Melia azedarach L.
  • Sp. Pl.
  • amargoseira


Cite taxon page as 'WFO (2020): Melia azedarach L. Published on the Internet;http://www.worldfloraonline.org/taxon/wfo-0000450150. Accessed on: 26 May 2020'

General Information

Trees to 10 m tall, deciduous. Bark brownish gray, longitudinally exfoliating. Branches spreading; branchlets with leaf scars. Leaves odd-pinnate, 2-pinnate or 3-pinnate, 20-40 cm; leaflets opposite; leaflet blades ovate, elliptic, or lanceolate, 3-7 × 2-3 cm but terminal one usually slightly larger, both surfaces with stellate trichomes when young but glabrescent, secondary veins 12-16 on each side of midvein, outspread and ascending, base ± oblique and cuneate to broadly cuneate, margin crenate or sometimes entire, apex shortly acuminate. Thyrses ± ca. 1/2 as long as leaves, glabrous or covered with short lepidote pubescence. Flowers fragrant. Calyx 5-parted; sepals ovate to oblong-ovate, outside puberulent, apex acute. Petals lilac-colored, obovate-spatulate, 0.9-1.3 cm, both surfaces puberulent but usually outside more densely so. Staminal tube purple, 7-8 mm, with longitudinal stripes, glabrous or subglabrous, apical margin with 10 narrow lobes; lobes conic, further 2- or 3-lobed; anthers 10, inserted on inner side of lobes and alternate to lobes, narrowly elliptic, apex slightly mucronulate. Ovary spherical, glabrous, 5-8-locular, with 2 ovules per locule; style acerose; stigma capitate, not included within filament tube, apex 5-dentate. Drupe globose to ellipsoid, 1-3 × 0.8-1.5 cm; endocarp ligneous. Seed ellipsoid. Fl. Mar-May, fr. Oct-Dec.

  • Provided by: [E].Flora Of CHina @ efloras.org
    • Source: [
    • 19
    • ]. 

    Melia azedarach L., Sp. Pl. 384. 1753.

    Arboles deciduos, hasta 5 m de alto, con indumento compuesto por una mezcla de tricomas estrellados y simples; polígamos. Hojas 15–35 cm de largo, 2–3-pinnadas, las pinnas opuestas; folíolos opuestos, lanceolados, profundamente serrados. Inflorescencias panículas axilares de muchas flores; cáliz profundamente 5-lobado; pétalos 5, oblongos, 7–9 mm de largo, libres e imbricados, rosados o lila; tubo estaminal 6–9 mm de largo, angostamente cilíndrico y ensanchado en la boca, terminando en 10 ó 20 apéndices delgados, anteras 10, con tricomas o glabras, dispuestas en el margen del tubo o apenas por dentro; nectario anular o pateliforme; ovario 4–8-locular, lóculos con 2 óvulos superpuestos, ápice del estilo capitado con 4–8 lobos diminutos. Fruto una drupa 3–6-locular, endocarpo grueso y óseo, hueco en la base y en el ápice, usualmente con 1 semilla; semillas oblongas, lateralmente comprimidas, carnosas.

    Frecuentemente cultivada como ornamental y naturalizada en bosques deciduos, en las zonas pacífica y norcentral; 0–1000 m; fl y fr durante todo el año; Moreno 383, 3052; nativa de Asia pero ampliamente cultivada y naturalizada. Un género paleotropical con 3 especies. "Paraíso".

  • Provided by: [C].Flora de Nicaragua
    • Source: [
    • 20
    • ]. 

    "Tree to 15 m, with broadly rounded crown; lfls numerous, ovate or lance-ovate, 3–7 cm, serrate, acuminate; fls lilac, in axillary panicles, the slender, spreading pet 1 cm; fr yellow, 1.5 cm thick, persistent; 2n=28. Native of Asia, escaped from cult. in se. U.S., as far n. as se. Va."

