Tetragonia tetragonioides (Pall.) Kuntze
  • Revis. Gen. Pl.
  • espinafre-da-nova-zelândia


Cite taxon page as 'WFO (2020): Tetragonia tetragonioides (Pall.) Kuntze. Published on the Internet;http://www.worldfloraonline.org/taxon/wfo-0000414976. Accessed on: 02 Dec 2020'

General Information

Herbs annual, erect when young, becoming decumbent, 40-60 cm tall. Stems with densely placed bladder cells when young. Petiole 5-30 mm, thick; leaf blade rhomboid-ovate or deltoid-ovate, 0.4-10 × 2.5-8 cm. Pedicel to 2 mm. Flowers 1-3. Perigone tube 2-3 mm; lobes mostly 4, inside bright yellow to yellowish green. Stamens 10-13. Fruit turbinate, ca. 5 mm, 4- or 5-corniculate. Seeds as many as locules. Fl. and fr. Aug-Oct. 2n = 16*

  • Provided by: [F].Flora Of CHina @ efloras.org
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    Stems mat-forming, 3-14 dm. Leaves 1-10 × 5-5 cm; petiole 1-3 cm, winged; blade pale green abaxially, dark green adaxially, midvein and lateral veins raised abaxially, ovate-rhombic to triangular, base truncate, papillate with larger papillae abaxially. Inflorescences: peduncle to 2 mm. Flowers sometimes unisexual; calyx lobes spreading, yellow, ovate to half orbiculate, 2 mm; stamens clustered or scattered. Fruits turbinate, 8-12 mm; horns 4-6. Seeds smooth. 2n = 32.

  • Provided by: [E].Flora of North America @ efloras.org
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    Tetragonia tetragonoides (Pall.) Kuntze, Revis. Gen. Pl. 2: 264. 1891; Demidovia tetragonoides Pall.; T. expansa Murray.

    Hierbas anuales, menudamente papilosas, glabras, erectas a rastreras, suculentas. Hojas alternas, simples, ovado-rómbicas, 1.7–7.5 (–13) cm de largo y 1–5.2 (–8.5) cm de ancho, ápice obtuso u obtusamente acuminado, base cuneada o decurrente, margen plano o ligeramente undulado; pecíolo6–12 (–25) mm de largo, grueso, estípulas ausentes. Flores solitarias o en fascículos de 2–3, axilares, conpedicelo 2–5 mm de largo; tubo calicino turbinado, formado arriba del ovario, 1.4–2.5 mm de largo en la antesis, los lobos 3–5, usualmente 4, patentes durante la antesis, erectos o conniventes y agrandándose en fruto, desiguales, los 2 laterales ovado-triangulares, 1.7–2.1 mm de largo y 1–1.5 mm de ancho, obtusos, los restantes 1–3 ampliamente ovados o semiorbiculares, 2.2–2.5 mm de largo, 3–3.2 mm de ancho, obtusos o redondeados, con un cornículo corto por debajo de cada lobo, el cornículo agrandado después de la antesis y a veces desarrollándose en una flor o una ramita; completamente amarillentos o verde pálidos internamente; estaminodios ausentes, estambres (4–) 9–12 (–22), insertos en la boca del tubo del cáliz, filamentos solitarios o en fascículos, amarillos, 1–1.5 mm de largo, anteras 0.45 mm de largo y 0.35 mm de ancho; ovario semiínfero, 1.5–2 mm de largo y de ancho, 5–8-locular, óvulo solitario en cada lóculo, placentación apical-axial, estilos 5–8, 1.5–2 mm de largo. Fruto una nuececilla con un endocarpo casi leñoso y epicarpo herbáceo a carnoso, turbinado, 9–12.5 mm de largo y ca 7 mm de ancho; semillas 5–8, reniformes.

    Cultivada; ca 100 m; fl dic; Stevens 23515; nativa de las áreas costeras de Australia, Tasmania, Nueva Zelanda, Japón y las islas del Pacífico, cultivada y ocasionalmente naturalizada en las regiones cálidas de América. Se cocina como verdura en lugar de Spinacia oleracea L. (Chenopodiaceae) en los países tropicales. Un género con 50–60 especies en áreas tropicales y templadas del hemisferio Sur. "Espinaca".

    C.M. Taylor. Revision of Tetragonia (Aizoaceae) in South America. Syst. Bot. 19: 575–589. 1994.

