Nopalea cochenillifera (L.) Salm-Dyck
  • Cact. Hort. Dyck.
  • Nopal chamacuero, cochineal nopal cactus, tunita


Cite taxon page as 'WFO (2020): Nopalea cochenillifera (L.) Salm-Dyck. Published on the Internet;http://www.worldfloraonline.org/taxon/wfo-0000378923. Accessed on: 08 Apr 2020'

General Information

Shrubs or trees to 4-5 m; trunks 15-20 cm diam. Stem segments linear to narrowly obovate, some-times slightly falcate, (10-)15-35(-50) × 5-15 cm; areoles 2-3+ cm apart, 2-5 mm diam.; wool tawny, whitening with age. Spines usually absent or 1(-3), particularly on older pads, straight or curved, brown, aging gray, stout, to 2 cm. Glochids inconspicuous. Flowers 4-7 cm; inner tepals spatulate; crowded pink filaments and white style much longer than tepals, to 15 mm; nectar chamber elliptic to obconic. Fruits ellipsoid, 25-40 × 20-25 mm; areoles well distributed. Seeds tan to gray, 3-5 × 1.5-3 mm, slightly pubescent. 2n = 22 (Mexico, Puerto Rico as an escape).

  • Provided by: [D].Flora of North America @ efloras.org
    • Source: [
    • 4
    • ]. 

    Stout shrubs to 4 m. tall, the older trunks broadly cylindric, to 2 din. thick, the young stem joints elliptic-oblong, to 5 dm. long, green, the areoles without spines or nearly so. Flowers pink to deep red, the perianth segments erect or nearly so, the outer 0.5-1.5 cm. long, deltoid, the inner broadly oblong-obovate, 1.5-2.5 cm. long, the hypanthium naked, broadly campanulate or urceolate, 1.0-1.5 cm. long, about 1 cm. broad at the orifice; staminal filaments 2.5-3.5 cm. long, pink; ovary 2-3 cm. long, about 1.5 cm. broad, oblong-turbinate, truncate and deeply concave, tuberculate, the areoles unarmed. Berry oblongoid-turbinate, about 5 cm. long, deep red when ripe.

  • Provided by: [E].Flora de Panama
    • Source: [
    • 6
    • 5
    • ]. 

    Distribution

    Original habitat unknown, widely cultivated and escaped in tropical America.

  • Provided by: [E].Flora de Panama
    • Source: [
    • 6
    • 5
    • ]. 

    Distribution Map

     
    • Introduced distribution
    Introduced into
    • Southern America Brazil Alagoas
    • Bahia
    • Ceará
    • Paraába
    • Pernambuco
    • Rio Grande do Norte
    • Paraní
    • Santa Catarina
    • Espirito Santo
    • Minas Gerais
    • Rio de Janeiro
    • São Paulo
    • Brazilia Distrito Federal
    • Goiás

    Other Local Names

    NameLanguageCountry
    Nopal chamacuero, cochineal nopal cactus, tunita
    Palmatória, Palma, Palma-miuda, Palma-docePortuguese

     Information From

    Brazilian Flora 2020 project - Projeto Flora do Brasil 2020
    http://floradobrasil.jbrj.gov.br
    Brazil Flora G (2014): Brazilian Flora 2020 project - Projeto Flora do Brasil 2020. v393.147. Instituto de Pesquisas Jardim Botanico do Rio de Janeiro. Dataset/Checklist. doi:10.15468/1mtkaw
    • A Group Brazil Flora, REFLORA Program
    Cactaceae
    World Flora Online Data. 2017.
    • B CC0 1.0 Universal (CC0 1.0).
    MBG Floras Images
    http://www.tropicos.org/ImageSearch.aspx
    Flora images. Missouri Botanical Garden. Accessed on Jun. 2018.
    • C Missouri Botanical Garden
    Flora of North America @ efloras.org
    http://www.efloras.org/flora_page.aspx?flora_id=1
    'Flora of North America @ eFloras (2008). Published on the Internet http://www.efloras.org/flora_page.aspx?flora_id=1 [accessed August 2016]' Missouri Botanical Garden, St. Louis, MO & Harvard University Herbaria, Cambridge, MA.
    • D Flora of North America Association
    Flora de Panama
    http://www.tropicos.org/Project/PAC
    Robert E. Woodson, Jr. and Robert W. Schery Annals of the Missouri Botanical Garden Vol. 67, No. 4 (1980), pp. ii-xxxiii
    • E Missouri Botanical Garden
    World Flora Online consortium
    http://www.worldfloraonline.org/organisation/WFO
    World Flora Online Data. 2018.
    • F CC0 1.0 Universal (CC0 1.0).
    International Union for Conservation of Nature v.3
    https://www.iucnredlist.org/
    IUCN 2019. The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Version 2019-1.
    • G See IUCN Terms and conditions of use http://www.iucnredlist.org/info/terms-of-use
    International Union for Conservation of Nature
    https://www.iucn.org/
    IUCN 2016. IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Version 2016-2
    • H All Rights Reserved