Rhipsalis baccifera (J.S.Muell.) Stearn
  • Cact. J. (Croydon)
  • Enxerto, Conambaia, Tripa-de-galinha


Cite taxon page as 'WFO (2020): Rhipsalis baccifera (J.S.Muell.) Stearn. Published on the Internet;http://www.worldfloraonline.org/taxon/wfo-0000399853. Accessed on: 03 Apr 2020'

General Information

Rhipsalis baccifera (J.S. Muell.) Stearn, Cact. J. (Croydon) 7: 107. 1939; Cassytha baccifera J.S. Muell.; R. cassutha Gaertn.; R. bartlettii Clover.

Epífitas o saxícolas, colgantes, muy ramificadas, hasta 3 m de largo, ramas apareadas o verticiladas, teretes, 2–6 mm de diámetro, suculentas; aréolas desnudas o con 1 o unas pocas cerdas, especialmente cuando jóvenes. Flores 0.3–0.6 cm de largo; partes sepaloides del perianto pocas, 0.5 mm de largo y de ancho, verdes; partes petaloides del perianto patentes, pocas, 0.1–0.2 cm de largo y ca 0.1 cm de ancho, blancas; estilo 0.2–0.3 cm de largo, blanco, lobos del estigma ca 5. Frutos globosos, 4–6 mm de largo, translúcidos, jugosos, blancos o rosados; semillas negras, ca 1 mm de largo.

Común en bosques húmedos o muy húmedos, zona atlántica; 0–1500 m; fl y fr todo el año, pero principalmente ene–may; Guzmán 729, Stevens 8477; Estados Unidos (Florida), México a Argentina, las Antillas, Africa, Madagascar, islas Mascarenas y Sri Lanka. Un género con quizás 50 especies de América subtropical y tropical, Africa e islas del océano Indico, aunque mejor representado en Brasil. R. bartlettii estuvo basada en especímenes con un desarrollo profuso de la lana en algunas aréolas. Se cree que esto es una condición anormal, quizás causada por insectos, los cuales se encuentran ocasionalmente en otras especie. "Suelda con suelda".

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    Morphology

    Fruit 4–8 mm. in diameter, a spherical or elongate white or pink berry, pellucid, surmounted by the remains of perianth, with a viscid pulp.

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    Seeds c. 1 mm. long, black, glossy, finely pitted, subpyriform.

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    Ovary prominent, c. 3 × 2·5 mm., with numerous ovules; style thick, ± as long as segments of perianth; stigma 3–5-partite with oblong fleshy spreading lobes.

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    Stamens c. 20, slightly shorter than inner segments of perianth; anthers ± 0·5 mm. in diameter, globular.

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    Perianth-segments unequal, the outermost ± triangular to oblong, unequal, the inner ones up to 3 mm. long, oblong to ovate-oblong, spreading, translucent.

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    Flowers up to 10 mm. in diameter, white or greenish-white, often numerous along the branches.

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    Much-branched succulent unarmed epiphytic shrub up to 3 m. long, pendent; stems ± furrowed, green or pale green, with ± verticillate articulated branches up to 1 m. long, sometimes producing adventitious roots at branch apices; branches cylindrical, green, leafless; young plants with areoles subtended by minute triangular scales with 1(2) deciduous tufted setae.

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    Perianth-segments 9–12, outermost triangular, inner oblong, obtuse, 2–3 mm. long.

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    Stamens ± 10–20, inserted at base of perianth, ± as long as perianth.

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    Flowers lateral, solitary, small, white or yellowish.

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    Seeds black, glossy, subpyriform, ± 1 mm. long.

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    Fig. 2, p. 6.

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    Style thick; stigmas 3–5.

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    Berry spherical or somewhat elongate, 5–8 mm. in diameter, pellucid, white, pink or red.

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    Much-branched pendent epiphytic shrub l–3(–9) m. long.

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    Areoles subtended by minute triangular scales, naked or with l(–2) short stiff bristles 1 mm. long.

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    Stems slender, cylindric, 2–8 mm. in diameter, sometimes slightly furrowed, arising in pairs or clusters from tips of older branches, pale green, occasionally producing adventitious roots.

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    Distribution Map

     
    • Native distribution
    Found in
    • Southern America Brazil Acre
    • Amapí
    • Amazonas
    • Parí
    • Roraima
    • Ceará
    • Maranh
    • Paraába
    • Pernambuco
    • Rio Grande do Norte
    • Mato Grosso
    • Mato Grosso do Sul

    Synonyms

    Other Local Names

    NameLanguageCountry
    Enxerto, Conambaia, Tripa-de-galinhaPortuguese

     Information From

    Cactaceae
    World Flora Online Data. 2017.
    • A CC0 1.0 Universal (CC0 1.0).
    MBG Floras Images
    http://www.tropicos.org/ImageSearch.aspx
    Flora images. Missouri Botanical Garden. Accessed on Jun. 2018.
    • B Missouri Botanical Garden
    • C Missouri Botanical Garden
    Plants Of the World Online Portal - FTEA
    https://www.kew.org/science/who-we-are-and-what-we-do/strategic-outputs-2020/plants-of-the-world-online
    http://www.plantsoftheworldonline.org/terms-and-conditions
    • D
    Brazilian Flora 2020 project - Projeto Flora do Brasil 2020
    http://floradobrasil.jbrj.gov.br
    Brazil Flora G (2014): Brazilian Flora 2020 project - Projeto Flora do Brasil 2020. v393.147. Instituto de Pesquisas Jardim Botanico do Rio de Janeiro. Dataset/Checklist. doi:10.15468/1mtkaw
    • E Group Brazil Flora, REFLORA Program
    Plants Of the World Online Portal - FZ
    https://www.kew.org/science/who-we-are-and-what-we-do/strategic-outputs-2020/plants-of-the-world-online
    http://www.plantsoftheworldonline.org/terms-and-conditions
    • F
    Flora de Nicaragua
    http://www.tropicos.org/projectwebportal.aspx?projectid=7&pagename=Home&langid=66
    WD Stevens, CU Ulloa, A Pool and OM Montiel. Missouri Botanical Garden Press, 2001
    • G Missouri Botanical Garden
    World Flora Online consortium
    http://www.worldfloraonline.org/organisation/WFO
    World Flora Online Data. 2018.
    • H CC0 1.0 Universal (CC0 1.0).
    International Union for Conservation of Nature v.3
    https://www.iucnredlist.org/
    IUCN 2019. The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Version 2019-1.
    • I See IUCN Terms and conditions of use http://www.iucnredlist.org/info/terms-of-use
    International Union for Conservation of Nature
    https://www.iucn.org/
    IUCN 2016. IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Version 2016-2
    • J All Rights Reserved