  • Provided by: [G].Flora de Nicaragua
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    Morphology

    Stamens 4-many, solitary or fasciculate, with orbicular anthers.

  • Provided by: [C].Plants Of the World Online Portal - FZ
    • Source: [
    • 1
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    A large prostrate or prostrate-ascending somewhat succulent annual with stout trailing stems.

  • Provided by: [C].Plants Of the World Online Portal - FZ
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    • 1
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    Leaves 3–13 × 2–8·5 cm., rhombic, deltate or rhombic-ovate, obtuse or subacuminate at apex, with the base cuneate and more or less decurrent into the petiole, somewhat succulent; petiole 5–25 mm. long.

  • Provided by: [C].Plants Of the World Online Portal - FZ
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    • 1
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    Flowers greenish or yellowish, solitary or paired, axillary, subsessile.

  • Provided by: [C].Plants Of the World Online Portal - FZ
    • Source: [
    • 1
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    Perianth-segments (3)4(5), up to 8 mm. in fruit, acute, green outside, yellowish-green inside, unequal.

  • Provided by: [C].Plants Of the World Online Portal - FZ
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    Ovary semi-inferior, of 5–8 united carpels and 5–8 styles.

  • Provided by: [C].Plants Of the World Online Portal - FZ
    • Source: [
    • 1
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    Fruit up to 10 × 7 mm., smooth, conical or top-shaped, bearing below each perianth-segment a horn which sometimes gives rise to another flower or branchlet.

  • Provided by: [C].Plants Of the World Online Portal - FZ
    • Source: [
    • 1
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    Distribution Map

     
    • Introduced distribution
    Introduced into
    • Southern America Brazil Bahia
    • Ceará
    • Pernambuco
    • Paraní
    • Rio Grande do Sul
    • Santa Catarina
    • Minas Gerais
    • Rio de Janeiro
    • São Paulo

    Other Local Names

    NameLanguageCountry
    espinafre-da-nova-zelândiaPortuguese

     Information From

    Aizoaceae
    World Flora Online Data. 2017.
    • A CC0 1.0 Universal (CC0 1.0).
    MBG Floras Images
    http://www.tropicos.org/ImageSearch.aspx
    Flora images. Missouri Botanical Garden. Accessed on Jun. 2018.
    • B Missouri Botanical Garden
    Plants Of the World Online Portal - FZ
    https://www.kew.org/science/who-we-are-and-what-we-do/strategic-outputs-2020/plants-of-the-world-online
    http://www.plantsoftheworldonline.org/terms-and-conditions
    • C
    Brazilian Flora 2020 project - Projeto Flora do Brasil 2020
    http://floradobrasil.jbrj.gov.br
    Brazil Flora G (2014): Brazilian Flora 2020 project - Projeto Flora do Brasil 2020. v393.147. Instituto de Pesquisas Jardim Botanico do Rio de Janeiro. Dataset/Checklist. doi:10.15468/1mtkaw
    • D Group Brazil Flora, REFLORA Program
    Flora of North America @ efloras.org
    http://www.efloras.org/flora_page.aspx?flora_id=1
    'Flora of North America @ eFloras (2008). Published on the Internet http://www.efloras.org/flora_page.aspx?flora_id=1 [accessed August 2016]' Missouri Botanical Garden, St. Louis, MO & Harvard University Herbaria, Cambridge, MA.
    • E Flora of North America Association
    Flora Of CHina @ efloras.org
    http://www.efloras.org/flora_page.aspx?flora_id=2
    'Flora of China @ eFloras (2008). Published on the Internet http://www.efloras.org/flora_page.aspx?flora_id=2 [accessed August 2016]' Missouri Botanical Garden, St. Louis, MO & Harvard University Herbaria, Cambridge, MA.
    • F Missouri Botanical Garden
    Flora de Nicaragua
    http://www.tropicos.org/projectwebportal.aspx?projectid=7&pagename=Home&langid=66
    WD Stevens, CU Ulloa, A Pool and OM Montiel. Missouri Botanical Garden Press, 2001
    • G Missouri Botanical Garden
    World Flora Online consortium
    http://www.worldfloraonline.org/organisation/WFO
    World Flora Online Data. 2018.
    • H CC0 1.0 Universal (CC0 1.0).