  • Provided by: [L].New York Botanical Garden
    • Source: [
    • 21
    • ]. 

    Morphology

    Abundant panicles of lilac flowers

  • Provided by: [M].Plants Of the World Online Portal - FWTA
    • Source: [
    • 8
    • ]. 

    Introduced for ornament and known as Persian Lilac.

  • Provided by: [M].Plants Of the World Online Portal - FWTA
    • Source: [
    • 8
    • ]. 

    A small tree

  • Provided by: [M].Plants Of the World Online Portal - FWTA
    • Source: [
    • 8
    • ]. 

    Leaves usually 2-, rarely 3-pinnate; petiole and rhachis up to 40 cm. long; leaflets up to 5·5 × 2·5 cm., opposite or subopposite, more or less lanceolate, apex acuminate or subacuminate, base asymmetric, margin rather deeply crenate or serrate, sparsely puberulous, glabrescent; petiolules up to 7 mm. long.

  • Provided by: [K].Plants Of the World Online Portal - FZ
    • Source: [
    • 17
    • ]. 

    Medium-sized rapidly growing short-lived deciduous tree up to 15 m. tall, sometimes flowering as a shrub; bark grey-brown, smooth.

  • Provided by: [K].Plants Of the World Online Portal - FZ
    • Source: [
    • 17
    • ]. 

    Drupe up to 2 × 1–5 cm.

  • Provided by: [K].Plants Of the World Online Portal - FZ
    • Source: [
    • 17
    • ]. 

    Staminal tube up to 7 mm. long, dark purple, glabrous outside, hairy inside, especially in the upper half; appendages c. 1 mm. long.

  • Provided by: [K].Plants Of the World Online Portal - FZ
    • Source: [
    • 17
    • ]. 

    Ovary less than 1 mm. in diam., 5 (7)-locular; style 4–5 mm. long.

  • Provided by: [K].Plants Of the World Online Portal - FZ
    • Source: [
    • 17
    • ]. 

    Calyx 2·5 mm. long, densely stellate-puberulous.

  • Provided by: [K].Plants Of the World Online Portal - FZ
    • Source: [
    • 17
    • ]. 

    Petals up to 8 × 3 mm., pale lilac, spathulate, sparsely puberulous outside with simple hairs, glabrous inside except for a few hairs towards apex.

  • Provided by: [K].Plants Of the World Online Portal - FZ
    • Source: [
    • 17
    • ]. 

    Flowers sweet-scented, in large many-flowered axillary cymose panicles.

  • Provided by: [K].Plants Of the World Online Portal - FZ
    • Source: [
    • 17
    • ]. 

    Drupe up to 2 × 1.5 cm., pale yellow; putamen with ± 5 longitudinal ridges and indistinct apical and basal depressions.

  • Provided by: [J].Plants Of the World Online Portal - FTEA
    • Source: [
    • 18
    • ]. 

    Fig. 4.

  • Provided by: [J].Plants Of the World Online Portal - FTEA
    • Source: [
    • 18
    • ]. 

    Calyx 0.25 cm. long, densely stellate puberulous.

  • Provided by: [J].Plants Of the World Online Portal - FTEA
    • Source: [
    • 18
    • ]. 

    Petals spathulate, up to 0.8 × 0.3 cm., pale lilac, sparsely puberulous outside with simple hairs, glabrous inside except for a few hairs towards apex.

  • Provided by: [J].Plants Of the World Online Portal - FTEA
    • Source: [
    • 18
    • ]. 

    Staminal tube up to 0.7 cm. long, dark purple, glabrous outside, hairy inside, especially in the upper half; appendages ± 0.1 cm. long.

  • Provided by: [J].Plants Of the World Online Portal - FTEA
    • Source: [
    • 18
    • ]. 

    Ovary less than 0.1 cm. in diameter, 5(–7)- locular; style 0.45 cm. long.

  • Provided by: [J].Plants Of the World Online Portal - FTEA
    • Source: [
    • 18
    • ]. 

