Pimpinella anisum L.
  • Sp. Pl.


Cite taxon page as 'WFO (2020): Pimpinella anisum L. Published on the Internet;http://www.worldfloraonline.org/taxon/wfo-0000390925. Accessed on: 02 Apr 2020'

General Information

Plants annual, 10–50 cm, sparsely shortly pubescent throughout, strongly aromatic. Taproot slender. Stem much-branched. Leaves heteromorphic. Basal leaves simple; petioles 2–5 cm; blade reniform or broad-ovate, 1–3 × 1.2–2.8 cm, puberulent along veins, margin serrate. Cauline leaves 1–2-pinnate; ultimate segments ovate or ovate-lanceolate, 6–17 × 2–7 mm, 3-lobed margin serrate or lacerate. Leaves reduced upwards, becoming 3-lobed; lobes lanceolate or linear-lanceolate. Umbels 1.5–6 cm across; bracts 1(or 2) or absent, linear-lanceolate, 1–2 mm; rays 7–15, 1–4 cm, unequal; bracteoles 1(or 2) or absent, linear, 2–3 mm; umbellules 5–10 mm across, ca. 10-flowered; pedicels 2–6 mm, extending to 10 mm in fruit. Calyx teeth obsolete. Petals white, obcordate, abaxially pubescent, apex with incurved lobule. Stylopodium conic; styles ca. 3 × stylopodium, ca. 0.5 × fruit, spreading or reflexed. Fruit oblong-ovoid, 3–5 × 2–2.5 mm, densely appressed setose-hairy; vittae 2–4 in each furrow, 4–8 on commissure, nearly forming a continuous ring around seed. Seed face plane. Fl. Jun–Jul, fr. Aug–Sep. 2n = 20.

  • Provided by: [C].Flora Of CHina @ efloras.org
    • Source: [
    • 1
    • ]. 

    1. Pimpinella anisum L., Sp. Pl. 264 (1753). Lectotipo (designado por Yurtseva, 1995): Egipto, Anon. (LINN-373.10). Ilustr.: Mathias et al., Fl. Il. Catarin. Umbel&iacutre;feras 60, t. 19 (1972). N.v.: Anís.

    Por L. Constance y J. Affolter.

    Anisum vulgare Gaertn.

    Plantas 10-80 cm, anuales, erectas, ramificadas, pilosas a glabrescentes, con raíz axonomorfa delgada. Hojas 5-15 × 6-8 cm, las inferiores oblongas a ovadas, ternadas o pinnadas (o algunas simples), los folíolos 2-3 cm, peciolulados o sésiles, ovales a obovados, groseramente lobados o dentados, la base cuneada, el ápice redondeado; hojas superiores sésiles, 2-3-pinnadas o -ternadas, con divisiones agudas, lineares; pecíolos 5-10 cm. Pedúnculos 2-10 cm; involucro e involucelo de 1 o más; brácteas filiformes o ausentes; radios 10-20, 2-6 cm, pilosos a glabrescentes; pedicelos 3-8 mm, patentes, desiguales, pilosos a glabrescentes. Dientes del cáliz ausentes; pétalos oblongos a ovales, pilosos dorsalmente, blancos; estilopodio cónico. Frutos 3-5 × 2-3 mm, oblongos a ovoides, angostándose hacia el ápice, pilosos, la base redondeada; carpóforo partido hasta la mitad; costillas prominentes, no aladas; vitas 4-8 en los intervalos, 2-3 en las comisuras; cara de la semilla cóncava. Ampliamente cultivada como condimento en las regiones cálidas del mundo; en ocasiones escapada. Y (Standley, 1930: 375); G ( H.M.R. 1293, F); ES (Standley y Calderón, 1941: 375); N ( Rueda et al. 12842, MO ). 0-2000 m. (Nativa de Eurasia; ampliamente cultivada en todo el mundo.)

  • Provided by: [E].Flora Mesoamericana
    • Source: [
    • 2
    • ]. 

    "P. major (L.) Hudson, with hollow stem and prominently ribbed, pentagonal mericarps, and P. anisum L., with puberulent frs, are merely casual or waifs with us."

  • Provided by: [D].New York Botanical Garden
    • Source: [
    • 3
    • ]. 

     Information From

    Apiaceae
    World Flora Online Data. 2017.
    • A CC0 1.0 Universal (CC0 1.0).
    MBG Floras Images
    http://www.tropicos.org/ImageSearch.aspx
    Flora images. Missouri Botanical Garden. Accessed on Jun. 2018.
    • B Missouri Botanical Garden
    Flora Of CHina @ efloras.org
    http://www.efloras.org/flora_page.aspx?flora_id=2
    'Flora of China @ eFloras (2008). Published on the Internet http://www.efloras.org/flora_page.aspx?flora_id=2 [accessed August 2016]' Missouri Botanical Garden, St. Louis, MO & Harvard University Herbaria, Cambridge, MA.
    • C Missouri Botanical Garden
    New York Botanical Garden
    Descriptions of plants should be attributed to the full citation for each individual article, chapter or book that is the source for each record, which should include the authors of original publication.
    • D Content licensed under Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike 3.0 Unported License
    Flora Mesoamericana
    http://www.mobot.org/MOBOT/fm/
    Gerrit Davidse, Mario Sousa Sánchez, A. O. Chater, Universidad Nacional Autónoma de México. Instituto de Biología, Missouri Botanical Garden, Natural History Museum (London, England) UNAM, 1994
    • E Missouri Botanical Garden
    World Flora Online consortium
    http://www.worldfloraonline.org/organisation/WFO
    World Flora Online Data. 2018.
    • F CC0 1.0 Universal (CC0 1.0).