Spondias mombin L.
  • Sp. Pl.
  • cajazinho


Cite taxon page as 'WFO (2019): Spondias mombin L. Published on the Internet;http://www.worldfloraonline.org/taxon/wfo-0000435470. Accessed on: 09 Dec 2019'

General Information

Spondias mombin L., Sp. Pl. 371. 1753; S. lutea L.

Arboles de tamaño mediano a grande, hasta 25 m de alto y 60 cm de ancho, corteza exterior café o gris, frecuentemente áspera con crestas longitudinales, proyecciones espinosas suberosas frecuentemente presentes, corteza interna rosado-anaranjada, tricomas blancos, generalmente rectos, erectos, hasta 0.2 mm de largo. Hojas 18–43 cm de largo, 7–15-folioladas; folíolos estrechamente oblongos, a veces estrechamente ovados, lanceolados o elípticos, algo falcados, asimétricos, 6–15 cm de largo y 3–5 cm de ancho, ápice acuminado u ocasionalmente agudo, base truncada u obtusa, oblicua, margen entero o a veces subentero (en las plántulas, los primeros folíolos ensanchados crenados a serrados), haz glabra, envés glabro excepto los nervios principal y secundarios a veces pubescentes, cartáceos u ocasionalmente subcoriáceos, nervio principal apenas prominente en la haz, prominente en el envés, nervios secundarios 8–20 pares, apenas prominentes a ligeramente impresos en la haz, prominentes en el envés; pecíolo 4–13.5 cm de largo, glabro a pubescente, raquis 7.1–25 cm de largo, escasamente pubescente, peciólulos glabros o pubescentes, los laterales 3–10 mm de largo, el terminal 14–40 mm de largo. Inflorescencia subterminal de muchas flores, 15–60 cm de largo, generalmente pubescente, ocasionalmente glabra, pedúnculo 1–10 cm de largo, brácteas lanceoladas a ovadas, 0.4–0.6 mm de largo, pedicelos 2–4.5 mm de largo; sépalos deltados, 0.4–0.6 mm de largo; pétalos lanceolados, 2.5–3.2 mm de largo, apicalmente cuculados, de color crema o blancos; filamentos 2–2.7 mm de largo, anteras 1 mm de largo; pistilo 1.3–1.6 mm de largo, ovario esencialmente ovoide, 0.6 mm de largo, estigmas oblicuos. Fruto oblongo o menos frecuentemente elipsoide o ligeramente ovoide-oblongo, 2–4 cm de largo, ápice obtuso a redondeado (fresco o seco), amarillo o anaranjado cuando maduro.

Común, bosques secos a muy húmedos y áreas perturbadas, en todo el país; 0–1100 m; fl feb–may, fr may–oct; Robleto 981, Stevens 21479; México al sureste de Brasil, cultivada o introducida en Africa occidental y el sureste de Asia. "Jocote jobo".

  • Provided by: [F].Flora de Nicaragua
    • Source: [
    • 5
    • ]. 

    Tree 6-27 m high with smooth or furrowed bark, the trunk straight. Leaves with 3-15 pairs of leaflets, the proximal leaflets alternate and the distal ? opposite, the rachis 7-35 cm long; lamina of leaflets oblong to somewhat ovate or obovate, apically acuminate or less frequently acute, basally acute to broadly obtuse, oblique and assymetric at the base, 5.5-14 cm long, 2-6.5 cm broad, membranous or sub- coriaceous, glabrous or short-pilose on the nerves and along the margins; petiolules 2-7(-12) mm long (not including the petiolule of the terminal leaflet which is often longer). Panicles terminal, 15-40 cm long, minutely hirsutulous. Flowers cc, I, 5-merous, the articulated pedicels 1.5-5 mm long; calyx-segments scale-like, ca 0.5 mm long, deltoid or deltoid-ovate; petals oblong-lanceolate or elliptic- lanceolate, apically uncinate, 2-3.5 mm long, spreading to reflexed, white or yellow; stamens 10, subequal, slightly shorter than the petals, the anthers ca 1 mm long, slightly curved, oblong-quadrate, relatively massive; disc strongly crenate (annular but virtually divided into 10 separate cushions); styles 5, more or less linear, virtually uncon- stricted at the beginning of the stigmatic portion, glabrous, ca 1 mm long. Drupes ovoid to obovoid or oblong, 1.5-4 cm long, 1-2.5 cm broad, yellow.

