Tovomita weddeliana Planch. & Triana
  • Ann. Sci. Nat., Bot.


Cite taxon page as 'WFO (2020): Tovomita weddeliana Planch. & Triana. Published on the Internet;http://www.worldfloraonline.org/taxon/wfo-0000406890. Accessed on: 11 Aug 2020'

General Information

Por Barry E. Hammel

Tovomita weddelliana Planch. & Triana, Ann. Sci. Nat. Bot., sér. 4, 14: 277. 1860.

Arboles o arbustos 2–10 m de alto, generalmente con las hojas agrupadas y ramificándose por debajo de las agrupaciones (simpodial), raíces fulcrantes generalmente presentes, látex blanco; plantas dioicas. Hojas angostamente espatuladas, 11–25 cm de largo y 2.5–5 cm de ancho, ápice agudo, base largamente atenuada, márgenes revolutos, nervios laterales a 1–2 mm de distancia, 50–100 pares o más; pecíolos hasta 2 mm de largo. Inflorescencias terminales, generalmente panículas con pocas flores, más o menos piramidales, 5–11 cm de largo, flores 1–1.5 cm de largo, con 2–8 sépalos, el par externo fusionado o al menos valvado y sobrepasando la yema, con textura y color diferentes a los pétalos; pétalos 2–8, imbricados en yema, blanco-translúcidos; flores estaminadas con numerosos estambres libres; flores pistiladas con numerosos estaminodios, estigmas 4–6, sésiles. Fruto una cápsula suculenta, 4–6-locular, piriforme, 3–3.5 cm de largo, verde o café-verdosa, las valvas moradas en el interior, marcadamente reflexas al abrirse; semillas 1 o raramente 2 por lóculo, verdes con arilo anaranjado.

Rara, conocida en Nicaragua por 2 colecciones estériles de bosques muy húmedos, sur de la zona atlántica; 100–400 m; Rueda 4554, 8885; Nicaragua a Bolivia. Esta especie se distingue fácilmente del resto de las Clusiáceas nicaragüenses por sus hojas sésiles angostamente espatuladas. Es común en otras especies del género que los sépalos de la yema estén fusionados en una caperuza apiculada. Género neotropical, mayormente sudamericano, con 50 especies.

  • Provided by: [E].Flora de Nicaragua
    • Source: [
    • 2
    • ]. 

    Shrub or tree to 30 m tall, supported by conspicuous stilt roots; twigs often stout with conspicuous leaf scars; sap milky white. Leaves oblanceolate to ob- ovate, to 35 cm long and 8 cm wide, apically obtuse or rounded, sometimes short apiculate, basally narrowed into a broad petiolar area, sometimes ultimately trun- cate or slightly auriculate, the margin callose-thickened, slightly revolute, the costa prominently elevated on both sides, more so beneath, lateral veins obscure or appearing very numerous, ca. 9 per cm, nearly straight, parallel, appearing unbranched except near the margin, butting into the obscure continuous sub- marginal vein, the submarginal vein 0.3-0.5 mm from the margin, often drying glaucous above, minutely (under a lens) whitish-striate, beneath reddish brown, minutely (under a lens) white-punctate; petiole wanting or represented by a small pad against the stem. Inflorescence terminal, to 10 cm tall, cymose, ternately branched, many flowered, in bud enveloped completely by a fused narrowly conical spathaceous structure which splits along 2 sides to yield 2 opposite folia- ceous, deciduous bracts; peduncles often stout, drying angled, reddish to green- ish-brown, the divisions subtended by cucullate, deciduous bracts to 2 mm long. Flowers white, globose in bud, the sepals 4, imbricate in 2 opposite pairs, the inner pair slightly larger, rotund, apically cucullate, 11-14 mm long, coriaceous, persistent and altering somewhat in fruit; petals 4-7, membranaceous, drying yellow, rotund, slightly longer than the sepals; stamens numerous in male plants the filaments filiform, free or some inner series sometimes basally fused, the anthers about as narrow as the filaments with 2, 2-locular, linear lobes, ca. 1 mm long, in female plants the filaments broad except at the apex, the anthers narrow, short, perhaps polleniferous; ovary cylindrical, surmounted by 4-6 flat, rotund, padlike stigmas. Fruit a clavate drupe, often oblique, 20-40 cm long, crowned by the sessile stigmas, ultimately splitting into 4-6 valves; calyx lobes erect, ca. 10 mm long, obtuse and more pointed than in flower; seeds 4, black, cylindrical, sulcate, ca. 12 mm long, 4 mm wide, enveloped in a fleshy aril, the seed and aril produced into a narrow basal spur.