    Medium-sized rapidly growing short-lived tree up to 15 m. tall, sometimes flowering as a shrub; bark grey-brown, smooth.

  • Provided by: [J].Plants Of the World Online Portal - FTEA
    • Source: [
    • 18
    • ]. 

    Inflorescence a large many-flowered axillary cymose panicle; flowers sweetly scented.

  • Provided by: [J].Plants Of the World Online Portal - FTEA
    • Source: [
    • 18
    • ]. 

    Leaves 2(–3)-pinnate; petiole and rhachis up to 40 cm. long; leaflets opposite or subopposite, ± lanceolate, up to 5.5 × 2.5 cm., apex acuminate or subacuminate, base asymmetric, margin rather deeply crenate or serrate, lower surface sparsely puberulous, glabrescent, petiolules up to 0.7 cm. long.

  • Provided by: [J].Plants Of the World Online Portal - FTEA
    • Source: [
    • 18
    • ]. 

    Deciduous tree, up to 15 m high. Leaves 2- or 3-pin-nate; leaflets lanceolate, up to 55 x 25 mm, apex acuminate, base asymmetrical. Inflorescence a panicle. Fruit a 3-8-locular drupe, yellow. Flowers pale lilac.

  • Provided by: [B].e-Flora of South Africa
    • Source: [
    • 22
    • ]. 

    Deciduous tree, up to 15 m high. Leaves 2- or 3-pinnate, imparipinnate; leaflet blade narrowly ovate, up to 55 x 25 mm, base asymmetrical, apex acuminate, margins serrate. Flowers: inflorescence a panicle, sprays heavily scented; staminal tube purplish; petals ± 10 mm long, pale lilac to dark purple; Aug.-Feb. Fruit a drupe, thinly fleshy, turning yellow and wrinkled with age.

  • Provided by: [B].e-Flora of South Africa
    • Source: [
    • 23
    • ]. 

    Medium-sized rapidly growing short-lived deciduous tree up to 15 m tall, sometimes flowering as a shrub. Leaves up to 400 mm long; leaflets up to 55 x 25 mm, more or less lanceolate, apex acuminate or subacuminate, margin rather deeply crenate or serrate; lower surface sparsely puberulous, glabrescent. Calyx 2.5 mm long, densely stellate-puberulous. Petals up to 8 x 3 mm, pale lilac, spathulate. Staminal tube up to 7 mm long, dark purple, glabrous outside, hairy inside; appendages c. 1 mm long. Drupe pale yellow, up to 20 x 10 mm.

  • Provided by: [B].e-Flora of South Africa
    • Source: [
    • 25
    • ]. 

    Habitat

    Kalahari Deciduous Acacia-wooded Grassland; Dry Grassland; Dwarf Karroid Shrubland; Zastron Moist Grassland. Disturbed places.

  • Provided by: [B].e-Flora of South Africa
    • Source: [
    • 23
    • ]. 

    It is the most widespread and agressive of the invasive introduced trees.

  • Provided by: [B].e-Flora of South Africa
    • Source: [
    • 25
    • ]. 

    Disturbed places.

  • Provided by: [B].e-Flora of South Africa
    • Source: [
    • 22
    • ]. 

    Distribution

    Native to India.

  • Provided by: [B].e-Flora of South Africa
    • Source: [
    • 22
    • ]. 

    Native to India.

  • Provided by: [B].e-Flora of South Africa
    • Source: [
    • 23
    • ]. 

