Tapirira guianensis Aubl.
  • Hist. Pl. Guiane
  • cupuba


This taxon is accepted by Anacardiaceae
Notes: More details could be found in The Plant List v.1.1. Originally in The Plant List v.1.0

General Information

Tapirira guianensis Aubl., Hist. Pl. Guiane 1: 470, t. 188. 1775; T. myriantha Triana & Planch.

Arboles pequeños a grandes, hasta 30 m de alto y 60 cm de ancho, corteza exterior gris o café clara a obscura, generalmente delgada, levemente fisurada o lisa, corteza interna rosada a café-rojiza, exudado variable, claro a lechoso, tricomas más o menos aplicados, hasta 0.3 mm de largo, blanquecinos a dorados. Hojas imparipinnadas, a veces paripinnadas, 18–70 cm de largo; folíolos estrechamente oblongos, elípticos, obovados, a veces estrechamente ovados, 7–24 cm de largo y 2.5–10 cm de ancho, ápice generalmente acuminado, base obtusa, aguda o cuneada, frecuentemente oblicua, haz generalmente glabra, envés glabro a pubescente, cartáceos a subcoriáceos, nervadura generalmente broquidódroma, nervio principal impreso a apenas prominente en la haz, prominente en el envés, 8–12 pares de nervios secundarios, impresos a apenas prominentes en la haz, prominentes en el envés; pecíolo 4–20 cm de largo, pubescente a glabrescente, peciólulos pubescentes a glabrescentes, los laterales 3–15 mm de largo, el terminal 7–40 mm de largo. Inflorescencia subterminal ampliamente paniculada, con numerosas flores, 10–32 cm de largo, escasa a densamente pubescente, pedúnculo hasta 8.5 cm de largo, pedicelos 1–2.5 mm de largo, pubescentes; sépalos semicirculares a ampliamente ovados, 0.4–0.9 mm de largo y 0.4–0.7 mm de ancho, glabros a escasamente pubescentes abaxialmente; pétalos oblongos a estrechamente ovados, 1.4–2.2 mm de largo y 0.5–0.7 mm de ancho, de color crema a amarillos; flores estaminadas con filamentos 1.2–1.7 mm de largo, los antisépalos más largos que los antipétalos, anteras 0.3–0.6 mm de largo, pistilodio 0.3–0.6 mm de largo, densamente pubescente; flores pistiladas con estaminodios 1.3–1.9 mm de largo, pistilo 0.9–1.2 mm de largo. Fruto ovoide, elipsoide, oblongo, 1–1.5 cm de largo y 0.5–1 cm de ancho, exocarpo morado obscuro a negro cuando maduro; endocarpo cartilaginoso (frágil al secarse).

Rara, bosques húmedos, zona atlántica; 250–300 m; fl ene, fr sep; Nee 27932, Rueda 2578; Honduras a Bolivia, Paraguay y sureste de Brasil.

  • Provided by: [E].Flora de Nicaragua
    • Source: [
    • 1
    • ]. 

