Mangifera indica L.
  • Sp. Pl.
  • Mango


Cite taxon page as 'WFO (2021): Mangifera indica L. Published on the Internet;http://www.worldfloraonline.org/taxon/wfo-0000371248. Accessed on: 14 Jun 2021'

General Information

Trees, 10-20 m tall; branchlets brown, glabrous. Petiole 2-6 cm, grooved apically, inflated basally; leaf blade oblong to oblong-lanceolate, 12-30 × 3.5-6.5 cm, leathery, deep green adaxially, light green abaxially, glabrous on both sides, base cuneate to obtuse, margin entire, undulate, apex acute to long acuminate, lateral veins 20-25 pairs, midrib prominent on both sides, reticulate venation obscure. Inflorescence paniculate, terminal, 20-35 cm, glabrous to tomentose-pilose; bracts ca. 1.5 mm, lanceolate pubescent. Pedicels 1.5-3 mm, articulate. Sepals ovate-lanceolate, 2.5-3 × ca. 1.5 mm, glabrous to pubescent, acuminate. Petals light yellow with prominent red tree-shaped pattern adaxially, oblong or oblong-lanceolate, 3.5-4 × ca. 1.5 mm, glabrous, recurved at anthesis. Fertile stamen 1, ca. 2.5 mm, with ovate anther; staminodes 4, 0.7-1 mm. Disk inflated, fleshy, 5-lobed. Ovary oblique, ovate, ca. 1.5 mm in diam. at anthesis; style ca. 2.5 mm, eccentric. Drupe oblong to subreniform, greenish yellow to red, 5-10 × 3-4.5 cm; fleshy mesocarp bright yellow; endocarp ± compressed. Fl. Mar-Apr, fr. May-Jul.

  • Provided by: [K].Flora Of CHina @ efloras.org
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    Mangifera indica L., Sp. Pl. 200. 1753.

    Arboles grandes, hasta 40 m de alto y ca 150 cm de ancho, corteza exterior grisácea a café negruzca, longitudinalmente fisurada, corteza interna amarilla, savia clara a café-amarillenta; plantas hermafroditas. Hojas alternas, agrandadas en los extremos de las ramas, siempreverdes, simples, lanceoladas, estrechamente oblongas o elípticas, 8–20 cm de largo y 2–10 cm de ancho, ápice agudo a acuminado, base cuneada, cortamente atenuada u obtusa, generalmente rojizas cuando jóvenes, tornándose verde obscuras y lustrosas cuando maduras, gruesamente cartáceas a coriáceas, nervio principal apenas prominente a prominente en la haz, prominente en el envés, 12–30 pares de nervios secundarios, prominentes en ambas superficies; pecíolo 0.8–6 cm de largo. Inflorescencia pleiotirsoide, terminal o a veces en las axilas de las hojas superiores, 10–40 (–60) cm de largo, escasa a densamente pubescente, pedúnculo 15–25 mm de largo, brácteas lanceoladas a ovadas, 15–25 mm de largo, pedicelos 1–3 mm de largo, articulados, glabros a densamente pubescentes; cáliz y corola imbricados, 5-meros; sépalos lanceolados a ovados, 2–2.6 mm de largo y 1–1.5 mm de ancho, pubescentes abaxialmente; pétalos elípticos a oblanceolados, 3–5 mm de largo y 1–1.5 mm de ancho, apicalmente reflexos, escasamente pubescentes distalmente, inicialmente blanco-verdosos a amarillo pálidos y tornándose rosados a café-rojizos, con 3–5 crestas glandulares amarillas a moradas o cafés en la superficie adaxial; disco extrastaminal de 5 lobos gruesos, frecuentemente libres; estambres 5, 1 ó 2 fértiles con filamento 3–5 mm de largo, los estambres restantes estériles, 0.7–1 mm de largo, anteras 0.6–0.8 mm de largo; ovario deprimido globoso, 1–1.5 mm de largo, 1-locular con 1 óvulo basal, estilo 1–2 mm de largo, lateral o excéntrico, curvado, estigma punctiforme. Fruto variable en forma y tamaño, globoso a oblongo-ovoide o subreniforme, a veces lateralmente comprimido, 8–30 cm de largo, verde, amarillo, anaranjado o rojo, mesocarpo carnoso, anaranjado, endocarpo fibroso; semilla lateralmente comprimida, embrión subreniforme con cotiledones plano-convexos, a menudo desiguales y lobados.

