Brunellia darienensis Cuatrec. & D.M.Porter
  • Phytologia


Cite taxon page as 'WFO (2019): Brunellia darienensis Cuatrec. & D.M.Porter. Published on the Internet;http://www.worldfloraonline.org/taxon/wfo-0000440017. Accessed on: 19 Nov 2019'

General Information

3. Brunellia darienensis Cuatrec. et D.M. Porter, Phytologia 26: 485 (1973). Holotipo: Panamá, Duke y Elias 13850 (MO!). Ilustr.: Cuatrecasas, Fl. Neotrop. 2(Suppl.): 54, t. 9 (1985).

Por S. Knapp.

Árboles 3-10 m; ramitas aplanadas, diminutamente pelosas; vástagos y hojas pelosos, los vástagos c. 0.5 mm, con tricomas erectos o adpresos, las hojas densamente adpreso pelosas con tricomas rosados. Estípulas geminadas, 2-4 mm, subuladas, densa a esparcidamente adpreso pelosas, dejando una línea interpeciolar. Hojas 18-32 cm; pecíolo 5-12 cm, esparcidamente adpreso peloso, glabrescente; eje esparcidamente adpreso peloso, glabro en el sulco, los tricomas c. 0.5 mm; separación entre pares de pinnas 2.5-5.5 cm; pinnas (4-)5-6(-7) pares; estipelas geminadas, 2.5-3 mm, subuladas, esparcidamente pelosas con tricomas adpresos; folíolos 8-19 × 3-8.5 cm, elípticos, glabros en el haz, esparcidamente pelosos y ocasionalmente blanco papilosos en el envés, la base aguda a obtusa, no oblicua, los márgenes crenado-serrados, no revolutos, el ápice acuminado, frecuentemente abruptamente; peciólulos 2-5 mm; nervadura marcada, con 13-15 pares de nervaduras primarias, rojizas cuando secas. Inflorescencias 6-12(-21) cm, ramificadas, las ramas robustas, diminutamente adpreso pelosas, las bractéolas 0.5-1 mm, subuladas, adpreso pelosas, prontamente caducas, los pedicelos 1.5-4 mm, agrupados cerca de las puntas de las ramas, articulados variadamente en el 1/3 inferior. Flores bisexuales o muy ocasionalmente pistiladas, 5-meras; flores bisexuales con el cáliz 4-5 mm de diámetro, los lobos c. 2 mm, triangulares, diminuta y esparcidamente adpreso pelosos abaxialmente, densamente pelosos adaxialmente sobre toda la superficie, el estilo 1-1.5 mm,los filamentos 2-2.5 mm, densamente pelosos con tricomas enrollados en el 1/2 inferior, las anteras c. 0.5 mm, elipsoidales, versátiles; flores pistiladas similares pero con estaminodios diminutos. Folículos 5 o menos por aborto, 2-2.5 mm, densamente pelosos con tricomas muy cortos, erectos, blanquecinos, el endocarpo cartilaginoso, color crema; semillas c. 1.5 mm, ovoides, aplanadas en la punta, pardo-rojizas. Selvas altas perennifolias. CR ( Morales y Lépiz 2702, MO); P ( Miller et al. 874, MO). 200-1200 m. (Endémica.)

  • Provided by: [C].Flora Mesoamericana
    • Source: [
    • 2
    • 1
    • ]. 

