Myristica fragrans Houtt.
  • Handl. Pl.-Kruidk.


Cite taxon page as 'WFO (2020): Myristica fragrans Houtt. Published on the Internet;http://www.worldfloraonline.org/taxon/wfo-0000447317. Accessed on: 06 Apr 2020'

General Information

Small trees, to 10 m tall; branches slender, minutely pubescent, early glabrescent. Petiole 6-12 mm; leaf blade elliptic or elliptic-lanceolate, 4-8 cm, nearly leathery, both surfaces glabrous, base broadly cuneate or nearly rounded, apex shortly acuminate; lateral veins 6-10 pairs. Male inflorescences 2.5-5 cm, glabrous, shortly peduncled, simple or forked, with 4-8 or more flowers on slender branches. Male flowers: pedicel 10-15 mm; bracteole caducous; perianth trigonous-ovoid, 5-7 mm, lobes 3(or 4), with minute tomentum outside; anthers 9-12; synandrium ca. 5 mm, column ca. 2 mm, sterile apex ca. 0.5 mm. Female inflorescences 1- or few flowered. Female flowers: pedicel 8-12 mm; bracteole inserted on base of perianth, leaving ringlike scar after abscission; perianth ca. 6 × 4 mm; ovary ellipsoid, with dense rusty pubescence; style extremely short; stigmas 2, minute. Fruiting pedicel 10-15 mm. Fruits 1 or 2, orange or yellow, pyriform or subglobose, 3.5-5 cm in diam. Seeds ellipsoid, 2-3 × ca. 2 cm; aril red, irregularly deeply lacerate; cotyledons short, curled, connate at base.

  • Provided by: [C].Flora Of CHina @ efloras.org
    • Source: [
    • 1
    • ]. 

    Myristica fragrans Houtt., Nat. Hist. 2: 333. 1774.

    Arboles. Hojas elípticas, 5–16 cm de largo y 2–6 cm de ancho, ápice acuminado, base cuneada, cartáceas, más claras en el envés, glabras excepto por unas escamas diminutas. Inflorescencia axilar, irregularmente umbelada, con 2–5 flores, pedúnculo a veces ligeramente bifurcado en el ápice; tépalos 4–7 mm de largo; anteras 4–10. Fruto elipsoide, 4–6 cm de largo y 3–4 cm de ancho; semilla cubierta por un arilo rojo y laciniado.

    Ocasionalmente cultivada, Zelaya; fl y fr ago; Medina 46; nativa del sureste de Asia. El género consta de ca 75 especies, todas de Asia tropical. "Nuez moscada".

  • Provided by: [E].Flora de Nicaragua
    • Source: [
    • 2
    • ]. 

    Aromatic, dioecious, glabrate trees to 20 m. high, the older bark rather smooth and olivaceous, mottled with white, the younger branches often mottled with red. Leaves subcoriaceous, glabrous, lanceolate to ovate or obovate, apically acute to acuminate, basally acute, 6-12 cm. long, 3-6 cm. broad, with usually 6-11 pairs of secondary veins, the tertiary nerves obscure, not conspicuously perpendicular to the midrib, the petioles 5-15 mm. long, ca. 1 mm. broad. Staminate flowers 1 to few in dichotomous cymes; pedicels glabrous, 5-15 mm. long; bracts ca. 1 mm. long; perianth tardily 3-parted, 3-7 mm. long; anthers 12-30, 2-3 mm. long, dorsally co- herent to the column, the infra-antheral portion of the column 1-2 mm. long. Pistillate flowers solitary or rarely paired in the axils; pedicels glabrous, 5-15 mm. long; bracts ca. 1 mm. long; perianth accrescent, tardily 3-parted, the segments del- toid, the subsessile stigma obscurely 2-lobed. Fruit fleshy, ovoid to pyriform, the pericarp splitting longitudinally into 2 valves, 3-6 cm. long, 2.5-4.5 cm. broad; seed 1.5-4.5 cm. long, 1.0-2.5 cm. broad, the laciniate aril reddish.

  • Provided by: [D].Flora de Panama
    • Source: [
    • 3
    • ]. 

    Habit

    trees

  • Provided by: [D].Flora de Panama
    • Source: [
    • 3
    • ]. 

    Distribution

    Native to the Moluccas, widely cultivated in tropical America.

  • Provided by: [D].Flora de Panama
    • Source: [
    • 3
    • ]. 

     Information From

    MBG Floras Images
    http://www.tropicos.org/ImageSearch.aspx
    Flora images. Missouri Botanical Garden. Accessed on Jun. 2018.
    • A Missouri Botanical Garden
    • B Missouri Botanical Garden
    Flora Of CHina @ efloras.org
    http://www.efloras.org/flora_page.aspx?flora_id=2
    'Flora of China @ eFloras (2008). Published on the Internet http://www.efloras.org/flora_page.aspx?flora_id=2 [accessed August 2016]' Missouri Botanical Garden, St. Louis, MO & Harvard University Herbaria, Cambridge, MA.
    • C Missouri Botanical Garden
    Flora de Panama
    http://www.tropicos.org/Project/PAC
    Robert E. Woodson, Jr. and Robert W. Schery Annals of the Missouri Botanical Garden Vol. 67, No. 4 (1980), pp. ii-xxxiii
    • D Missouri Botanical Garden
    Flora de Nicaragua
    http://www.tropicos.org/projectwebportal.aspx?projectid=7&pagename=Home&langid=66
    WD Stevens, CU Ulloa, A Pool and OM Montiel. Missouri Botanical Garden Press, 2001
    • E Missouri Botanical Garden
    Global Tree Assessment
    http://www.bgci.org/
    BGCI. 2018. GlobalTreeSearch online database. Botanic Gardens Conservation International. Richmond, U.K. Available at www.bgci.org. Accessed on 30/11/2018.
    • F Botanic Gardens Conservation International
    International Union for Conservation of Nature
    https://www.iucn.org/
    IUCN 2016. IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Version 2016-2
    • G All Rights Reserved
    International Union for Conservation of Nature v.3
    https://www.iucnredlist.org/
    IUCN 2019. The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Version 2019-1.
    • H See IUCN Terms and conditions of use http://www.iucnredlist.org/info/terms-of-use
    Myristicaceae
    World Flora Online Data. 2017.
    • I CC0 1.0 Universal (CC0 1.0).
    World Flora Online consortium
    http://www.worldfloraonline.org/organisation/WFO
    World Flora Online Data. 2018.
    • J CC0 1.0 Universal (CC0 1.0).