    Cultivada, en todo el país; 0–1400 m; fl nov–may, fr ene–may; Hahn 441, Stevens 6279; nativa de Asia tropical y cultivada en todos los trópicos y subtrópicos. Un género asiático con ca 69 especies. "Mango".

    A.J.G.H. Kostermans y J.M. Bompard. The Mangoes. Their Botany, Nomenclature, Horticulture and Utilization. 1993.

  • Provided by: [M].Flora de Nicaragua
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    Tree 5-40 m high, the branches glabrous. Leaves with petioles 0.8-6.2 cm long; blades oblong-lanceolate to oblong or narrowly elliptic-lanceolate, apically acu- minate or acute (rarely obtuse), basally cuneate to narrowly obtuse, 9-36 cm long, 2-7 cm broad, subcoriaceous or coriaceous, marginally straight or subundulate, glabrous on both surfaces, often glossy above and with prominulous or prominent reticulation. Panicles 15-50 cm long, densely flowered, pyramidal, the branches irregularly pilosulous and often spreading. Flowers 5-merous, the pedicels 0.5-4(-6) mm long; calyx-segments ovate-lanceolate, concave, 1.5-3 mm long, externally pu- bescent, spreading but arcuate and the distil portion ascending; petals oblanceolate or obovate to oblong, acute to obtuse or rounded, plicate toward the base, each producing a ventro-basal flap of tissue extending between the lobes of the disc, yellow or cream or pink (the ventral ridges often dark-red or rose-colored and imparting a streaked appearance to the corolla), 3-5 mm long, spreading or some- what ascending, strongly recurved at the tip; disc consisting of 5 separate (some- times apically coalescent) tumid cushions in a whorl between the stamens and petals and alternate with the petals; stamens 5, 1 large and fertile, the rest reduced to staminodes; ovary obliquely subglobose or ovoid, the style slender, often subequal in length to the fertile stamen. Drupes large (from 6 cm), often oblong or subreni- form, frequently yellow externally (varying from yellow to green or apricot), the mesocarp thick and juicy, often orange or yellow in color.

  • Provided by: [H].Flora de Panama
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    A glabrous tree up to 15 m tall. Leaves 11-24 x 4-8 cm, oblong, lanceolate, acuminate, coriaceous, shiny and dark green on upper surface. Flowering panicles erect, conspicuous, longer than the leaves, pubescent. Calyx lobes ovate, pubescent on the outside. Petals imbricate, oblong, inner surface prominently 3-nerved. Drupe ± ovoid in outline, compressed, 3.5-20 cm long. Mesocarp fleshy. Endocarp (stone) hard and fibrous.

  • Provided by: [G].Flora of Pakistan
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    Morphology

    Widely cultivated but here and there well established in secondary bush.

  • Provided by: [L].Plants Of the World Online Portal - FWTA
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    Tree 10–40 m. high, with dense dome-shaped crown; trunk stout, with greyish-brown fissured bark; branchlets rather stout.

  • Provided by: [F].Plants Of the World Online Portal - FTEA
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    Drupe variable in size and shape, from rounded to ovoid-oblong and sometimes laterally depressed, 8–30 cm. long, 7–12 cm. broad, green to yellow or red.

  • Provided by: [F].Plants Of the World Online Portal - FTEA
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    Disk ± 2 mm. high, 5-lobed.

  • Provided by: [F].Plants Of the World Online Portal - FTEA
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    Pistil abortive in ♂; in hermaphrodite flowers ovary depressed-globose, 1.5 mm. long; style ± 2 mm. long, lateral, opposite the fertile stamen.

  • Provided by: [F].Plants Of the World Online Portal - FTEA
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    Stamens l(–2) fertile with filament 4–5 mm. long; anthers pink but turning purple at anthesis; staminodes 3(–4), very short.

