Melia azedarach L.
  • Sp. Pl.
  • Pride of India


Cite taxon page as 'WFO (2020): Melia azedarach L. Published on the Internet;http://www.worldfloraonline.org/taxon/wfo-0000450150. Accessed on: 02 Dec 2020'

General Information

Trees to 10 m tall, deciduous. Bark brownish gray, longitudinally exfoliating. Branches spreading; branchlets with leaf scars. Leaves odd-pinnate, 2-pinnate or 3-pinnate, 20-40 cm; leaflets opposite; leaflet blades ovate, elliptic, or lanceolate, 3-7 × 2-3 cm but terminal one usually slightly larger, both surfaces with stellate trichomes when young but glabrescent, secondary veins 12-16 on each side of midvein, outspread and ascending, base ± oblique and cuneate to broadly cuneate, margin crenate or sometimes entire, apex shortly acuminate. Thyrses ± ca. 1/2 as long as leaves, glabrous or covered with short lepidote pubescence. Flowers fragrant. Calyx 5-parted; sepals ovate to oblong-ovate, outside puberulent, apex acute. Petals lilac-colored, obovate-spatulate, 0.9-1.3 cm, both surfaces puberulent but usually outside more densely so. Staminal tube purple, 7-8 mm, with longitudinal stripes, glabrous or subglabrous, apical margin with 10 narrow lobes; lobes conic, further 2- or 3-lobed; anthers 10, inserted on inner side of lobes and alternate to lobes, narrowly elliptic, apex slightly mucronulate. Ovary spherical, glabrous, 5-8-locular, with 2 ovules per locule; style acerose; stigma capitate, not included within filament tube, apex 5-dentate. Drupe globose to ellipsoid, 1-3 × 0.8-1.5 cm; endocarp ligneous. Seed ellipsoid. Fl. Mar-May, fr. Oct-Dec.

  • Provided by: [I].Flora Of CHina @ efloras.org
    • Source: [
    • 19
    • ]. 

    Melia azedarach L., Sp. Pl. 384. 1753.

    Arboles deciduos, hasta 5 m de alto, con indumento compuesto por una mezcla de tricomas estrellados y simples; polígamos. Hojas 15–35 cm de largo, 2–3-pinnadas, las pinnas opuestas; folíolos opuestos, lanceolados, profundamente serrados. Inflorescencias panículas axilares de muchas flores; cáliz profundamente 5-lobado; pétalos 5, oblongos, 7–9 mm de largo, libres e imbricados, rosados o lila; tubo estaminal 6–9 mm de largo, angostamente cilíndrico y ensanchado en la boca, terminando en 10 ó 20 apéndices delgados, anteras 10, con tricomas o glabras, dispuestas en el margen del tubo o apenas por dentro; nectario anular o pateliforme; ovario 4–8-locular, lóculos con 2 óvulos superpuestos, ápice del estilo capitado con 4–8 lobos diminutos. Fruto una drupa 3–6-locular, endocarpo grueso y óseo, hueco en la base y en el ápice, usualmente con 1 semilla; semillas oblongas, lateralmente comprimidas, carnosas.

    Frecuentemente cultivada como ornamental y naturalizada en bosques deciduos, en las zonas pacífica y norcentral; 0–1000 m; fl y fr durante todo el año; Moreno 383, 3052; nativa de Asia pero ampliamente cultivada y naturalizada. Un género paleotropical con 3 especies. "Paraíso".

  • Provided by: [F].Flora de Nicaragua
    • Source: [
    • 20
    • ]. 

    "Tree to 15 m, with broadly rounded crown; lfls numerous, ovate or lance-ovate, 3–7 cm, serrate, acuminate; fls lilac, in axillary panicles, the slender, spreading pet 1 cm; fr yellow, 1.5 cm thick, persistent; 2n=28. Native of Asia, escaped from cult. in se. U.S., as far n. as se. Va."

