Sambucus nigra L.
  • Sp. Pl.
  • Trom


Cite taxon page as 'WFO (2020): Sambucus nigra L. Published on the Internet;http://www.worldfloraonline.org/taxon/wfo-0000439308. Accessed on: 04 Dec 2020'

General Information

A small tree, up to 10 m tall. Stem lenticellate. Leaves exstipulate or stipules inconspicuous; leaflets 5-7, oval to ovate, 3-7 x 1.5-4 cm; margin serrate; apex acute; surface glabrous to strigose; veins strigose. Inflorescence corymbose, up to 15 cm in diameter. Pedicel jointed. Bracteole minute, glandular below the joint. Hypanthium turbinate, c. 1 mm long. Calyx 5-toothed, minute. Corolla rotate with 5, almost round lobes; lobe 1.5 mm long, 3-nerved. Anthers oblong, 1 mm long, filament 2 mm long. Stigmas 3, almost sessile. Fruit globose, black, 5-6 mm in diameter. Pyrenes oblong, 3.5 mm long, surface rugose.

  • Provided by: [D].Flora of Pakistan
    • Source: [
    • 2
    • ]. 

    Morphology

    Bis 7 m hoher Strauch oder Baum. Äste mit weissem Mark. Blätter gegenständig, gefiedert, mit meist 5 Teilblättern, diese breit-lanzettlich, zugespitzt, fein gezähnt, meist asymmetrisch, 5–10 cm lang. Blüten in wenig gewölbten doldigen Rispen. Kr

  • Provided by: [B].Flora Helvetica – Illustrierte Flora der Schweiz
    • Ecology

      5–6. Waldschläge, Gebüsche, oft auch angepflanzt, kollin-montan. CH.

    • Provided by: [B].Flora Helvetica – Illustrierte Flora der Schweiz
      • Source: [
      • 1
      • ]. 

      Distribution Map

       
      • Native distribution
      • Introduced distribution
      Found in
      • Europe Northern Europe Ireland
      Introduced into
      • Southern America Brazil Acre
      • Amapí
      • Amazonas
      • Parí
      • Bahia
      • Ceará
      • Paraába
      • Piauá
      • Rio Grande do Norte
      • Sergipe
      • Paraní
      • Rio Grande do Sul
      • Santa Catarina
      • Espirito Santo
      • Minas Gerais
      • Rio de Janeiro
      • São Paulo
      • Brazilia Distrito Federal
      • Goiás
      • Mato Grosso
      • Mato Grosso do Sul

      Nationally Preferred Names

      NameLanguageCountry
      TromIrishIE
      ElderEnglishIE

      Other Local Names

      NameLanguageCountry
      SabugueiroPortuguese
      Sambuco comune, Sambuco neroItalianCH
      Crann troimIrishIE
      Ceireachán (dubh)IrishIE
      Craobh tromáinIrishIE
      Crann truim (druim)IrishIE
      DromanIrishIE
      PeithIrishIE
      RuisIrishIE
      DrumanIrishIE
      Tromm (or Truimm)IrishIE
      Peith-bhog (-buighe)IrishIE
      TrománIrishIE
      Sureau noirFrenchCH
      ThrummanEnglishIE
      BualtraidhIrishIE
      Bour treeEnglishIE
      Boor treeEnglishIE
      BootreeEnglishIE
      Bore treeEnglishIE
      Schwarzer HolunderGermanCH
      TroumIrishIE
      Ellena ghouYorubaIE
      Suvi nairRaeto-RomanceCH

        Bibliography

       Information From

      Adoxaceae
      World Flora Online Data. 2017.
      • A CC0 1.0 Universal (CC0 1.0).
      Flora Helvetica – Illustrierte Flora der Schweiz
      http://www.flora-helvetica.ch
      Flora Helvetica – Illustrierte Flora der Schweiz, Konrad Lauber, Gerhart Wagner, Andreas Gygax. Haupt Verlag 2018.
      • B All Rights Reserved
      Brazilian Flora 2020 project - Projeto Flora do Brasil 2020
      http://floradobrasil.jbrj.gov.br
      Brazil Flora G (2014): Brazilian Flora 2020 project - Projeto Flora do Brasil 2020. v393.147. Instituto de Pesquisas Jardim Botanico do Rio de Janeiro. Dataset/Checklist. doi:10.15468/1mtkaw
      • C Group Brazil Flora, REFLORA Program
      Flora of Pakistan
      http://www.tropicos.org/Project/Pakistan
      Flora of Pakistan. Missouri Botanical Garden. Accessed on Jun. 2020.
      • D Missouri Botanical Garden
      Irish Vernacular Names
      https://www.missouribotanicalgarden.org/plant-science/plant-science/research-staff/article/380/wyse-jackson-peter-s.aspx
      • E All Rights Reserved
      World Flora Online consortium
      http://www.worldfloraonline.org/organisation/WFO
      World Flora Online Data. 2018.
      • F CC0 1.0 Universal (CC0 1.0).
      Global Tree Search
      https://tools.bgci.org/global_tree_search.php
      BGCI. 2018. GlobalTreeSearch online database. Botanic Gardens Conservation International. Richmond, U.K. Available at www.bgci.org. Accessed on 30/11/2018.
      • G Botanic Gardens Conservation International