  • Provided by: [F].Plants Of the World Online Portal - FTEA
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    Petals 5, 3–5 mm. long, 1–1.5 mm. broad, cream later becoming pinkish, with 3–5 darker yellow ridges on the inner surface.

  • Provided by: [F].Plants Of the World Online Portal - FTEA
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    Sepals 5, 2–2.5 mm. long, 1–1.5 mm. broad, green with whitish margin or yellowish green, hairy outside.

  • Provided by: [F].Plants Of the World Online Portal - FTEA
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    Inflorescence a widely branched terminal panicle 10–60 cm. long, branches often tinged red, pubescent or puberulous; pedicels 2–4 mm. long.

  • Provided by: [F].Plants Of the World Online Portal - FTEA
    • Source: [
    • 15
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    Leaves glabrous; petiole 2–4.5 cm. long, striate; lamina usually reddish in colour, later turning dark shiny green, oblong or oblong-lanceolate, 8–40 cm. long, 2–10 cm. broad, obtuse to acute or acuminate at the apex, cuneate at the base, coriaceous; midrib prominent on both sides but mainly beneath; lateral nerves and reticulation raised.

  • Provided by: [F].Plants Of the World Online Portal - FTEA
    • Source: [
    • 15
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    A tree 10–30 m. high; branchlets fulvous-puberulous, glabrescent when older.

  • Provided by: [E].Plants Of the World Online Portal - FZ
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    Panicle up to 30 cm. long, pyramidal, with the axis tomentose or puberulous.

  • Provided by: [E].Plants Of the World Online Portal - FZ
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    Leaves glabrous; petiole 2–4·5 cm. long, striate; lamina concolorous, green, (9) 10–33 × (2) 2·5–8 cm., oblong or oblong-lanceolate, obtuse to acute or acuminate at the apex, cuneate at the base, coriaceous; midrib prominent on both sides, mainly below, lateral nerves and reticulation raised.

  • Provided by: [E].Plants Of the World Online Portal - FZ
    • Source: [
    • 16
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    Drupe very variable in shape and size, 8–25 × 7–10 cm.

  • Provided by: [E].Plants Of the World Online Portal - FZ
    • Source: [
    • 16
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    Male and hermaphrodite flowers in the same panicle; pedicels 2–4 mm. long, puberulous.

  • Provided by: [E].Plants Of the World Online Portal - FZ
    • Source: [
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    Disk c. 2 mm. high, thick.

  • Provided by: [E].Plants Of the World Online Portal - FZ
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    Ovary 1·5 mm. long, depressed-globose; style c. 2 mm. long, lateral, opposite to the fertile stamen.

  • Provided by: [E].Plants Of the World Online Portal - FZ
    • Source: [
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    Petals 5, whitish with the 3–7 nerves reddish, 3–5 × 1–1·5 cm.

  • Provided by: [E].Plants Of the World Online Portal - FZ
    • Source: [
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    Stamens 1(2) fertile with filament 4–5 mm. long; staminodes 3(4), very short.

  • Provided by: [E].Plants Of the World Online Portal - FZ
    • Source: [
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    Sepals 5, green with whitish margin, 2–2·5 × 1–1·5 mm., sericeous-pilose outside.

  • Provided by: [E].Plants Of the World Online Portal - FZ
    • Source: [
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    Arbre'polygame de 10-40 m de haut, à cime compacte.'Feuilles'glabres; pétiole hémicylindrique, de 2-4,5 cm de long, strié; limbe oblong-lancéolé, aigu à la base et subobtus à acuminé au sommet, de 10-30 cm de long et 2,5-5 cm de large, ± coriace, luisant; nervation proéminente sur les deux faces; nervures secondaires 15-30 de chaque côté de la primaire.'Panicules'atteignant 25 cm de long; axes tomentelleux à pubérulents.'Fleurs'♂ et ☿ dans la même panicule; pédicelles de 2-3 mm de long, pubérulents, articulés au-dessus du milieu; sépales 5, lancéolés à ovales, de 2-2,5 mm de long et 1-1,5 mm de large, ± pubérulents; pétales 5, oblongs-obovales, de 3-4 mm de long et 2-2,5 mm de large, blanc jaunâtre, à 3-7 nervures épaisses rougeâtres sur la moitié inférieure de la face interne; étamines fertiles 1(2); staminodes (3)4; disque très épais, 5-lobé, granuleux; ovaire de 1-1,5 mm de diam., glabre, à style ± latéral de 1,5-2 mm de long opposé à l'étamine fertile.'Drupes'pendantes, de forme, dimensions et texture variables suivant les variétés, de 8-10 (25) cm de long et 7-8(10) de diam.; noyau fibreux-ligneux.'Graines oblongues-ovoïdes, comprimées.