  • Provided by: [P].New York Botanical Garden
    • Source: [
    • 21
    • ]. 

    Tree, up to 12 m tall; young shoots tomentose. Leaves 2-(3)-pinnate, up to 60 cm long; leaflets opposite, elliptic, 2.5-5 cm long, 5-19 mm broad, serrate to sub-serrate, acuminate, often oblique, sub-sessile. Flowers lilac, sweet-scented, in axillary panicles; pedicel 2-3 mm long, puberulous. Calyx 5-6-lobed; lobes c. 2 mm long, acute, pubescent. Petals 7-9 mm long, spathulate to lanceolate, ciliate, imbricate in bud. Staminal tube 6-7 mm long, cylindrical, expanded at the base and apex, 10-striate, with 20 teeth at the apex; anthers sessile, 1 bet¬ween each pair of teeth. Disc glabrous, fused with the ovary base. Ovary usually 5-locular; style 4-5 mm long; stigma capitate. Drupe 1.5-2 cm long, globose, 3-6-seeded, yellow when ripe.

  • Provided by: [D].Flora of Pakistan
    • Source: [
    • 23
    • ]. 

    Morphology

    Abundant panicles of lilac flowers

  • Provided by: [Q].Plants Of the World Online Portal - FWTA
    • Source: [
    • 8
    • ]. 

    Introduced for ornament and known as Persian Lilac.

  • Provided by: [Q].Plants Of the World Online Portal - FWTA
    • Source: [
    • 8
    • ]. 

    A small tree

  • Provided by: [Q].Plants Of the World Online Portal - FWTA
    • Source: [
    • 8
    • ]. 

    Leaves usually 2-, rarely 3-pinnate; petiole and rhachis up to 40 cm. long; leaflets up to 5·5 × 2·5 cm., opposite or subopposite, more or less lanceolate, apex acuminate or subacuminate, base asymmetric, margin rather deeply crenate or serrate, sparsely puberulous, glabrescent; petiolules up to 7 mm. long.

  • Provided by: [O].Plants Of the World Online Portal - FZ
    • Source: [
    • 17
    • ]. 

    Medium-sized rapidly growing short-lived deciduous tree up to 15 m. tall, sometimes flowering as a shrub; bark grey-brown, smooth.

  • Provided by: [O].Plants Of the World Online Portal - FZ
    • Source: [
    • 17
    • ]. 

    Drupe up to 2 × 1–5 cm.

  • Provided by: [O].Plants Of the World Online Portal - FZ
    • Source: [
    • 17
    • ]. 

    Staminal tube up to 7 mm. long, dark purple, glabrous outside, hairy inside, especially in the upper half; appendages c. 1 mm. long.

  • Provided by: [O].Plants Of the World Online Portal - FZ
    • Source: [
    • 17
    • ]. 

    Ovary less than 1 mm. in diam., 5 (7)-locular; style 4–5 mm. long.

  • Provided by: [O].Plants Of the World Online Portal - FZ
    • Source: [
    • 17
    • ]. 

    Calyx 2·5 mm. long, densely stellate-puberulous.

  • Provided by: [O].Plants Of the World Online Portal - FZ
    • Source: [
    • 17
    • ]. 

    Petals up to 8 × 3 mm., pale lilac, spathulate, sparsely puberulous outside with simple hairs, glabrous inside except for a few hairs towards apex.

  • Provided by: [O].Plants Of the World Online Portal - FZ
    • Source: [
    • 17
    • ]. 

    Flowers sweet-scented, in large many-flowered axillary cymose panicles.

  • Provided by: [O].Plants Of the World Online Portal - FZ
    • Source: [
    • 17
    • ]. 

    Drupe up to 2 × 1.5 cm., pale yellow; putamen with ± 5 longitudinal ridges and indistinct apical and basal depressions.

  • Provided by: [N].Plants Of the World Online Portal - FTEA
    • Source: [
    • 18
    • ]. 

    Fig. 4.

