Eriocaulon cinereum R.Br.
  • Prodr. Fl. Nov. Holl.


Cite taxon page as 'WFO (2020): Eriocaulon cinereum R.Br. Published on the Internet;http://www.worldfloraonline.org/taxon/wfo-0000409845. Accessed on: 04 Jul 2020'

General Information

Leaves narrowly linear, 2--5(--8) cm, 0.8--1(--1.7) mm wide at middle, glabrous, veins 3(--5). Scapes 6--30, 6--9(--19) cm, 4--6-ribbed; sheath 1.5--2(--3.5) cm; receptacle villous, occasionally glabrous; heads light yellow to dark green, subglobose to broadly ovoid, ca. 4 × 3--3.5 mm; involucral bracts pale green-yellow to blackish, obovate to elliptic, 0.9--1.9 × 1--1.4 mm, membranous, glabrous; floral bracts oblong to oblanceolate, glabrous or occasionally abaxially villous. Male flowers: sepals spathelike, 1.3--1.9 mm, glabrous or abaxially hairy toward 3-cleft apex; petals 3, ovate to oblong, anterior one slightly larger than others, shortly hairy at apex, gland black or brown; anthers white to dusky. Female flowers: sepals 2 or 3, blackish, free, linear, sparsely villous abaxially and at margin, posterior one absent or to 1 mm, lateral ones 1--1.7 mm; petals absent; ovary 3-loculed; style 3-cleft. Seeds ovoid, 0.4--0.5 mm; testa hexagonally reticulate, prickles absent. Fl. and fr. Jun--Oct.

  • Provided by: [D].Flora Of CHina @ efloras.org
    • Source: [
    • 8
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    Herbs, annual or short-lived perennial, 15--30 cm. Leaves linear-attenuate, to 10 cm, apex subulate-filiform. Inflorescences: scape sheaths shorter than principal leaves, loose; scapes filiform, 0.5 mm wide, 6--8-ribbed; mature head silvery-gray, ovoid to nearly globose, 4--5 mm wide, soft; receptacle sparsely pilose, hairs translucent; involucral bracts spreading-ascending, not obscured by bracteoles and flowers of mature heads, pale, ovate to oblong, oblanceolate or broadly obovate, grading narrower inward, 2 mm, margins often lacerate or erose, apex acute, glabrous; receptacular bracts pale except for gray midzone, linear-oblong, 2 mm, margins erose or entire, apex acute, glabrous. Staminate flowers: sepals 3, dark, either deeply and narrowly lobed or broadly spatulate, 3-dentate, 1.5 mm, distally with scattered white, linear, short hairs; androphore flaring; petals 3, oblong, apex with white, tapering hairs; stamens 6; anthers yellow. Pistillate flowers: sepals 3, 2 linear-elliptic, 1 broadly elliptic-oblanceolate, concave, 1.5 mm, apex acute, sometimes with few translucent hairs; gynophore 1 mm with 3 spreading, peglike, minute appendages; pistil 3-carpellate. Seeds pale brown, ovoid or broadly ellipsoid, 4.5 mm, finely reticulate, alveolae horizontally rectangular.

  • Provided by: [E].Flora of North America @ efloras.org
    • Source: [
    • 9
    • ]. 

    Morphology

    Capitula small, about 2·4-3 mm. diam., brownish or fuscescent.

  • Provided by: [F].Plants Of the World Online Portal - FWTA
    • Source: [
    • 2
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    Leaves numerous, setaceous

  • Provided by: [F].Plants Of the World Online Portal - FWTA
    • Source: [
    • 2
    • ]. 

    Scapes slender, usually less than 4 in. high

  • Provided by: [F].Plants Of the World Online Portal - FWTA
    • Source: [
    • 2
    • ]. 

    Male flowers: sepals connate into a spathe with tridentate tip, dark grey, glabrous; petals included within the calyx, tiny; anthers white, 0.1 mm.long.

  • Provided by: [C].Plants Of the World Online Portal - FTEA
    • Source: [
    • 7
    • ]. 

