Tsuga caroliniana Engelm.
  • Bot. Gaz.
  • Carolina hemlock

Cite taxon page as 'WFO (2021): Tsuga caroliniana Engelm. Published on the Internet;http://www.worldfloraonline.org/taxon/wfo-0000456345. Accessed on: 08 Dec 2021'

General Information

Trees to 30m; trunk to 2m diam.; crown conic. Bark brown, scaly and fissured. Twigs light brown, thinly covered with short, dark hairs. Buds oblong, 2--3mm. Leaves 10--20mm, mostly spreading in all directions from twigs, flat but slightly revolute; abaxial surface glaucous, with 2 broad, conspicuous stomatal bands, adaxial surface shiny green; margins entire. Seed cones ovoid to oblong, 2.5--4 ´ 1.5--2.5cm; scales oblong, 12--18 ´ 8--12mm, bases clawed, apex rounded. 2 n =24.

  • Provided by: [A].Flora of North America @ efloras.org
    • Source: [
    • 1
    • ]. 

    "Similar to no. 1 [Tsuga canadensis (L.) Carrière]; lvs entire, averaging slightly larger, more diversely oriented, so that the sprays are not so flat; cones 25–35 mm, the scales widely spreading at maturity, oblong-ovate, the exposed portion of the middle ones at least as long as wide. Ravines and rocky hillsides in the Blue Ridge Prov., rarely on the Piedmont; sw. Va. to n. Ga."

  • Provided by: [B].New York Botanical Garden
    • Source: [
    • 2
    • ]. 



    James, R.L. 1959. Carolina hemlock---wild and cultivated. Castanea 24: 112--134.

  • Provided by: [A].Flora of North America @ efloras.org
    • Source: [
    • 1
    • ]. 

    Other Local Names

    Carolina hemlock


     Information From

    Flora of North America @ efloras.org
    'Flora of North America @ eFloras (2008). Published on the Internet http://www.efloras.org/flora_page.aspx?flora_id=1 [accessed August 2016]' Missouri Botanical Garden, St. Louis, MO & Harvard University Herbaria, Cambridge, MA.
    • A Flora of North America Association
    New York Botanical Garden
    Descriptions of plants should be attributed to the full citation for each individual article, chapter or book that is the source for each record, which should include the authors of original publication.
    • B Content licensed under Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike 3.0 Unported License
    Global Tree Search
    BGCI. 2018. GlobalTreeSearch online database. Botanic Gardens Conservation International. Richmond, U.K. Available at www.bgci.org. Accessed on 30/11/2018.
    • C Botanic Gardens Conservation International
    International Union for Conservation of Nature
    IUCN 2016. IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Version 2016-2
    • D All Rights Reserved
    International Union for Conservation of Nature v.3
    IUCN 2019. The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Version 2019-1.
    • E See IUCN Terms and conditions of use http://www.iucnredlist.org/info/terms-of-use
    • F CC0 1.0 Universal (CC0 1.0).
    World Flora Online consortium
    World Flora Online Data. 2018.
    • G CC0 1.0 Universal (CC0 1.0).