  • Provided by: [N].Plants Of the World Online Portal - FTEA
    • Source: [
    • 18
    • ]. 

    Calyx 0.25 cm. long, densely stellate puberulous.

  • Provided by: [N].Plants Of the World Online Portal - FTEA
    • Source: [
    • 18
    • ]. 

    Petals spathulate, up to 0.8 × 0.3 cm., pale lilac, sparsely puberulous outside with simple hairs, glabrous inside except for a few hairs towards apex.

  • Provided by: [N].Plants Of the World Online Portal - FTEA
    • Source: [
    • 18
    • ]. 

    Staminal tube up to 0.7 cm. long, dark purple, glabrous outside, hairy inside, especially in the upper half; appendages ± 0.1 cm. long.

  • Provided by: [N].Plants Of the World Online Portal - FTEA
    • Source: [
    • 18
    • ]. 

    Ovary less than 0.1 cm. in diameter, 5(–7)- locular; style 0.45 cm. long.

  • Provided by: [N].Plants Of the World Online Portal - FTEA
    • Source: [
    • 18
    • ]. 

    Medium-sized rapidly growing short-lived tree up to 15 m. tall, sometimes flowering as a shrub; bark grey-brown, smooth.

  • Provided by: [N].Plants Of the World Online Portal - FTEA
    • Source: [
    • 18
    • ]. 

    Inflorescence a large many-flowered axillary cymose panicle; flowers sweetly scented.

  • Provided by: [N].Plants Of the World Online Portal - FTEA
    • Source: [
    • 18
    • ]. 

    Leaves 2(–3)-pinnate; petiole and rhachis up to 40 cm. long; leaflets opposite or subopposite, ± lanceolate, up to 5.5 × 2.5 cm., apex acuminate or subacuminate, base asymmetric, margin rather deeply crenate or serrate, lower surface sparsely puberulous, glabrescent, petiolules up to 0.7 cm. long.

  • Provided by: [N].Plants Of the World Online Portal - FTEA
    • Source: [
    • 18
    • ]. 

    Deciduous tree, up to 15 m high. Leaves 2- or 3-pin-nate; leaflets lanceolate, up to 55 x 25 mm, apex acuminate, base asymmetrical. Inflorescence a panicle. Fruit a 3-8-locular drupe, yellow. Flowers pale lilac.

  • Provided by: [E].e-Flora of South Africa
    • Source: [
    • 22
    • ]. 

    Arbre'de ± 15 m de haut.'Feuilles'2-3-pennées, atteignant 35 cm de long; folioles 3-9; pétiolule de 2-10 mm de long, pubérulent à glabre; limbe ovale à lancéolé, cunéiforme à arrondi et souvent dyssymétrique à la base, acuminé au sommet, obtusément denté, de 3-8 cm de long et 1-3 cm de large, glabre ou glabrescent; nervures secondaires 8-12 paires, peu visibles.'Panicules'lâches de cymes.'Fleurs'courtement pédicellées; sépales 5, de 1,5-2 mm de long, pubérulents; pétales 5, de ±8 mm de long, pubérulents; tube staminal cylindrique, évasé au sommet, glabre à la face externe, pubescent à la face interne, de ± 7 mm de long, terminé par 20 dents parfois échancrées de 1-1,5 mm de long; anthères 10, étroitement oblongues, apiculées, de 1,5 mm de long; ovaire globuleux, de 1 mm de long, glabre, 5-loculaire; style de 6 mm de long, pubérulent; stigmate de ± 1 mm de long, à peine plus large que le style et situé sous le niveau des anthères.'Drupes'ellipsoïdes, brunes ou noires, de 1-1,5 cm de long, glabres, 1-5-loculaires.'Graines'noires, de ± 6 mm de long.'Plantule à hypocotyle de ± 4 cm de long, glabre; cotylédons oblongs, minces; épicotyle de 1-2 cm de long, légèrement pubérulent; 2 premières feuilles opposées, 3-foliolées, à pétiole légèrement pubérulent et folioles profondément lobées; les suivantes alternes, à pennes de plus en plus nombreuses, très rapidement bipennées, ressemblant aux feuilles adultes et ± indumentées (H.P.Y. 1875, 1969).

