Canna indica L.
  • Sp. Pl.
  • PERIQUITOYA, PLATANILLA.


Cite taxon page as 'WFO (2019): Canna indica L. Published on the Internet; http://www.worldfloraonline.org/taxon/wfo-0000343805. Accessed on: 21 Oct 2019'

General Information

Rhizome developed, much branched. Stems stout, to 2.5 m. Leaf sheath green or purple; petiole short; leaf blade adaxially green, abaxially and at margin green or purple, ovate-oblong to oblong, 30--60 × 10--20 cm. Inflorescence a raceme of cincinni. Bracts light purple, ovate, ca. 8 mm. Flowers 1 or 2 per cincinnus. Sepals pale purplish green, lanceolate, ca. 1.5 cm. Corolla tube apricot yellow, ca. 1.5 cm; lobes erect, red to apricot yellow with purplish apex, lanceolate, ca. 4 cm. Staminodes 2(or 3), erect, red with apricot yellow base, oblanceolate, 4--5.5 cm × 7--10 mm, 1 with apex emarginate; labellum red, sometimes with yellow spots, lanceolate, ca. 4.5 cm, margin revolute, apex emarginate; fertile stamen with filament reddish apricot yellow, lanceolate, ca. 4.2 cm; anther ca. 9 mm. Ovary green, globose, ca. 6 mm in diam., warty. Style red to apricot yellow, narrow, ca. 6 cm, base adnate to staminode column. Capsule broadly ovoid, 1.2--1.8 cm. Fr. Sep--Oct. 2 n = 18.

  • Provided by: [B].Flora Of CHina @ efloras.org
    • Source: [
    • 7
    • ]. 

    Rhizomes fleshy. Leaves: sheath glabrous; blade narrowly ovate to ovate, 20--60 ´ 10--30 cm, base obtuse to narrowly cuneate, apex shortly acuminate to acute, abaxially and adaxially glabrous. Inflorescences racemes, sometimes branched, bearing 1- to 2-flowered cincinni, 6--20 per inflorescence; primary bracts to 15 cm; secondary bracts to 9 cm; floral bracts persistent, broadly obovate to narrowly (ob)ovate(-triangular), 0.5--3 ´ 0.5--1.5 cm, apex entire, often glaucous; bracteoles (ovate-)triangular, 0.5--2 ´ 0.3--0.8 cm, apex entire. Flowers red to yellow-orange, never pure yellow (except in some hybrid cultivars), 4.5--7.5 cm; pedicels 0.2--1 cm, to 1.5 cm in fruit; sepals narrowly triangular, 0.9--1.7 ´ 0.2--0.5 cm; petals erect, 4--6.5 cm, tube 0.5--1.5 cm, lobes lanceolate to narrowly oblong, 3.5--5 ´ 0.4--0.7 cm; staminodes 3--4, narrowly obovate to spatulate, 4.5--7.5 cm, free part 0.3--0.5 cm wide, apex rounded, acute, or cleft; labellum reflexed, narrowly oblong, approximately equal to other staminodes. Capsules ellipsoid to nearly globose, 1.5--3 ´ 1.5--2 cm. Seeds black, globose to nearly globose, 5--8 ´ 4--6.7 mm diam. 2n = 18.

  • Provided by: [G].Flora of North America @ efloras.org
    • Source: [
    • 8
    • ]. 

    Canna indica L., Sp. Pl. 1. 1753; C. lutea Mill.; C. discolor Lindl.; C. sanctae-rosae Kraenzl.; C. warszewiczii var. flameus Ram. Goyena.

    Hierbas 1–2 m de alto. Hojas angostamente ovadas a angostamente elípticas, 20–26 cm de largo y 10–30 cm de ancho, ápice cortamente acuminado a agudo, base obtusa a angostamente cuneada; vainas glabras. Inflorescencia frecuentemente un tirso compuesto, con cincinos de (1–) 2 flores, brácteas persistentes, hasta 15 cm de largo, bractéolas 5–20 mm de largo, pedicelos 2–10 (–15) mm de largo, flores rojas o a veces amarillas; sépalos 8–15 mm de largo; pétalos 4–6.5 cm de largo; estaminodios 3–4, 4.5–7.5 cm de largo. Cápsula elipsoide a subglobosa, 1.5–3 cm de largo; semillas 4–5 mm de diámetro.

    Común en bosques y en áreas alteradas, en todo el país; 0–1300 m; fl y fr durante todo el año; García 92, Ortiz 1591; América tropical y subtropical; ampliamente cultivada como ornamental y frecuentemente se escapa de cultivo; es un complejo de especies muy variable.