    Capitulum globose to ovoid, 2–4 mm. diameter, grey- and straw-coloured or becoming darker, the bracts very loosely erect; involucral bracts as long as the capitulum, obovate-oblong, rounded becoming lacerate, ascending, pallid, scarious becoming tougher downwards; floral bracts lanceolate-oblong, thinly scarious, pale with a dark central band or sometimes blackish, glabrous or a few inner lightly keeled with fine sparse hairs on the keel; receptacle thinly pilose; flowers trimerous, pedicellate.

  • Provided by: [C].Plants Of the World Online Portal - FTEA
    • Source: [
    • 7
    • ]. 

    Scapes slender, straight, often numerous, 4–13 cm. high, 5-ribbed; sheaths ± equalling the leaves, subinflated, the mouth scarious, shortly obliquely slit.

  • Provided by: [C].Plants Of the World Online Portal - FTEA
    • Source: [
    • 7
    • ]. 

    Leaves narrowly linear to acicular, setaceous-tipped, forming a neat dense cluster, 1–3 cm. long, 0.2–2 mm. wide, fenestrate.

  • Provided by: [C].Plants Of the World Online Portal - FTEA
    • Source: [
    • 7
    • ]. 

    Female flowers much reduced and consisting mostly of the gynoecium: sepals 3, 2 or absent, filiform, caducous; petals absent, their position indicated by a node on the ovary stipe.

  • Provided by: [C].Plants Of the World Online Portal - FTEA
    • Source: [
    • 7
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    Small tufted annual.

  • Provided by: [C].Plants Of the World Online Portal - FTEA
    • Source: [
    • 7
    • ]. 

    Seeds 0.3 mm. long, light brown, glossy, faintly reticulate.

  • Provided by: [C].Plants Of the World Online Portal - FTEA
    • Source: [
    • 7
    • ]. 

    Distribution Map

     
    • Native distribution
    Found in
    • Southern America Brazil Parí
    • Bahia
    • Minas Gerais
    • Mato Grosso
    • Mato Grosso do Sul

     Information From

    Brazilian Flora 2020 project - Projeto Flora do Brasil 2020
    http://floradobrasil.jbrj.gov.br
    Brazil Flora G (2014): Brazilian Flora 2020 project - Projeto Flora do Brasil 2020. v393.147. Instituto de Pesquisas Jardim Botanico do Rio de Janeiro. Dataset/Checklist. doi:10.15468/1mtkaw
    • A Group Brazil Flora, REFLORA Program
    Eriocaulaceae
    World Flora Online Data. 2017.
    • B CC0 1.0 Universal (CC0 1.0).
    Plants Of the World Online Portal - FTEA
    https://www.kew.org/science/who-we-are-and-what-we-do/strategic-outputs-2020/plants-of-the-world-online
    http://www.plantsoftheworldonline.org/terms-and-conditions
    • C
    Flora Of CHina @ efloras.org
    http://www.efloras.org/flora_page.aspx?flora_id=2
    'Flora of China @ eFloras (2008). Published on the Internet http://www.efloras.org/flora_page.aspx?flora_id=2 [accessed August 2016]' Missouri Botanical Garden, St. Louis, MO & Harvard University Herbaria, Cambridge, MA.
    • D Missouri Botanical Garden
    Flora of North America @ efloras.org
    http://www.efloras.org/flora_page.aspx?flora_id=1
    'Flora of North America @ eFloras (2008). Published on the Internet http://www.efloras.org/flora_page.aspx?flora_id=1 [accessed August 2016]' Missouri Botanical Garden, St. Louis, MO & Harvard University Herbaria, Cambridge, MA.
    • E Flora of North America Association
    Plants Of the World Online Portal - FWTA
    https://www.kew.org/science/who-we-are-and-what-we-do/strategic-outputs-2020/plants-of-the-world-online
    http://www.plantsoftheworldonline.org/terms-and-conditions
    • F The Trustees of the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew
    World Flora Online consortium
    http://www.worldfloraonline.org/organisation/WFO
    World Flora Online Data. 2018.
    • G CC0 1.0 Universal (CC0 1.0).