  • Provided by: [D].Flora de Panama
    • Source: [
    • 6
    • ]. 

    Morphology

    Bark thick with longitudinal fissures

  • Provided by: [E].Plants Of the World Online Portal - FWTA
    • Source: [
    • 1
    • ]. 

    Yellow plum-like fruits

  • Provided by: [E].Plants Of the World Online Portal - FWTA
    • Source: [
    • 1
    • ]. 

    Large panicles of small white flowers

  • Provided by: [E].Plants Of the World Online Portal - FWTA
    • Source: [
    • 1
    • ]. 

    A deciduous tree, to 60 ft. high

  • Provided by: [E].Plants Of the World Online Portal - FWTA
    • Source: [
    • 1
    • ]. 

    Habit

    Tree

  • Provided by: [D].Flora de Panama
    • Source: [
    • 6
    • ]. 

    Ecology

    Widespread and common in farmland, regrowth and villages, especially in the forest regions, but also in the savannah regions, usually thought to be an ancient introduction from America, but possibly native in W. Africa.

  • Provided by: [E].Plants Of the World Online Portal - FWTA
    • Source: [
    • 1
    • ]. 

    Distribution

    Southern Mexico, Central America, the West Indies and tropical South America; introduced and naturalized in tropical Africa.

  • Provided by: [D].Flora de Panama
    • Source: [
    • 6
    • ]. 

    Distribution Map

     
    • Native distribution
    Found in
    • Southern America Brazil Acre
    • Amapí
    • Amazonas
    • Parí
    • Rondônia
    • Roraima
    • Tocantins
    • Alagoas
    • Bahia
    • Ceará
    • Maranh
    • Paraába
    • Pernambuco
    • Piauá
    • Rio Grande do Norte
    • Sergipe
    • Espirito Santo
    • Minas Gerais
    • Rio de Janeiro
    • São Paulo
    • Brazilia Distrito Federal
    • Goiás
    • Mato Grosso
    • Mato Grosso do Sul

      Bibliography

     Information From

    Anacardiaceae
    World Flora Online Data. 2017.
    • A CC0 1.0 Universal (CC0 1.0).
    MBG Floras Images
    http://www.tropicos.org/ImageSearch.aspx
    Flora images. Missouri Botanical Garden. Accessed on Jun. 2018.
    • B Missouri Botanical Garden
    • C Missouri Botanical Garden
    Flora de Panama
    http://www.tropicos.org/Project/PAC
    Robert E. Woodson, Jr. and Robert W. Schery Annals of the Missouri Botanical Garden Vol. 67, No. 4 (1980), pp. ii-xxxiii
    • D Missouri Botanical Garden
    Plants Of the World Online Portal - FWTA
    https://www.kew.org/science/who-we-are-and-what-we-do/strategic-outputs-2020/plants-of-the-world-online
    http://www.plantsoftheworldonline.org/terms-and-conditions
    • E The Trustees of the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew
    Flora de Nicaragua
    http://www.tropicos.org/projectwebportal.aspx?projectid=7&pagename=Home&langid=66
    WD Stevens, CU Ulloa, A Pool and OM Montiel. Missouri Botanical Garden Press, 2001
    • F Missouri Botanical Garden
    Brazilian Flora 2020 project - Projeto Flora do Brasil 2020
    http://floradobrasil.jbrj.gov.br
    Brazil Flora G (2014): Brazilian Flora 2020 project - Projeto Flora do Brasil 2020. v393.147. Instituto de Pesquisas Jardim Botanico do Rio de Janeiro. Dataset/Checklist. doi:10.15468/1mtkaw
    • G Group Brazil Flora, REFLORA Program
    World Flora Online consortium
    http://www.worldfloraonline.org/organisation/WFO
    World Flora Online Data. 2018.
    • H CC0 1.0 Universal (CC0 1.0).
    Global Tree Assessment
    http://www.bgci.org/
    BGCI. 2018. GlobalTreeSearch online database. Botanic Gardens Conservation International. Richmond, U.K. Available at www.bgci.org. Accessed on 30/11/2018.
    • I Botanic Gardens Conservation International