  • Provided by: [J].Flora de Nicaragua
    • Source: [
    • 9
    • ]. 

    Plants 1-3 m. tall, glabrous throughout; leaves ovate to ovate-elliptic, acute to shortly acuminate, base broadly obtuse or rounded then abruptly and shortly decurrent to the sheath, 15-50 cm. long, 9-20 cm. broad; inflorescence usually branched several times toward the base, bearing numerous paired, shortly pedi- cellate to subsessile flowers; sepals lanceolate, 0.9-1.2 cm. long; corolla 3-4 cm. long, red frequently flushed with yellow toward the base, the lobes narrowly oblong-lanceolate, narrowly acuminate, spreading, the tube about as long as the sepals; staminodia oblanceolate, 4-5 cm. long, red frequently flushed with yellow or orange at the base; capsules irregularly ellipsoid, 2-4 cm. long, 1.5-2.5 cm. broad, densely spinose-muricate.

  • Provided by: [K].Flora de Panama
    • Source: [
    • 10
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    Tallos 1–3 m. Hojas 15–45 × 7–20 cm, ovadas a elípticas o estrechamente así, no glaucas. Infl. conbrácteas persistentes. Fls. 3.5–5 cm, rojas a rojo amarillento. Frs. 2–2.5 cm de diám., subglobosos; pedicelosfructíferos ca. 0.5 cm.

  • Provided by: [M].Manual de Plantas de Costa Rica
    • Source: [
    • 11
    • ]. 

    Morphology

    Herb 3-4 ft. high

  • Provided by: [I].Plants Of the World Online Portal - FWTA
    • Source: [
    • 1
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    Scarlet or orange-red flowers.

  • Provided by: [I].Plants Of the World Online Portal - FWTA
    • Source: [
    • 1
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    Seeds spherical, smooth, very dark brown, ± 0.5 cm. in diameter.

  • Provided by: [L].Plants Of the World Online Portal - FTEA
    • Source: [
    • 6
    • ]. 

    Capsule ovoid, 2-3 cm. long, covered outside with soft spines, opening irregularly.

  • Provided by: [L].Plants Of the World Online Portal - FTEA
    • Source: [
    • 6
    • ]. 

    Style 4-5 cm. long, reddish or yellowish.

  • Provided by: [L].Plants Of the World Online Portal - FTEA
    • Source: [
    • 6
    • ]. 

    Leaf-blade narrowly ovate to narrowly elliptic, ± 60 × 25 cm., base rounded to cuneate, gradually attenuate to the sheath, apex acuminate.

  • Provided by: [L].Plants Of the World Online Portal - FTEA
    • Source: [
    • 6
    • ]. 

    Inflorescence racemose, usually simple, but sometimes branched later, bearing single or paired flowers.

  • Provided by: [L].Plants Of the World Online Portal - FTEA
    • Source: [
    • 6
    • ]. 

    Bracts broadly obovate, 0.9-2 × 1 cm.

  • Provided by: [L].Plants Of the World Online Portal - FTEA
    • Source: [
    • 6
    • ]. 

    Stamen 4-5 cm. long, petaloid portion involute; anther 0.7-1 cm. long, adnate to the sterile part for one-third of its length.

  • Provided by: [L].Plants Of the World Online Portal - FTEA
    • Source: [
    • 6
    • ]. 

    Staminodes usually 3, spathulate, 4-6 × 1-1.5 cm., reddish, fused at the base, apex acute or emarginate. Labellum usually red above, yellow with red markings below, 4-5 × 0.6-1 cm., narrowly oblong, apex emarginate.

  • Provided by: [L].Plants Of the World Online Portal - FTEA
    • Source: [
    • 6
    • ]. 

    Corolla 4-5 cm. long, the lowermost 1 cm. fused into a tube, the lobes free; lobes 3-4 × 0.3-0.7 cm., usually red but sometimes with yellow markings.

  • Provided by: [L].Plants Of the World Online Portal - FTEA
    • Source: [
    • 6
    • ]. 

    Sepals ovate, acute, 1-1.5 × 0.4-0.9 cm.

  • Provided by: [L].Plants Of the World Online Portal - FTEA
    • Source: [
    • 6
    • ]. 

    Upright herb usually 1-1.5 m. tall from a horizontal branching rhizome.

  • Provided by: [L].Plants Of the World Online Portal - FTEA
    • Source: [
    • 6
    • ]. 

    Perennial herb, up to 1.2 m high with tall, annual stems covered by sheathing bases. Flowers with 3 upper petals red, lower 2 yellow, red-tipped and flecked.

