Protium costaricense (Rose) Engl.
  • Nat. Pflanzenfam. ed. 2


Cite taxon page as 'WFO (2019): Protium costaricense (Rose) Engl. Published on the Internet;http://www.worldfloraonline.org/taxon/wfo-0000397095. Accessed on: 11 Dec 2019'

General Information

Protium costaricense (Rose) Engl. in Engl. & Prantl, Nat. Pflanzenfam., ed. 2, 19a: 414. 1931; Icica costaricensis Rose; P. salvozae Standl.

Arboles, 8–22 m de alto, se dice que la resina no tiene olor fuerte; ramas jóvenes, nervio principal de los folíolos y raquis de la inflorescencia densa a esparcidamente cubiertos con tricomas simples, hispídulos, largos, café-amarillentos, a menudo mezclados con tricomas puberulentos cortos. Hojas 11–34 cm de largo; folíolos (1–) 3–9, los laterales no basales lanceolados o elípticos, 6–16 cm de largo y 2.5–6 cm de ancho, ápice cuspidado con acumen 0.5–1.5 cm de largo (acuminado), base cuneada, margen entero o undulado, no papilosos, envés a veces con tricomas malpigiáceos de brazos largos, rojos; peciólulos laterales 5–11 mm de largo, generalmente sólo el pulvínulo distal conspicuo. Inflorescencias racemiformes con la mayoría de ramas cerca de la base a angostamente paniculadas, 5–8 cm de largo, no flexuosas, flores pediceladas, 4-meras; cáliz 0.3–0.6 mm de largo, superficie abaxial glabra o con tricomas adpresos, café-amarillentos, esparcidos; pétalos 2–2.6 mm de largo, libres, ambas superficies glabras y papilosas en los márgenes o con escasos tricomas adpresos, café-amarillentos y papilosos; flores estaminadas con disco 1.5–2 veces la longitud del pistilodio, glabro, pistilodio pubescente; flores pistiladas con estaminodios sobrepasados por el pistilo, disco glabro, ovario ovoide, estrechándose gradualmente en un estilo grueso, densamente cubierto con tricomas café-amarillentos. Frutos ampliamente elipsoides a ovoides, 1.2–2.5 cm de largo y 1–2.2 cm de ancho, ápice obtuso, sin estípite a subestipitados, rojos o cafés; pirenos 1–3, elípticos o lanceolados en su lado más ancho, 10–13 mm de largo y 8–9 mm de ancho.

Rara en bosques muy húmedos, zona atlántica; 0–120 m; fl jul, fr ene; Rueda 1612, 5338; Nicaragua a Panamá. Véase la discusión de P. confusum. "Alcanfor".

  • Provided by: [C].Flora de Nicaragua
    • Source: [
    • 1
    • ]. 

    basally; disc 8-lobed, annular, glabrous, less than 1 mm high, surrounding the base of the ovary; ovary ovoid, pubescent, tapering into the style, 1.5 mm high in carpellate flowers, the style persistent in fruit, the stigma 4-lobed. Fruits obliquely ovoid, acute, stipitate, puberulent to almost glabrate, the exocarp red, spotted with lighter lenticels, 13-16 mm long and 11-12 mm in diameter; pyrenes 1, white.

  • Provided by: [B].Flora de Panama
    • Source: [
    • 2
    • ]. 

    Trees, 4-8 m high; branchlets densely brownish-hirtellous and minutely puberulent, marked with light lenticels. Leaves odd-pinnate, 13-44 cm long, 10.5-24 cm wide; petioles canaliculate, 2.5-6.5 cm long, they and rachises densely brownish-hirtellous and minutely puberulent; leaflets (3-) 5-7 (-9), elliptic, oblong, ovate, or obovate, slightly inequilateral, abruptly acuminate, cune- ate basally, subcoriaceous, margins entire, brownish-hirtellous and minutely puberulent, especially on the veins, becoming glabrate between the veins, the laterals 6-14 cm long and 2.5-6 cm wide, the terminals 8.5-11.5 cm long and 3.5-5.5 cm wide, the lowermost pair smallest; petiolules slightly swollen apically, densely brownish-hirtellous and minutely puberulent, the laterals 5-10 mm long, the terminals 18-26 mm long. Inflorescences axillary panicles, few- branched from the base, densely brownish-hirtellous and minutely puberulent, becoming glabrate, 1-5 cm long. Flowers yellow, 4-merous; pedicels sparsely puberulent, 1.5-2 mm long, calyx cupuliform, 1 mm high, 4-lobed, the lobes broadly triangular, acuminate, a little shorter than the tube, sparsely puberulent; petals 4 oblong-triangular, the upper half spreading, sparsely puberulent on both surfaces, the margins papillose, inflexed apiculate apically, 3 mm long and 1.5 mm wide; stamens 8, 2 mm high in carpellate flowers, the filaments subulate, dilated

  • Provided by: [B].Flora de Panama
    • Source: [
    • 2
    • ]. 

    Habit

    Trees

  • Provided by: [B].Flora de Panama
    • Source: [
    • 2
    • ]. 

    Distribution

    Costa Rica and Panama.

  • Provided by: [B].Flora de Panama
    • Source: [
    • 2
    • ]. 

     Information From

    Burseraceae
    World Flora Online Data. 2017.
    • A CC0 1.0 Universal (CC0 1.0).
    Flora de Panama
    http://www.tropicos.org/Project/PAC
    Robert E. Woodson, Jr. and Robert W. Schery Annals of the Missouri Botanical Garden Vol. 67, No. 4 (1980), pp. ii-xxxiii
    • B Missouri Botanical Garden
    Flora de Nicaragua
    http://www.tropicos.org/projectwebportal.aspx?projectid=7&pagename=Home&langid=66
    WD Stevens, CU Ulloa, A Pool and OM Montiel. Missouri Botanical Garden Press, 2001
    • C Missouri Botanical Garden
    World Flora Online consortium
    http://www.worldfloraonline.org/organisation/WFO
    World Flora Online Data. 2018.
    • D CC0 1.0 Universal (CC0 1.0).
    Global Tree Assessment
    http://www.bgci.org/
    BGCI. 2018. GlobalTreeSearch online database. Botanic Gardens Conservation International. Richmond, U.K. Available at www.bgci.org. Accessed on 30/11/2018.
    • E Botanic Gardens Conservation International