Diagnostic Description

Apparently one very variable species with all transitions occurring.

  • Provided by: [A].e-Flora of South Africa
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    Morphology

    Tree up to 10 m. tall with spreading crown; branchlets tomentellous, glabrescent.

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    Leaves petiolate; petiole up to 15 mm. long, tomentellous; lamina up to 10 × 6 cm., oblong to narrowly oblong, chartaceous to subcoriaceous, shortly pubescent above especially on the nerves, tomentellous beneath, apex rounded and usually shortly mucronate, margin entire to sharply serrate, base rounded to sub-cordate; lateral nerves 10–20 pairs, branching near the margin.

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    Inflorescence up to 16 cm. long; rhachis tomentellous.

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    Flowers yellowish or greenish, in fascicles or subsessile cymules on the rhachis; pedicels up to 4 mm. long.

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    Sepals 1·3 mm. long, connate to above the middle.

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    Petals 0·7–1 mm. in diam., subcircular, unguiculate.

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    Stamens 8–10 (reduced in size in male flowers); filaments up to 3 mm. long; anthers 1 mm. long.

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    Ovary 3-gonous, tomentellous; style up to 5 mm., appressed-pubescent.

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    Disk 2 mm. in diam.

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    Fruit (usually reduced to 1 coccus) c. 10 mm. in diam., subglobose, tomentellous.

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    Seed black, shiny, c. 7 mm. in diam., subglobose, nearly surrounded by the arillode.

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    Disk said to be glandular.

  • Provided by: [C].Plants Of the World Online Portal - FTEA
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    Ovary rudiment a small cushion of hairs.

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    Stamens much exserted; filaments eventually 4 mm. long, pilose in the lower part; anthers triangular-ovate, with scattered hairs, the apex of the connective inflated; staminodes with 2 mm. long filaments and slightly smaller anthers.

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    Seed 6–9 mm. across.

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    Fruit green-velvety when young, brown when mature, spherical, 8–12 mm. diameter, with a longitudinal ridge along which dehiscence occurs; interior of the valves glabrous.

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    Fig. 11.

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    Calyx 0.6–0.8 mm. long, densely whitish pubescent.

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    Petals 5, claw 0.6 mm. long, limb triangular, 0.4 mm. long, long-white ciliate, scale 0.2 mm. long.

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    Petiole 0.3–1.7 cm. long, pubescent; petioles 0.7–1.8 cm. long; leaf-blades yellow-green, oblong or broadly or narrowly elliptic or obovate or occasionally oblong-lanceolate, 3–18 cm. long, 1.3–8 cm. wide, apex obtuse or emarginate or shortly acuminate, rarely acute, base asymmetric, truncate or rounded or cordate on one side, entire and undulate or rather rarely sharply serrate, the teeth 1–2.5 mm. deep, glabrous above apart from hairs on the larger veins, the lower surface softly hairy and glandular; lateral nerves in 12–20 pairs, strongly branched, venation closely reticulate.

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    Inflorescences spicate, in leaf-axils on short lateral shoots; axes 3–15(–25) cm. long, with dense subsessile clusters of white, yellow-green or yellow flowers; pedicels 1–5 mm. long.

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    Much-branched shrub or tree to 15 m. tall; crown thick and rounded; bark dark grey, reticulate, rough or smooth save for small tesselations, variable according to fire regime; twigs tawny-pubescent when young, knobbly with raised leaf-scars, soon glabrescent, dark grey.

