Mangifera indica L.
  • Sp. Pl.


Cite taxon page as 'WFO (2020): Mangifera indica L. Published on the Internet;http://www.worldfloraonline.org/taxon/wfo-0000371248. Accessed on: 26 Oct 2020'

General Information

Trees, 10-20 m tall; branchlets brown, glabrous. Petiole 2-6 cm, grooved apically, inflated basally; leaf blade oblong to oblong-lanceolate, 12-30 × 3.5-6.5 cm, leathery, deep green adaxially, light green abaxially, glabrous on both sides, base cuneate to obtuse, margin entire, undulate, apex acute to long acuminate, lateral veins 20-25 pairs, midrib prominent on both sides, reticulate venation obscure. Inflorescence paniculate, terminal, 20-35 cm, glabrous to tomentose-pilose; bracts ca. 1.5 mm, lanceolate pubescent. Pedicels 1.5-3 mm, articulate. Sepals ovate-lanceolate, 2.5-3 × ca. 1.5 mm, glabrous to pubescent, acuminate. Petals light yellow with prominent red tree-shaped pattern adaxially, oblong or oblong-lanceolate, 3.5-4 × ca. 1.5 mm, glabrous, recurved at anthesis. Fertile stamen 1, ca. 2.5 mm, with ovate anther; staminodes 4, 0.7-1 mm. Disk inflated, fleshy, 5-lobed. Ovary oblique, ovate, ca. 1.5 mm in diam. at anthesis; style ca. 2.5 mm, eccentric. Drupe oblong to subreniform, greenish yellow to red, 5-10 × 3-4.5 cm; fleshy mesocarp bright yellow; endocarp ± compressed. Fl. Mar-Apr, fr. May-Jul.

  • Provided by: [G].Flora Of CHina @ efloras.org
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    Mangifera indica L., Sp. Pl. 200. 1753.

    Arboles grandes, hasta 40 m de alto y ca 150 cm de ancho, corteza exterior grisácea a café negruzca, longitudinalmente fisurada, corteza interna amarilla, savia clara a café-amarillenta; plantas hermafroditas. Hojas alternas, agrandadas en los extremos de las ramas, siempreverdes, simples, lanceoladas, estrechamente oblongas o elípticas, 8–20 cm de largo y 2–10 cm de ancho, ápice agudo a acuminado, base cuneada, cortamente atenuada u obtusa, generalmente rojizas cuando jóvenes, tornándose verde obscuras y lustrosas cuando maduras, gruesamente cartáceas a coriáceas, nervio principal apenas prominente a prominente en la haz, prominente en el envés, 12–30 pares de nervios secundarios, prominentes en ambas superficies; pecíolo 0.8–6 cm de largo. Inflorescencia pleiotirsoide, terminal o a veces en las axilas de las hojas superiores, 10–40 (–60) cm de largo, escasa a densamente pubescente, pedúnculo 15–25 mm de largo, brácteas lanceoladas a ovadas, 15–25 mm de largo, pedicelos 1–3 mm de largo, articulados, glabros a densamente pubescentes; cáliz y corola imbricados, 5-meros; sépalos lanceolados a ovados, 2–2.6 mm de largo y 1–1.5 mm de ancho, pubescentes abaxialmente; pétalos elípticos a oblanceolados, 3–5 mm de largo y 1–1.5 mm de ancho, apicalmente reflexos, escasamente pubescentes distalmente, inicialmente blanco-verdosos a amarillo pálidos y tornándose rosados a café-rojizos, con 3–5 crestas glandulares amarillas a moradas o cafés en la superficie adaxial; disco extrastaminal de 5 lobos gruesos, frecuentemente libres; estambres 5, 1 ó 2 fértiles con filamento 3–5 mm de largo, los estambres restantes estériles, 0.7–1 mm de largo, anteras 0.6–0.8 mm de largo; ovario deprimido globoso, 1–1.5 mm de largo, 1-locular con 1 óvulo basal, estilo 1–2 mm de largo, lateral o excéntrico, curvado, estigma punctiforme. Fruto variable en forma y tamaño, globoso a oblongo-ovoide o subreniforme, a veces lateralmente comprimido, 8–30 cm de largo, verde, amarillo, anaranjado o rojo, mesocarpo carnoso, anaranjado, endocarpo fibroso; semilla lateralmente comprimida, embrión subreniforme con cotiledones plano-convexos, a menudo desiguales y lobados.