  • Provided by: [G].Flore d'Afrique Centrale
    • Source: [
    • 25
    • ]. 

    Deciduous tree, up to 15 m high. Leaves 2- or 3-pinnate, imparipinnate; leaflet blade narrowly ovate, up to 55 x 25 mm, base asymmetrical, apex acuminate, margins serrate. Flowers: inflorescence a panicle, sprays heavily scented; staminal tube purplish; petals ± 10 mm long, pale lilac to dark purple; Aug.-Feb. Fruit a drupe, thinly fleshy, turning yellow and wrinkled with age.

  • Provided by: [E].e-Flora of South Africa
    • Source: [
    • 26
    • ]. 

    Medium-sized rapidly growing short-lived deciduous tree up to 15 m tall, sometimes flowering as a shrub. Leaves up to 400 mm long; leaflets up to 55 x 25 mm, more or less lanceolate, apex acuminate or subacuminate, margin rather deeply crenate or serrate; lower surface sparsely puberulous, glabrescent. Calyx 2.5 mm long, densely stellate-puberulous. Petals up to 8 x 3 mm, pale lilac, spathulate. Staminal tube up to 7 mm long, dark purple, glabrous outside, hairy inside; appendages c. 1 mm long. Drupe pale yellow, up to 20 x 10 mm.

  • Provided by: [E].e-Flora of South Africa
    • Source: [
    • 28
    • ]. 

    Habit

    Melia azedarach grows as a large shrub to small tree to 15 m in height. The pinnately compound leaves are arranged alternately, up to 40 cm in length. The leaflets are up to 6 cm in length, ovate with a crenate/serrate leaf margin and an acute leaf apex. The complete, perfect, actinomorphic flowers are arranged in terminal panicles. The calyx has 5 green, unfused, pubescent sepals. The corolla has 5 white or lavender, pubescent, unfused petals. There are 10-12, fused into a purple tube, stamens that are pubescent interiorly. There is a superior ovary with many locules and ovules. The fruit is a yellow drupe at maturity.

  • Provided by: [C].Leon Levy Native Plant Preserve
    • Source: [
    • 24
    • ]. 

    Habitat

    Disturbed places.

  • Provided by: [E].e-Flora of South Africa
    • Source: [
    • 22
    • ]. 

    Melia azedarach grows in Human Altered environments (yards, roadsides, abandoned fields).

  • Provided by: [C].Leon Levy Native Plant Preserve
    • Source: [
    • 24
    • ]. 

    Kalahari Deciduous Acacia-wooded Grassland; Dry Grassland; Dwarf Karroid Shrubland; Zastron Moist Grassland. Disturbed places.

  • Provided by: [E].e-Flora of South Africa
    • Source: [
    • 26
    • ]. 

    It is the most widespread and agressive of the invasive introduced trees.

  • Provided by: [E].e-Flora of South Africa
    • Source: [
    • 28
    • ]. 

    Distribution

    Native to India.

  • Provided by: [E].e-Flora of South Africa
    • Source: [
    • 22
    • ]. 

    Melia azedarach is NOT native to the Lucayan Archipelago. It is native to the Indian subcontinent, Asia and Australia. Is now spread throughout the world as an INVASIVE species.

  • Provided by: [C].Leon Levy Native Plant Preserve
    • Source: [
    • 24
    • ]. 

    Originaire de l'Inde et répandu dans toutes les régions tropicales et subtropicales, fréquent au Congo belge

  • Provided by: [G].Flore d'Afrique Centrale
    • Source: [
    • 25
    • ]. 

    Native to India.

  • Provided by: [E].e-Flora of South Africa
    • Source: [
    • 26
    • ]. 