    Tree 3-40 m high; branches developing gray bark, the young portions dotted with lenticels. Leaves clustered toward the branch-tips, with (1-)2-5(-7) pairs of leaflets, the rachis 5-35 cm long and minutely ferruginous-puberulent or glab- rous, the leaflets opposite, with petiolules 2-11 mm long (not including the petiolule of the terminal leaflet which is often longer); lamina of leaflets oblong or oblong- lanceolate to somewhat obovate or ovate, slightly oblique, acuminate or subacumi- nate apically (the acumen rounded or emarginate), rarely rounded or emarginate at the apex, basally cuneate to broadly obtuse and often somewhat assymetric, 5-20 cm long, 1.5-8 cm broad, glabrous or sparsely puberulent beneath (rarely above) along the main veins, membranous or slightly coriaceous, entire, paler beneath, often lustrous above, the secondary veins brochidodrome. Panicles axillary but aris- ing from the distal nodes of a branch, densely-flowered, 8-37 cm long, the branches at least sparsely ferruginous-puberulent (the trichomes ascending or appressed). Flowers functionally male (one sex well developed morphologically and the other ? vestigial), occasionally I, the pedicels 1-3 mm long, 0.2-0.5 mm broad (in flower), rather conspicuously hirtellous with ascending to appressed trichomes (rarely glabrate); calyx-segments deltoid to rotund-ovate, apically acute to rounded, sparsely appressed-hirtellous externally, 0.5-0.75 mm long; petals elliptic or oblong- elliptic to ovate-lanceolate or subovate, acute to obtuse or rounded, occasionally slightly erose-dentate apically, 1.5-2.5 mm long, ascending to spreading or reflexed, yellowish-white or greenish-white; stamens 10, 1.5-2.5 mm long (hypoplastic in functionally 9 flowers), the filaments rather slender, the anthers ovate, basally cordate or auriculate, 0.3-0.5 mm long; disc 10-crenulate occasionally tumid and subentire; ovary 1-1.5 mm long and oblong-ovoid to ovoid or slightly obovoid in functionally 9 flowers, rather sparsely puberulent, greatly reduced and concealed by the disc in functionally c flowers, the styles 5 (rarely 4 in functionally c' flowers), free and well spaced in functionally 9 flowers, connivent and free or lightly coalescent basally in functionally c flowers, stubby, 0.1-0.5 mm long, conspicuously pubescent, each surmounted by a slightly enlarged disciform stigma. Drupes ovoid to oblong or obovoid, 0.5-1.5 cm long, often showing remnants of the styles; seed pendulous from the locule apex or virtually so.

  • Provided by: [F].Flora de Panama
    • Source: [
    • 2
    • ]. 

    Habit

    Tree

  • Provided by: [F].Flora de Panama
    • Source: [
    • 2
    • ]. 

    Distribution

    Panama to Peru, Brazil and Paraguay.

  • Provided by: [F].Flora de Panama
    • Source: [
    • 2
    • ]. 

    Distribution Map

     
    • Native distribution
    Found in
    • Southern America Brazil Acre
    • Amapí
    • Amazonas
    • Parí
    • Rondônia
    • Roraima
    • Tocantins
    • Alagoas
    • Bahia
    • Ceará
    • Maranh
    • Paraába
    • Pernambuco
    • Piauá
    • Rio Grande do Norte
    • Sergipe
    • Paraní
    • Santa Catarina
    • Espirito Santo
    • Minas Gerais
    • Rio de Janeiro
    • São Paulo
    • Brazilia Distrito Federal
    • Goiás
    • Mato Grosso
    • Mato Grosso do Sul

     Information From

    Anacardiaceae
    World Flora Online Data. 2017.
    • A CC0 1.0 Universal (CC0 1.0).
    MBG Floras Images
    http://www.tropicos.org/ImageSearch.aspx
    Flora images. Missouri Botanical Garden. Accessed on Jun. 2018.
    • B Missouri Botanical Garden
    • C Missouri Botanical Garden
    Brazilian Flora 2020 project - Projeto Flora do Brasil 2020
    http://floradobrasil.jbrj.gov.br
    Brazil Flora G (2014): Brazilian Flora 2020 project - Projeto Flora do Brasil 2020. v393.147. Instituto de Pesquisas Jardim Botanico do Rio de Janeiro. Dataset/Checklist. doi:10.15468/1mtkaw
    • D Group Brazil Flora, REFLORA Program
    Flora de Nicaragua
    http://www.tropicos.org/projectwebportal.aspx?projectid=7&pagename=Home&langid=66
    WD Stevens, CU Ulloa, A Pool and OM Montiel. Missouri Botanical Garden Press, 2001
    • E Missouri Botanical Garden
    Flora de Panama
    http://www.tropicos.org/Project/PAC
    Robert E. Woodson, Jr. and Robert W. Schery Annals of the Missouri Botanical Garden Vol. 67, No. 4 (1980), pp. ii-xxxiii
    • F Missouri Botanical Garden
    World Flora Online consortium
    http://www.worldfloraonline.org/organisation/WFO
    World Flora Online Data. 2018.
    • G CC0 1.0 Universal (CC0 1.0).
    Global Tree Assessment
    http://www.bgci.org/
    BGCI. 2018. GlobalTreeSearch online database. Botanic Gardens Conservation International. Richmond, U.K. Available at www.bgci.org. Accessed on 30/11/2018.
    • H Botanic Gardens Conservation International