    Cultivada, en todo el país; 0–1400 m; fl nov–may, fr ene–may; Hahn 441, Stevens 6279; nativa de Asia tropical y cultivada en todos los trópicos y subtrópicos. Un género asiático con ca 69 especies. "Mango".

    A.J.G.H. Kostermans y J.M. Bompard. The Mangoes. Their Botany, Nomenclature, Horticulture and Utilization. 1993.

  • Provided by: [I].Flora de Nicaragua
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    Tree 5-40 m high, the branches glabrous. Leaves with petioles 0.8-6.2 cm long; blades oblong-lanceolate to oblong or narrowly elliptic-lanceolate, apically acu- minate or acute (rarely obtuse), basally cuneate to narrowly obtuse, 9-36 cm long, 2-7 cm broad, subcoriaceous or coriaceous, marginally straight or subundulate, glabrous on both surfaces, often glossy above and with prominulous or prominent reticulation. Panicles 15-50 cm long, densely flowered, pyramidal, the branches irregularly pilosulous and often spreading. Flowers 5-merous, the pedicels 0.5-4(-6) mm long; calyx-segments ovate-lanceolate, concave, 1.5-3 mm long, externally pu- bescent, spreading but arcuate and the distil portion ascending; petals oblanceolate or obovate to oblong, acute to obtuse or rounded, plicate toward the base, each producing a ventro-basal flap of tissue extending between the lobes of the disc, yellow or cream or pink (the ventral ridges often dark-red or rose-colored and imparting a streaked appearance to the corolla), 3-5 mm long, spreading or some- what ascending, strongly recurved at the tip; disc consisting of 5 separate (some- times apically coalescent) tumid cushions in a whorl between the stamens and petals and alternate with the petals; stamens 5, 1 large and fertile, the rest reduced to staminodes; ovary obliquely subglobose or ovoid, the style slender, often subequal in length to the fertile stamen. Drupes large (from 6 cm), often oblong or subreni- form, frequently yellow externally (varying from yellow to green or apricot), the mesocarp thick and juicy, often orange or yellow in color.

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    Morphology

    Widely cultivated but here and there well established in secondary bush.

  • Provided by: [H].Plants Of the World Online Portal - FWTA
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    Tree 10–40 m. high, with dense dome-shaped crown; trunk stout, with greyish-brown fissured bark; branchlets rather stout.

  • Provided by: [D].Plants Of the World Online Portal - FTEA
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    Drupe variable in size and shape, from rounded to ovoid-oblong and sometimes laterally depressed, 8–30 cm. long, 7–12 cm. broad, green to yellow or red.

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    Disk ± 2 mm. high, 5-lobed.

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    Pistil abortive in ♂; in hermaphrodite flowers ovary depressed-globose, 1.5 mm. long; style ± 2 mm. long, lateral, opposite the fertile stamen.

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    Stamens l(–2) fertile with filament 4–5 mm. long; anthers pink but turning purple at anthesis; staminodes 3(–4), very short.

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    Petals 5, 3–5 mm. long, 1–1.5 mm. broad, cream later becoming pinkish, with 3–5 darker yellow ridges on the inner surface.

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    Sepals 5, 2–2.5 mm. long, 1–1.5 mm. broad, green with whitish margin or yellowish green, hairy outside.

  • Provided by: [D].Plants Of the World Online Portal - FTEA
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    Inflorescence a widely branched terminal panicle 10–60 cm. long, branches often tinged red, pubescent or puberulous; pedicels 2–4 mm. long.

  • Provided by: [D].Plants Of the World Online Portal - FTEA
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    Leaves glabrous; petiole 2–4.5 cm. long, striate; lamina usually reddish in colour, later turning dark shiny green, oblong or oblong-lanceolate, 8–40 cm. long, 2–10 cm. broad, obtuse to acute or acuminate at the apex, cuneate at the base, coriaceous; midrib prominent on both sides but mainly beneath; lateral nerves and reticulation raised.

  • Provided by: [D].Plants Of the World Online Portal - FTEA
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    • 15
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    A tree 10–30 m. high; branchlets fulvous-puberulous, glabrescent when older.

  • Provided by: [C].Plants Of the World Online Portal - FZ
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    Panicle up to 30 cm. long, pyramidal, with the axis tomentose or puberulous.

  • Provided by: [C].Plants Of the World Online Portal - FZ
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    Leaves glabrous; petiole 2–4·5 cm. long, striate; lamina concolorous, green, (9) 10–33 × (2) 2·5–8 cm., oblong or oblong-lanceolate, obtuse to acute or acuminate at the apex, cuneate at the base, coriaceous; midrib prominent on both sides, mainly below, lateral nerves and reticulation raised.

