Thonningia sanguinea Vahl
  • Skr. Naturhist.-Selsk.


Cite taxon page as 'WFO (2021): Thonningia sanguinea Vahl. Published on the Internet;http://www.worldfloraonline.org/taxon/wfo-0000410707. Accessed on: 22 Jun 2021'

Morphology

Leaves triangular-ovate, lower ± 8 × 4 mm., upper 20 × 8 mm., forming an involucre around the spadix.

  • Provided by: [D].Plants Of the World Online Portal - FTEA
    • Source: [
    • 10
    • ]. 

    Inflorescence-bearing stems appearing a few cm. above soil-surface with their bright red, flowering upper parts, 5–20 cm. long from tuber.

  • Provided by: [D].Plants Of the World Online Portal - FTEA
    • Source: [
    • 10
    • ]. 

    Tuber trailing 10–15 cm. below soil surface, 20 cm. or more long, 0.6–0.8 (1–1.5 in swollen part) cm. in diameter, minutely pilose.

  • Provided by: [D].Plants Of the World Online Portal - FTEA
    • Source: [
    • 10
    • ]. 

    Flowers apparently ebracteate or ♂ subtended by minute reduced bracts.

  • Provided by: [D].Plants Of the World Online Portal - FTEA
    • Source: [
    • 10
    • ]. 

    Inflorescence 2.8–3 × 3.2–3.9 cm., ♂ spadices depressed-hemispherical, ♀ spadices hemispherical.

  • Provided by: [D].Plants Of the World Online Portal - FTEA
    • Source: [
    • 10
    • ]. 

    Female flowers 3 mm. long, ovary with perianth ± 2 mm., style 1–1.5 mm.

  • Provided by: [D].Plants Of the World Online Portal - FTEA
    • Source: [
    • 10
    • ]. 

    Male flowers, including pedicel, up to 1.5 cm. long with perianth-segments ± 3 mm. long and synandrium 5–6 mm. long.

  • Provided by: [D].Plants Of the World Online Portal - FTEA
    • Source: [
    • 10
    • ]. 

    Fig. 2.

  • Provided by: [D].Plants Of the World Online Portal - FTEA
    • Source: [
    • 10
    • ]. 

    Infructescence dark red, fleshy, ovoid, with spadix strongly swelling above involucre.

  • Provided by: [D].Plants Of the World Online Portal - FTEA
    • Source: [
    • 10
    • ]. 

    Seeds 0.75–1.5 mm long, ellipsoid, creamy.

  • Provided by: [C].Plants Of the World Online Portal - FZ
    • Source: [
    • 11
    • ]. 

    Infructescence 2.5–3.5 cm diameter, dull reddish-black to crimson, looking like a strawberry.

  • Provided by: [C].Plants Of the World Online Portal - FZ
    • Source: [
    • 11
    • ]. 

    Female flowers: perianth 1–1.5 mm long; style 2–3 mm long, filiform.

  • Provided by: [C].Plants Of the World Online Portal - FZ
    • Source: [
    • 11
    • ]. 

    Male flowers 8–15 mm long; perianth segments 2–4, lanceolate, acute; stamens 2–6 in cylindrical synandrium, anthers whitish-cream.

  • Provided by: [C].Plants Of the World Online Portal - FZ
    • Source: [
    • 11
    • ]. 

    Bracts 5–30 × 3–11 mm, ovate to lanceolate, acute to acuminate, margins irregularly and obscurely serrulate, rigid, becoming smaller towards base of involucre and continuous with scales on peduncle, pinkish-crimson turning brown with age.

  • Provided by: [C].Plants Of the World Online Portal - FZ
    • Source: [
    • 11
    • ]. 

    Plant to 18 cm tall.

  • Provided by: [C].Plants Of the World Online Portal - FZ
    • Source: [
    • 11
    • ]. 

    Rhizomes 3–8 mm diameter, pubescent.