  • Provided by: [C].Flora de Panama
    • Source: [
    • 3
    • ]. 

    Arbusto o árbol, (1–)3–20 m, a veces epífito, a menudo con raíces zancudas; resina blanca. Hojas sésiles o con pecíolo hasta ca. 0.2 cm; lámina que seca café a café claro (a menudo con un tono rojo), 11–25 X 2.5–5 cm, oblanceolada a subespatulada, atenuada en la base (y con los márgenes revolutos), aguda a acuminada en el ápice, glabra en ambas caras, con 50–100+ nervios secundarios por lado 1–2 mm distantes, indistintos, que se unen en un nervio submarginal (1–2 mm del margen). Infls. erectas, 5–11 cm, glabras. Botones florales 7–10 mm, ± globosos. Fls. con los sépalos externos separados, persistentes en fr.; anteras (fls. estami-  nadas) 1 mm, oblongo-elipsoides; estilos (fls. pistiladas) nulos; estigmas 4–6. Frs. verdes o verde morado, 3–4 cm, piriformes y que raramente secan con un rostro hasta ca. 0.4 cm; semillas ca. 15 mm.

  • Provided by: [D].Manual de Plantas de Costa Rica
    • Source: [
    • 4
    • ]. 

    Habit

    Shrub or tree

  • Provided by: [C].Flora de Panama
    • Source: [
    • 3
    • ]. 

    Distribution

    ranges from Venezuela and Bolivia to Costa Rica.

  • Provided by: [C].Flora de Panama
    • Source: [
    • 3
    • ]. 

    Distribution Map

     
    • Native distribution
    Found in
    • Southern America Brazil Amazonas

     Information From

    Clusiaceae
    World Flora Online Data. 2017.
    • A CC0 1.0 Universal (CC0 1.0).
    MBG Floras Images
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    Flora images. Missouri Botanical Garden. Accessed on Jun. 2018.
    • B Missouri Botanical Garden
    Flora de Panama
    http://www.tropicos.org/Project/PAC
    Robert E. Woodson, Jr. and Robert W. Schery Annals of the Missouri Botanical Garden Vol. 67, No. 4 (1980), pp. ii-xxxiii
    • C Missouri Botanical Garden
    Manual de Plantas de Costa Rica
    http://www.tropicos.org/Project/Costa%20Rica
    Hammel, B. E.; Grayum, M. H.; Herrera, C.; Zamora, N. Manual de Plantas de Costa Rica. Missouri Botanical Garden Press, 2003-2014
    • D Missouri Botanical Garden
    Flora de Nicaragua
    http://www.tropicos.org/projectwebportal.aspx?projectid=7&pagename=Home&langid=66
    WD Stevens, CU Ulloa, A Pool and OM Montiel. Missouri Botanical Garden Press, 2001
    • E Missouri Botanical Garden
    Brazilian Flora 2020 project - Projeto Flora do Brasil 2020
    http://floradobrasil.jbrj.gov.br
    Brazil Flora G (2014): Brazilian Flora 2020 project - Projeto Flora do Brasil 2020. v393.147. Instituto de Pesquisas Jardim Botanico do Rio de Janeiro. Dataset/Checklist. doi:10.15468/1mtkaw
    • F Group Brazil Flora, REFLORA Program
    World Flora Online consortium
    http://www.worldfloraonline.org/organisation/WFO
    World Flora Online Data. 2018.
    • G CC0 1.0 Universal (CC0 1.0).
    Global Tree Search
    https://tools.bgci.org/global_tree_search.php
    BGCI. 2018. GlobalTreeSearch online database. Botanic Gardens Conservation International. Richmond, U.K. Available at www.bgci.org. Accessed on 30/11/2018.
    • H Botanic Gardens Conservation International