  • Provided by: [C].Plants Of the World Online Portal - FZ
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    Drupe very variable in shape and size, 8–25 × 7–10 cm.

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    Male and hermaphrodite flowers in the same panicle; pedicels 2–4 mm. long, puberulous.

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    Disk c. 2 mm. high, thick.

  • Provided by: [C].Plants Of the World Online Portal - FZ
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    Ovary 1·5 mm. long, depressed-globose; style c. 2 mm. long, lateral, opposite to the fertile stamen.

  • Provided by: [C].Plants Of the World Online Portal - FZ
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    • 16
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    Petals 5, whitish with the 3–7 nerves reddish, 3–5 × 1–1·5 cm.

  • Provided by: [C].Plants Of the World Online Portal - FZ
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    Stamens 1(2) fertile with filament 4–5 mm. long; staminodes 3(4), very short.

  • Provided by: [C].Plants Of the World Online Portal - FZ
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    Sepals 5, green with whitish margin, 2–2·5 × 1–1·5 mm., sericeous-pilose outside.

  • Provided by: [C].Plants Of the World Online Portal - FZ
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    Habit

    Tree

  • Provided by: [E].Flora de Panama
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    Distribution

    Although a native of the Indian Peninsula, the mango is cultivated through- out Latin America (also in southern Florida and southern California) as well as the tropics of the Old World. In many regions (as in Panama) it has becomes a significant naturalized element of the flora.

  • Provided by: [E].Flora de Panama
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    Common Names

    The Common Mango

  • Provided by: [H].Plants Of the World Online Portal - FWTA
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    • 4
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    Distribution Map

     
    • Introduced distribution
    Introduced into
    • Southern America Brazil Acre
    • Amapí
    • Amazonas
    • Parí
    • Rondônia
    • Roraima
    • Tocantins
    • Alagoas
    • Bahia
    • Ceará
    • Maranh
    • Paraába
    • Pernambuco
    • Piauá
    • Rio Grande do Norte
    • Sergipe
    • Paraní
    • Rio Grande do Sul
    • Santa Catarina
    • Espirito Santo
    • Minas Gerais
    • Rio de Janeiro
    • São Paulo
    • Brazilia Distrito Federal
    • Goiás
    • Mato Grosso
    • Mato Grosso do Sul

     Information From

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    • A CC0 1.0 Universal (CC0 1.0).
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    • B Missouri Botanical Garden
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    https://www.kew.org/science/who-we-are-and-what-we-do/strategic-outputs-2020/plants-of-the-world-online
    http://www.plantsoftheworldonline.org/terms-and-conditions
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    Plants Of the World Online Portal - FTEA
    https://www.kew.org/science/who-we-are-and-what-we-do/strategic-outputs-2020/plants-of-the-world-online
    http://www.plantsoftheworldonline.org/terms-and-conditions
    • D
    Flora de Panama
    http://www.tropicos.org/Project/PAC
    Robert E. Woodson, Jr. and Robert W. Schery Annals of the Missouri Botanical Garden Vol. 67, No. 4 (1980), pp. ii-xxxiii
    • E Missouri Botanical Garden
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    http://www.efloras.org/flora_page.aspx?flora_id=2
    'Flora of China @ eFloras (2008). Published on the Internet http://www.efloras.org/flora_page.aspx?flora_id=2 [accessed August 2016]' Missouri Botanical Garden, St. Louis, MO & Harvard University Herbaria, Cambridge, MA.
    • G Missouri Botanical Garden
    Plants Of the World Online Portal - FWTA
    https://www.kew.org/science/who-we-are-and-what-we-do/strategic-outputs-2020/plants-of-the-world-online
    http://www.plantsoftheworldonline.org/terms-and-conditions
    • H The Trustees of the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew
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    World Flora Online consortium
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    • J CC0 1.0 Universal (CC0 1.0).
    Global Tree Search
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    • K Botanic Gardens Conservation International
    International Union for Conservation of Nature
    https://www.iucn.org/
    IUCN 2016. IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Version 2016-2
    • L All Rights Reserved
    International Union for Conservation of Nature v.3
    https://www.iucnredlist.org/
    IUCN 2019. The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Version 2019-1.
    • M See IUCN Terms and conditions of use http://www.iucnredlist.org/info/terms-of-use