Spondias purpurea L.
  • Sp. Pl. ed. 2
  • red mombin hog plum


Cite taxon page as 'WFO (2019): Spondias purpurea L. Published on the Internet;http://www.worldfloraonline.org/taxon/wfo-0000435489. Accessed on: 18 Nov 2019'

General Information

Spondias purpurea L., Sp. Pl., ed. 2, 613. 1762; S. cirouella Tussac; S. myrobalanus L.; Warmingia pauciflora Engl.

Arboles pequeños, 3–15 m de alto y hasta 50 cm de ancho, corteza exterior gris-rosada, lisa u ornamentada con proyecciones espinosas, suberosas, corteza interna blanquecina con líneas cafés, exudado espeso y claro, tricomas crespos, 0.1–0.2 mm de largo, blanquecinos. Hojas 6–28 cm de largo, 5–27-folioladas; folíolos elípticos, ovados a obovados o lanceolados a oblanceolados, generalmente asimétricos, 3–6 cm de largo y 1–2.5 cm de ancho, ápice obtuso a agudo, a veces retuso, acumen mucronado, base cuneada o atenuada, oblicua, margen entero a uncinado-serrulado hacia el ápice, haz glabra excepto el nervio principal escasa a densamente pubescente, envés glabro excepto la porción basal del nervio principal escasamente pubescente, cartáceos, nervio principal apenas prominente en la haz, aplanado a apenas prominente en el envés, 5–15 pares de nervios secundarios, aplanados a apenas prominentes en ambas superficies; pecíolo 2–5.2 cm de largo, glabro a escasamente pubescente, raquis 8–20 cm de largo, glabro a densamente pubescente, peciólulos pubescentes, los laterales 0.3 mm de largo, el terminal hasta 15 mm de largo. Inflorescencias axilares de pocas flores, 1–10 cm de largo, desarrollándose antes del brote de las hojas, glabras a escasamente pubescentes, brácteas y bractéolas lanceoladas a ovadas, 0.5–1.5 mm de largo, pedicelo 0.5–1.5 mm de largo; sépalos imbricados en yema, redondeados a ovados, 0.8–1.2 mm de largo, margen ciliado; pétalos estrechamente ovados u oblongos, 2.5–3.5 mm de largo, apicalmente cuculados, rosados a rojo obscuros, a veces anaranjados; filamentos marcadamente desiguales, los antisépalos más largos que los antipétalos, 1.3–2.2 mm de largo, anteras 0.6–0.7 mm de largo; pistilo ca 2.3 mm de largo, ovario subgloboso, estigmas aplanados, capitados. Fruto oblongo-obovoide o subgloboso, 1.8–3.2 cm de largo (seco), generalmente rojo, a veces anaranjado o amarillo cuando maduro.

Muy común, bosques secos y cultivada, en todo el país; 0–1400 m; fl ene–may, fr (forma roja) ene–oct, (forma amarilla) jul–oct; Greenman 5700, Nee 27751; probablemente nativa desde México al suroeste de Ecuador, cultivada o introducida en toda América tropical, partes de Africa y sureste de Asia. "Jocote".

  • Provided by: [E].Flora de Nicaragua
    • Source: [
    • 2
    • ]. 

    Shrub or small tree to 10(-15) m high with smooth gray bark, the branches stout. Leaves with (3-)5-12 pairs of leaflets, the rachis 5-25 cm long (often sulcate or bisulcate above and with pilose trichomes bordering the grooves), the leaflets alternate or opposite, with petiolules 0.5-3 mm long and frequently pilose; lamina of leaflets obliquely elliptic to obovate or less often ovate, apically acute or sub- acuminate to rounded or emarginate and often cuspidate, basally typically acute but varying from subattenuate to obtuse, assymetric at the base, entire or serrate (the teeth sometimes with a cilium at the tip), 1.5-6 cm long, 0.7-3 cm broad, membranous, pilose along the midvein (and sometimes on the secondaries) above and/or below or else glabrous, with a rather distinct submarginal collecting vein. Inftorescences racemose-paniculate or subeapitate, laterally disposed on older de- nuded branches, red or reddish-purple, 0.5-8 cm long, pilosulous or glabrate. Flowers a, red, the distally articulated pedicels 0.5-4 mm long; calyx-segments 5, rotund-ovate, ca 1 mm long; petals 5, lanceolate to oblong- or ovate-lanceolate apically strongly uncinate (hooked inward), 2.5-3.5 mm long, erect or strongly ascending; stamens 10, subequal or unequal, slightly exceeded by the petals, the filaments flattened, tapering toward the apex; disc strongly crenate to subentire; styles (3-)4, 1 mm long or slightly less, ovate or ampulliform, glabrous, conspicu- ously constricted at the beginning of the capitate stigmatic portion. Drupes red or purple, 1.5-3.5 cm long, 1-2.5 cm broad, ovoid or oblong.

  • Provided by: [D].Flora de Panama
    • Source: [
    • 3
    • ]. 

    Habit

    Shrub or small tree

  • Provided by: [D].Flora de Panama
    • Source: [
    • 3
    • ]. 

    Distribution

    Southern Mexico, Central America and the West Indies to Brazil and Peru; cultivated in southern Florida.

  • Provided by: [D].Flora de Panama
    • Source: [
    • 3
    • ]. 

    Common Names

    Creole name, “Gambia Plum”

  • Provided by: [F].Plants Of the World Online Portal - FWTA
    • Source: [
    • 1
    • ]. 

    Other Local Names

    NameLanguageCountry
    red mombin hog plum

     Information From

    Anacardiaceae
    World Flora Online Data. 2017.
    • A CC0 1.0 Universal (CC0 1.0).
    MBG Floras Images
    http://www.tropicos.org/ImageSearch.aspx
    Flora images. Missouri Botanical Garden. Accessed on Jun. 2018.
    • B Missouri Botanical Garden
    • C Missouri Botanical Garden
    Flora de Panama
    http://www.tropicos.org/Project/PAC
    Robert E. Woodson, Jr. and Robert W. Schery Annals of the Missouri Botanical Garden Vol. 67, No. 4 (1980), pp. ii-xxxiii
    • D Missouri Botanical Garden
    Flora de Nicaragua
    http://www.tropicos.org/projectwebportal.aspx?projectid=7&pagename=Home&langid=66
    WD Stevens, CU Ulloa, A Pool and OM Montiel. Missouri Botanical Garden Press, 2001
    • E Missouri Botanical Garden
    Plants Of the World Online Portal - FWTA
    https://www.kew.org/science/who-we-are-and-what-we-do/strategic-outputs-2020/plants-of-the-world-online
    http://www.plantsoftheworldonline.org/terms-and-conditions
    • F The Trustees of the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew
    World Flora Online consortium
    http://www.worldfloraonline.org/organisation/WFO
    World Flora Online Data. 2018.
    • G CC0 1.0 Universal (CC0 1.0).
    Global Tree Assessment
    http://www.bgci.org/
    BGCI. 2018. GlobalTreeSearch online database. Botanic Gardens Conservation International. Richmond, U.K. Available at www.bgci.org. Accessed on 30/11/2018.
    • H Botanic Gardens Conservation International