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    Tree up to 10 m tall with spreading crown; branchlets tomentellous, glabrescent. Leaves petiolate; petiole up to 15 mm long, tomentellous; lamina up to 10 x 6 cm, oblong to narrowly oblong, chartaceous to subcoriaceous, shortly pubescent above especially on the nerves, tomentellous beneath, apex rounded and usually shortly mucronate, margin entire to sharply serrate, base rounded to subcordate; lateral nerves 10-20 pairs, branching near the margin. Inflorescence up to 16 cm long; rhachis tomentellous. Flowers yellowish or greenish, in fascicles or subsessile cymules on the rhachis; pedicels up to 4 mm long. Sepals 1.3 mm long, connate to above the middle. Petals 0.7-1 mm in diam., subcircular, unguiculate. Disk 2 mm in diam. Stamens 8-10 (reduced in size in [female] flowers); filaments up to 3 mm long; anthers 1 mm long. Ovary 3-gonous, tomentellous; style up to 5 mm, appressed-pubescent. Fruit (usually reduced to 1 coccus) c. 10 mm in diam., subglobose, tomentellous. Seed black, shiny, c. 7 mm in diam., subglobose, nearly surrounded by the arillode.

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    Tree, up to 10 m high. Leaves simple, lamina up to 100 x 60 mm, oblong, rounded at both ends, pubescent beneath, margin entire to sharply serrate, chartaceous to subcoriaceous. Flowers in fascicles along rhachis; yellow or cream.

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    Monoecious (or functionally dioecious), spreading tree to 7(-13) m, velvety on young parts. Leaves oblong, minutely toothed, crowded at branch tips. Flowers in axillary, catkin-like, compound cymes, yellowish. Fruits globose, velvety.

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    Tree, up to 10 m high. Leaves often crowded near ends of branches; simple; blade oblong, up to 100 x 60 mm, rounded at both ends, margins entire to sharply serrate, many lateral veins, closely together, branching and forming a ‘Y' just before reaching margin, pubescent beneath, papery to leathery. Flowers: in fascicles along rachis; corolla yellow or cream-coloured; Aug.-Apr. Fruit a densely hairy, ± globose capsule, with a bright red, semi-fleshy aril covering a black seed.

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    Dioecious or bisexual, small to medium-sized tree, 3-7(-13) m tall, with a dense crown, velvety on young parts. Leaves crowded at branch tips, oblong, minutely toothed to entire. Flowers in axillary racemes, yellowish. Fruit globose, velvety.

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    Habitat

    Savanna and riverine woodland, termite mounds and often on sandy soil.

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    Riverine woodland, bushveld and grassland.

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    Rocky slopes and open woodlands.

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    Vredefort Dome Savanna. Riverine woodland, bushveld and grassland.

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    Rocky slopes and open woodland.

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    Distribution

    Eastern and southern tropical Africa and S. Africa.

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    S Namibia, and W Karoo, Little Karoo from Montagu to Willowmore to E tropical Africa.

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    Southeastern Namibia to northeastern Namaqualand and Little Karoo to E tropical Africa.

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      Bibliography

     Information From

    e-Flora of South Africa
    e-Flora of South Africa. v1.21. 2018. South African National Biodiversity Institute. http://ipt.sanbi.org.za/iptsanbi/resource?r=flora_descriptions&v=1.21
    • A All Rights Reserved
    Plants Of the World Online Portal - FZ
    https://www.kew.org/science/who-we-are-and-what-we-do/strategic-outputs-2020/plants-of-the-world-online
    http://www.plantsoftheworldonline.org/terms-and-conditions
    • B
    Plants Of the World Online Portal - FTEA
    https://www.kew.org/science/who-we-are-and-what-we-do/strategic-outputs-2020/plants-of-the-world-online
    http://www.plantsoftheworldonline.org/terms-and-conditions
    • C
    Global Tree Search
    https://tools.bgci.org/global_tree_search.php
    BGCI. 2018. GlobalTreeSearch online database. Botanic Gardens Conservation International. Richmond, U.K. Available at www.bgci.org. Accessed on 30/11/2018.
    • D Botanic Gardens Conservation International
    Sapindaceae
    • E CC0 1.0 Universal (CC0 1.0).
    World Flora Online consortium
    http://www.worldfloraonline.org/organisation/WFO
    World Flora Online Data. 2018.
    • F CC0 1.0 Universal (CC0 1.0).