  • Provided by: [J].Flore d'Afrique Centrale
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    Habit

    Tree

  • Provided by: [H].Flora de Panama
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    Mangifera indica grows as a tree to 20 meters in height with a diameter to 1 meter. The leaves are arranged alternately and are up to 25 cm in length and 10 cm wide. The leaves are glabrous with an acute leaf apex and an entire margin.The complete, perfect, actinomorphic flowers are arranged in panicles. Each flower is subtended by 3 bracts. There are 5 greenish, unfused sepals. There are 5 whitish, unfused petals. There are 1-2 stamens and 3-4 staminodes. The ovary is superior forming a drupe at maturity. The fruit turns red or yellow when ripe.

  • Provided by: [D].Leon Levy Native Plant Preserve
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    Habitat

    Mangifera indica occurs in Human Altered environments (yards, gardens, and farms). It persists in abandoned fields and yards for decades.

  • Provided by: [D].Leon Levy Native Plant Preserve
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    Distribution

    Although a native of the Indian Peninsula, the mango is cultivated through- out Latin America (also in southern Florida and southern California) as well as the tropics of the Old World. In many regions (as in Panama) it has becomes a significant naturalized element of the flora.

  • Provided by: [H].Flora de Panama
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    Mangifera indica is NOT native to the Lucayan Archipelago but grows throughout the island groupings. It is native to India but is widely grown as a fruit tree in tropical and subtropical zones.

  • Provided by: [D].Leon Levy Native Plant Preserve
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    Uses

    Mangifera indica is not known to be used medicinally in the Lucayan Archipelago.Mangifera indica is a highly desired cultivated species for its extremely tasty fruits. As it is related to species such as Poison Ivy and Poison Wood, the fruit may cause dermatitis in some individuals when eaten. Reactions can vary. Some individuals can not eat Mangifera indica at all, while others can eat it if the fruit is peeled, whereas others have no reaction of any kind.

  • Provided by: [D].Leon Levy Native Plant Preserve
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    Les mangues sont consommées à l'état frais ou sous forme de compote et de confiture. Il existe des centaines de variétés, donnant des fruits ± appréciés suivant l'épaisseur, la consistance et l'arôme de la chair. (Voir Dubois, L. et Van Laere, R., Le manguier au Congo belge et au Ruanda-Urundi, Minist. des Colonies, p. 1-84, f. 1-75, 1948; Gangolly, S.R. et Al., The Mango, p. I-XIII, 1-530, f. 1-226, 1957).

  • Provided by: [J].Flore d'Afrique Centrale
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    Common Names

    The Common Mango

  • Provided by: [L].Plants Of the World Online Portal - FWTA
    • Source: [
    • 4
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    Distribution Map

     
    • Introduced distribution
    Introduced into
    • Southern America Brazil Acre
    • Amapí
    • Amazonas
    • Parí
    • Rondônia
    • Roraima
    • Tocantins
    • Alagoas
    • Bahia
    • Ceará
    • Maranh
    • Paraába
    • Pernambuco
    • Piauá
    • Rio Grande do Norte
    • Sergipe
    • Paraní
    • Rio Grande do Sul
    • Santa Catarina
    • Espirito Santo
    • Minas Gerais
    • Rio de Janeiro
    • São Paulo
    • Brazilia Distrito Federal
    • Goiás
    • Mato Grosso
    • Mato Grosso do Sul

    Nationally Preferred Names

    NameLanguageCountry
    MangoEnglishBS

      Bibliography

     Information From

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    • Q See IUCN Terms and conditions of use http://www.iucnredlist.org/info/terms-of-use