    Uses

    Melia azedarach is not known to be used medicinally in the Lucayan Archipelago.It is used in the horticultural industry and is now escaping from yards.

  • Provided by: [C].Leon Levy Native Plant Preserve
    • Source: [
    • 24
    • ]. 

    Arbre d'ornement connu sous le nom de lilas de Perse.

  • Provided by: [G].Flore d'Afrique Centrale
    • Source: [
    • 25
    • ]. 

    Distribution Map

     
    • Introduced distribution
    Introduced into
    • Southern America Brazil Acre
    • Amazonas
    • Parí
    • Rondônia
    • Roraima
    • Alagoas
    • Bahia
    • Ceará
    • Maranh
    • Paraába
    • Pernambuco
    • Piauá
    • Rio Grande do Norte
    • Sergipe
    • Paraní
    • Rio Grande do Sul
    • Santa Catarina
    • Espirito Santo
    • Minas Gerais
    • Rio de Janeiro
    • São Paulo
    • Brazilia Distrito Federal
    • Goiás
    • Mato Grosso
    • Mato Grosso do Sul

    Nationally Preferred Names

    NameLanguageCountry
    Pride of IndiaEnglishBS
    China BerryEnglishBS

    Other Local Names

    NameLanguageCountry
    amargoseiraPortuguese
    sinamomoPortuguese

      Bibliography

     Information From

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    • A Missouri Botanical Garden
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    http://www.levypreserve.org
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    • B Ethan Freid All rights Preserved
    • C Leon Levy Native Plant Preserve. All rights Preserved
    Flora of Pakistan
    http://www.tropicos.org/Project/Pakistan
    Flora of Pakistan. Missouri Botanical Garden. Accessed on Jun. 2020.
    • D Missouri Botanical Garden
    e-Flora of South Africa
    e-Flora of South Africa. v1.21. 2018. South African National Biodiversity Institute. http://ipt.sanbi.org.za/iptsanbi/resource?r=flora_descriptions&v=1.21
    • E All Rights Reserved
    Flora de Nicaragua
    http://www.tropicos.org/projectwebportal.aspx?projectid=7&pagename=Home&langid=66
    WD Stevens, CU Ulloa, A Pool and OM Montiel. Missouri Botanical Garden Press, 2001
    • F Missouri Botanical Garden
    Flore d'Afrique Centrale
    https://www.floredafriquecentrale.be
    • G http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/ Attribution 4.0 International (CC BY 4.0)
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    http://floradobrasil.jbrj.gov.br
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    • I Missouri Botanical Garden
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    • J See IUCN Terms and conditions of use http://www.iucnredlist.org/info/terms-of-use
    International Union for Conservation of Nature
    https://www.iucn.org/
    IUCN 2016. IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Version 2016-2
    • K All Rights Reserved
    Global Tree Search
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    • L Botanic Gardens Conservation International
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    • M CC0 1.0 Universal (CC0 1.0).
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    http://www.plantsoftheworldonline.org/terms-and-conditions
    • N
    Plants Of the World Online Portal - FZ
    https://www.kew.org/science/who-we-are-and-what-we-do/strategic-outputs-2020/plants-of-the-world-online
    http://www.plantsoftheworldonline.org/terms-and-conditions
    • O
    New York Botanical Garden
    Descriptions of plants should be attributed to the full citation for each individual article, chapter or book that is the source for each record, which should include the authors of original publication.
    • P Content licensed under Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike 3.0 Unported License
    Plants Of the World Online Portal - FWTA
    https://www.kew.org/science/who-we-are-and-what-we-do/strategic-outputs-2020/plants-of-the-world-online
    http://www.plantsoftheworldonline.org/terms-and-conditions
    • Q The Trustees of the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew
    World Flora Online consortium
    http://www.worldfloraonline.org/organisation/WFO
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    • R CC0 1.0 Universal (CC0 1.0).