    Small tree; terminal branches leafy, dark green, subterete, slightly or incon- spicuously striolate, glabrescent, the branchlets of this year's growth green, flattened, striate, slightly puberulent. Leaves opposite, odd-pinnate, pubescent, 16-34 cm long; petioles gradually enlarging basally, adaxially more or less sul- cate, otherwise slightly striolate, 5.5-11 cm long; rachis for the most part nar- rowly sulcate, keeled distally, the interjuge 2.5-4.5 cm long; stipels paired, moderately thick, subulate, acute, sparingly pilosulous, ca. 2 mm long; leaflets 11-15, elliptic-oblong, acuminate and attenuate apically, asymmetrical and ob- tuse basally, chartaceous, the margin simply crenate-serrate, the teeth ascending, obtuse, callose, minute, mostly 8-12 mm apart, the blade adaxially somewhat smooth, shiny, slightly puberulent, the midvein and secondary veins prominulent, conspicuously of another color than the lamina, abaxially dull, moderately pu- bescent, conspicuously so at the veins, the midvein pale yellow, well-elevated, the secondary veins 13-15 per side, pale yellow, prominent, parallel and ascend- ing at a 40-50? angle, slightly curved, terminating in the callosaties of the mar- ginal teeth, the lateral leaflets 10-15 cm long and 3-4.2 cm wide, the basals 8 cm long and 2.5 cm wide, the acumens subulate, acute, 1.5-2 cm long, the petiolules dilated basally, sulcate above, slightly puberulent, the laterals 5-6 mm long, the terminal 12-20 mm long; stipules paired, lanceolate-acuminate, pubescent apically, 4-5 mm long and 1 mm wide basally. Panicles cymose, to 15 cm long and 7 cm wide in fruit, the branches slender, flattened, striolate, spreading, sparsely puberulent; pedicels terete, slender, rigid, sparsely subadpressed-pu- berulent, 2-4 mm long, articulated with the branches; bracteoles caducous, ab- sent. Flowers 5-merous, bisexual; calyx expanding in fruit to ca. 6 mm in diam- eter, the lobes ovate, acute, adaxially minutely papillose-strigose apically and on the margin, abaxially minutely and sparsely strigose-puberulent, 2-2.2 mm long and 1.5-1.7 mm wide; stamens with the filaments dilated basally, densely bispidulous, 2-2.5 mm long, the anthers 0.5 mm long; ovary densely sericeous, the trichomes antrorse, longer apically. Follicles ovoid-ellipsoid, slightly com- pressed, apiculate, 3 mm long and 2.5 mm wide, minutely pubescent, the tri- chomes somewhat longer apically, spreading-ascending, the proximal part of

  • Provided by: [B].Flora de Panama
    • Source: [
    • 3
    • ]. 

    the stylodium persisting, rigid, spreading, 1-1.5 mm long, often all 5 developed and forming a stellate polyfollicle 5 mm in diameter at maturity; endocarp el- lipsoid, cartilaginous, punctate, insertion obtuse, 2 mm long and 1.8 mm wide, 1.5 mm thick, open U-formed when dry; seeds 1 per follicle, ellipsoid-ovoid, somewhat compressed, shining, brown, 1.8 mm long and 1.6 mm wide, 1.2 mm thick

  • Provided by: [B].Flora de Panama
    • Source: [
    • 3
    • ]. 

    Habit

    tree

  • Provided by: [B].Flora de Panama
    • Source: [
    • 3
    • ]. 

    Distribution

    Endemic to Panama

  • Provided by: [B].Flora de Panama
    • Source: [
    • 3
    • ]. 

     Information From

    Brunelliaceae
    World Flora Online Data. 2017.
    • A CC0 1.0 Universal (CC0 1.0).
    Flora de Panama
    http://www.tropicos.org/Project/PAC
    Robert E. Woodson, Jr. and Robert W. Schery Annals of the Missouri Botanical Garden Vol. 67, No. 4 (1980), pp. ii-xxxiii
    • B Missouri Botanical Garden
    Flora Mesoamericana
    http://www.mobot.org/MOBOT/fm/
    Gerrit Davidse, Mario Sousa Sánchez, A. O. Chater, Universidad Nacional Autónoma de México. Instituto de Biología, Missouri Botanical Garden, Natural History Museum (London, England) UNAM, 1994
    • C Missouri Botanical Garden
    International Union for Conservation of Nature
    https://www.iucn.org/
    IUCN 2016. IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Version 2016-2
    • D All Rights Reserved
    International Union for Conservation of Nature v.3
    https://www.iucnredlist.org/
    IUCN 2019. The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Version 2019-1.
    • E See IUCN Terms and conditions of use http://www.iucnredlist.org/info/terms-of-use