    Distribution Map

     
    • Introduced distribution
    Introduced into
    • Southern America Brazil Acre
    • Amazonas
    • Parí
    • Rondônia
    • Roraima
    • Alagoas
    • Bahia
    • Ceará
    • Maranh
    • Paraába
    • Pernambuco
    • Piauá
    • Rio Grande do Norte
    • Sergipe
    • Paraní
    • Rio Grande do Sul
    • Santa Catarina
    • Espirito Santo
    • Minas Gerais
    • Rio de Janeiro
    • São Paulo
    • Brazilia Distrito Federal
    • Goiás
    • Mato Grosso
    • Mato Grosso do Sul

    Other Local Names

    NameLanguageCountry
    amargoseiraPortuguese
    sinamomoPortuguese

      Bibliography

     Information From

    MBG Floras Images
    http://www.tropicos.org/ImageSearch.aspx
    Flora images. Missouri Botanical Garden. Accessed on Jun. 2018.
    • A Missouri Botanical Garden
    e-Flora of South Africa
    e-Flora of South Africa. v1.21. 2018. South African National Biodiversity Institute. http://ipt.sanbi.org.za/iptsanbi/resource?r=flora_descriptions&v=1.21
    • B All Rights Reserved
    Flora de Nicaragua
    http://www.tropicos.org/projectwebportal.aspx?projectid=7&pagename=Home&langid=66
    WD Stevens, CU Ulloa, A Pool and OM Montiel. Missouri Botanical Garden Press, 2001
    • C Missouri Botanical Garden
    Brazilian Flora 2020 project - Projeto Flora do Brasil 2020
    http://floradobrasil.jbrj.gov.br
    Brazil Flora G (2014): Brazilian Flora 2020 project - Projeto Flora do Brasil 2020. v393.147. Instituto de Pesquisas Jardim Botanico do Rio de Janeiro. Dataset/Checklist. doi:10.15468/1mtkaw
    • D Group Brazil Flora, REFLORA Program
    Flora Of CHina @ efloras.org
    http://www.efloras.org/flora_page.aspx?flora_id=2
    'Flora of China @ eFloras (2008). Published on the Internet http://www.efloras.org/flora_page.aspx?flora_id=2 [accessed August 2016]' Missouri Botanical Garden, St. Louis, MO & Harvard University Herbaria, Cambridge, MA.
    • E Missouri Botanical Garden
    International Union for Conservation of Nature v.3
    https://www.iucnredlist.org/
    IUCN 2019. The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Version 2019-1.
    • F See IUCN Terms and conditions of use http://www.iucnredlist.org/info/terms-of-use
    International Union for Conservation of Nature
    https://www.iucn.org/
    IUCN 2016. IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Version 2016-2
    • G All Rights Reserved
    Global Tree Assessment
    http://www.bgci.org/
    BGCI. 2018. GlobalTreeSearch online database. Botanic Gardens Conservation International. Richmond, U.K. Available at www.bgci.org. Accessed on 30/11/2018.
    • H Botanic Gardens Conservation International
    Meliaceae
    World Flora Online Data. 2017.
    • I CC0 1.0 Universal (CC0 1.0).
    Plants Of the World Online Portal - FTEA
    https://www.kew.org/science/who-we-are-and-what-we-do/strategic-outputs-2020/plants-of-the-world-online
    http://www.plantsoftheworldonline.org/terms-and-conditions
    • J
    Plants Of the World Online Portal - FZ
    https://www.kew.org/science/who-we-are-and-what-we-do/strategic-outputs-2020/plants-of-the-world-online
    http://www.plantsoftheworldonline.org/terms-and-conditions
    • K
    New York Botanical Garden
    Descriptions of plants should be attributed to the full citation for each individual article, chapter or book that is the source for each record, which should include the authors of original publication.
    • L Content licensed under Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike 3.0 Unported License
    Plants Of the World Online Portal - FWTA
    https://www.kew.org/science/who-we-are-and-what-we-do/strategic-outputs-2020/plants-of-the-world-online
    http://www.plantsoftheworldonline.org/terms-and-conditions
    • M The Trustees of the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew
    World Flora Online consortium
    http://www.worldfloraonline.org/organisation/WFO
    World Flora Online Data. 2018.
    • N CC0 1.0 Universal (CC0 1.0).