  • Provided by: [C].Plants Of the World Online Portal - FZ
    • Source: [
    • 11
    • ]. 

    Peduncles 0–13 cm tall, glabrous to pubescent (particularly in axils of scales); scales 4–10 × 2–5 mm, ovate to lanceolate, acute, margins sometimes irregularly and obscurely serrulate, rigid, glabrous.

  • Provided by: [C].Plants Of the World Online Portal - FZ
    • Source: [
    • 11
    • ]. 

    Tuber irregularly shaped from subspherical up to 8–10 cm diameter to elongate, 5–17 × 1.3–4 cm, densely pubescent.

  • Provided by: [C].Plants Of the World Online Portal - FZ
    • Source: [
    • 11
    • ]. 

    Inflorescence heads 2.5–5 cm long, opening to 1.5–5.5 cm broad.

  • Provided by: [C].Plants Of the World Online Portal - FZ
    • Source: [
    • 11
    • ]. 

    Rhizomatoïdes ramifiés, velus, de 4-7 mm de diam. sur le sec, partie tubéreuse de 20-35 mm de diam.' Inflorescences' à pédoncules de 1-7,5 cm de long; involucres et pédoncules entièrement recouverts d'écaillés imbriquées devenant graduellement plus grandes vers le sommet des inflorescences, ovales-lancéolées, carénées, aiguës à ± acuminées au sommet, ± épaisses, de 4-25 mm de long et de 3-7,5 mm de large.' Capitules' florifères subglobuleux, de 15-30 mm de diam., rouge sang; les ♂ plus petits que les ♀.' Fleurs' ♂, de 8-16 mm de long, à l'aisselle de bractées subulées-filiformes; fleurs ♀ de ± 3,5 mm de long, à périgone tubulaire irrégulièrement denté au sommet, de ± 1 mm de long; style filiforme, à partie exserte de ± 1,2 mm de long.' Capitules' fructifères accrescents, ± aplatis et atteignant 5,5 mm de diam.' Akènes ovoïdes-cylindriques, de ± 1,5 mm de long et de 0,8-1 mm de large.

  • Provided by: [B].Flore d'Afrique Centrale
    • Source: [
    • 12
    • ]. 

    Habitat

    Holoparasite sur racine, dans les sous-bois des formations forestières de la province guinéenne et des forêts sclérophylles de la plaine de lave des Virunga.

  • Provided by: [B].Flore d'Afrique Centrale
    • Source: [
    • 12
    • ]. 

    Distribution

    Du Sierra-Leone à l'Angola au Sud et vers l'Est jusqu'au Congo belge où cette espèce atteint la limite orientale de son aire

  • Provided by: [B].Flore d'Afrique Centrale
    • Source: [
    • 12
    • ]. 

    Uses

    Le T. sanguinea est connu, en médecine indigène, comme remède antidysentérique et antiblennorrhagique.

  • Provided by: [B].Flore d'Afrique Centrale
    • Source: [
    • 12
    • ]. 

     Information From

    Balanophoraceae
    World Flora Online Data. 2017.
    • A CC0 1.0 Universal (CC0 1.0).
    Flore d'Afrique Centrale
    https://www.floredafriquecentrale.be
    • B http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/ Attribution 4.0 International (CC BY 4.0)
    Plants Of the World Online Portal - FZ
    https://www.kew.org/science/who-we-are-and-what-we-do/strategic-outputs-2020/plants-of-the-world-online
    http://www.plantsoftheworldonline.org/terms-and-conditions
    • C
    Plants Of the World Online Portal - FTEA
    https://www.kew.org/science/who-we-are-and-what-we-do/strategic-outputs-2020/plants-of-the-world-online
    http://www.plantsoftheworldonline.org/terms-and-conditions
    • D
    World Flora Online consortium
    http://www.worldfloraonline.org/organisation/WFO
    World Flora Online Data. 2018.
    • E CC0 1.0 Universal (CC0 1.0).