Lannea schimperi (Hochst. ex A.Rich.) Engl.
  • Nat. Pflanzenfam.


Cite taxon page as 'WFO (2020): Lannea schimperi (Hochst. ex A.Rich.) Engl. Published on the Internet;http://www.worldfloraonline.org/taxon/wfo-0000360221. Accessed on: 31 Oct 2020'

Morphology

Flowers yellowish, usually produced before the leaves

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    Young parts with pinkish or reddish indumentum

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    Dark grey or black rough bark

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    A savannah tree, 6–25 ft. high

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    Calyx-segments ovate to subcircular 1.2–1.5 mm. long, covered with stellate hairs or nearly glabrous, ciliolate.

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    Petals oblong-ovate, 3–5 mm. long, 1.2–2.5 mm. broad, greenish to bright yellow, fragrant.

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    Drupe obliquely ovoid, compressed, 8–14 mm. long, 4–9 mm. wide, glabrous.

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    Fig. 2.

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    Inflorescences unbranched spike-like panicles, arising before the leaves or carried below them, crowded at the end of the short corky branches, ♂ up to 22 cm. long, ♀ up to 8 cm. long; axis tomentose; flowers in dense fascicles; pedicels 1.5–3 mm. long, tomentose.

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    Leaves appearing after the flowers and fruits, alternate or crowded at the end of spur-shoots, 5–11(–13)-foliolate; rachis 8–33 cm. long, dorsally convex, longitudinally grooved above, densely pinkish rusty-tomentose but later glabrescent; leaflets elliptic, oblong-ovate to ovate, 5–15.5 cm. long, 3–7.5 cm. broad, basal ones somewhat shorter and broader than the terminal, acute to acuminate or obtuse at the apex, the terminal one symmetric, cuneate and with petiolule 1–3.5 cm. long, the lateral ones asymmetric, cuneate, rounded, truncate or subcordate at the base and subsessile, all at first densely pink rusty-tomentose on both surfaces but changing to sparsely stellate-hairy above and rusty-tomentose beneath, finally dull brown or reddish brown and glabrous above and rusty-tomentose to somewhat glabrescent beneath; midrib prominent beneath; lateral nerves and reticulation impressed above and raised beneath or concealed by a tomentum when young.

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    Small or medium tree 2–9(–15) m. high, with spreading crown and short bole; bark dark grey, smooth to rough and reticulate; twigs stout.

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    Leaves appearing after the flowers and the fruit, 5–11(13)-foliolate; petiole and rhachis 8–33 cm. long, dorsally convex, canaliculate above, at first densely pinkish-rusty-tomentose, glabrescent with age; leaflets 6·3–15·5 × 4·2–7·5 cm., elliptic, oblong-ovate to ovate, the basal ones somewhat shorter and proportionately broader, acute or obtuse at the apex, the terminal one symmetric, acute and up to 3·5 cm. long petiolulate, the lateral ones asymmetric, rounded, truncate or subcordate at the base and sessile or 1·5–3 mm. long petiolulate, all at first densely pink-rusty-tomentose on both surfaces, then discolorous on drying (almost black and with ± sparse stellate hairs above, persistently rusty-tomentose below), finally reddish-brown or dull brown and glabrous above and laxly tomentose and rusty-ochraceous beneath; midrib a little prominent above, rather so beneath, lateral nerves and reticulation sunk in the upper face, raised on the under surface, concealed by a tomentum as dense as that of the lamina.

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    Tree usually 5–10(15) m. tall, with spreading crown and short bole; bark grey to nearly black, rather rough; floriferous branches very rugose.

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    Panicles spike-like, crowded at the top of short branches, the male ones up to 22 cm. long, the female ones up to 8 cm. long, with tomentose axis.

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    Flowers in dense bundles; pedicels 1–3 mm. long, tomentose; calyx-segments c. 1·5 mm. long, ovate to subcircular, ciliolate, covered by stellate hairs or almost glabrous; petals greenish to bright yellow, 3·5–5 × 1·5–2·5 mm., oblong-ovate, fragrant.

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    Drupe red, 7–10 × 4–6 mm., obliquely ovoid.

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     Information From

    Anacardiaceae
    World Flora Online Data. 2017.
    • A CC0 1.0 Universal (CC0 1.0).
    Plants Of the World Online Portal - FZ
    https://www.kew.org/science/who-we-are-and-what-we-do/strategic-outputs-2020/plants-of-the-world-online
    http://www.plantsoftheworldonline.org/terms-and-conditions
    • B
    Plants Of the World Online Portal - FTEA
    https://www.kew.org/science/who-we-are-and-what-we-do/strategic-outputs-2020/plants-of-the-world-online
    http://www.plantsoftheworldonline.org/terms-and-conditions
    • C
    Plants Of the World Online Portal - FWTA
    https://www.kew.org/science/who-we-are-and-what-we-do/strategic-outputs-2020/plants-of-the-world-online
    http://www.plantsoftheworldonline.org/terms-and-conditions
    • D The Trustees of the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew
    World Flora Online consortium
    http://www.worldfloraonline.org/organisation/WFO
    World Flora Online Data. 2018.
    • E CC0 1.0 Universal (CC0 1.0).
    Global Tree Search
    https://tools.bgci.org/global_tree_search.php
    BGCI. 2018. GlobalTreeSearch online database. Botanic Gardens Conservation International. Richmond, U.K. Available at www.bgci.org. Accessed on 30/11/2018.
    • F Botanic Gardens Conservation International