  • Provided by: [H].e-Flora of South Africa
    • Source: [
    • 12
    • ]. 

    Habitat

    Disturbed areas, roadsides.

  • Provided by: [H].e-Flora of South Africa
    • Source: [
    • 12
    • ]. 

    Distribution

    Mexico to southern Brazil; Antilles. Chiefly in lowland thickets and open forest.

  • Provided by: [K].Flora de Panama
    • Source: [
    • 10
    • ]. 

    Native to South America.

  • Provided by: [H].e-Flora of South Africa
    • Source: [
    • 12
    • ]. 

    Distribution Map

     
    • Native distribution
    Found in
    • Southern America Brazil Acre
    • Amazonas
    • Parí
    • Tocantins
    • Alagoas
    • Bahia
    • Ceará
    • Maranh
    • Paraába
    • Pernambuco
    • Piauá
    • Rio Grande do Norte
    • Sergipe
    • Paraní
    • Rio Grande do Sul
    • Santa Catarina
    • Espirito Santo
    • Minas Gerais
    • Rio de Janeiro
    • São Paulo
    • Brazilia Distrito Federal
    • Goiás
    • Mato Grosso
    • Mato Grosso do Sul

    Synonyms

    Other Local Names

    NameLanguageCountry
    PERIQUITOYA, PLATANILLA.
    Indian-shot, platanillo
    Caité de thallo roxoPortuguese
    PariríPortuguese
    CaetéPortuguese

     Information From

    Cannaceae
    World Flora Online Data. 2017.
    • A CC0 1.0 Universal (CC0 1.0).
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    http://www.efloras.org/flora_page.aspx?flora_id=2
    'Flora of China @ eFloras (2008). Published on the Internet http://www.efloras.org/flora_page.aspx?flora_id=2 [accessed August 2016]' Missouri Botanical Garden, St. Louis, MO & Harvard University Herbaria, Cambridge, MA.
    • B Missouri Botanical Garden
    MBG Floras Images
    http://www.tropicos.org/ImageSearch.aspx
    Flora images. Missouri Botanical Garden. Accessed on Jun. 2018.
    • C Missouri Botanical Garden
    • D Missouri Botanical Garden
    • E Missouri Botanical Garden
    Brazilian Flora 2020 project - Projeto Flora do Brasil 2020
    http://floradobrasil.jbrj.gov.br
    Brazil Flora G (2014): Brazilian Flora 2020 project - Projeto Flora do Brasil 2020. v393.147. Instituto de Pesquisas Jardim Botanico do Rio de Janeiro. Dataset/Checklist. doi:10.15468/1mtkaw
    • F Group Brazil Flora, REFLORA Program
    Flora of North America @ efloras.org
    http://www.efloras.org/flora_page.aspx?flora_id=1
    'Flora of North America @ eFloras (2008). Published on the Internet http://www.efloras.org/flora_page.aspx?flora_id=1 [accessed August 2016]' Missouri Botanical Garden, St. Louis, MO & Harvard University Herbaria, Cambridge, MA.
    • G Flora of North America Association
    e-Flora of South Africa
    e-Flora of South Africa. v1.21. 2018. South African National Biodiversity Institute. http://ipt.sanbi.org.za/iptsanbi/resource?r=flora_descriptions&v=1.21
    • H All Rights Reserved
    Plants Of the World Online Portal - FWTA
    https://www.kew.org/science/who-we-are-and-what-we-do/strategic-outputs-2020/plants-of-the-world-online
    http://www.plantsoftheworldonline.org/terms-and-conditions
    • I The Trustees of the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew
    Flora de Nicaragua
    http://www.tropicos.org/projectwebportal.aspx?projectid=7&pagename=Home&langid=66
    WD Stevens, CU Ulloa, A Pool and OM Montiel. Missouri Botanical Garden Press, 2001
    • J Missouri Botanical Garden
    Flora de Panama
    http://www.tropicos.org/Project/PAC
    Robert E. Woodson, Jr. and Robert W. Schery Annals of the Missouri Botanical Garden Vol. 67, No. 4 (1980), pp. ii-xxxiii
    • K Missouri Botanical Garden
    Plants Of the World Online Portal - FTEA
    https://www.kew.org/science/who-we-are-and-what-we-do/strategic-outputs-2020/plants-of-the-world-online
    http://www.plantsoftheworldonline.org/terms-and-conditions
    • L
    Manual de Plantas de Costa Rica
    http://www.tropicos.org/Project/Costa%20Rica
    Hammel, B. E.; Grayum, M. H.; Herrera, C.; Zamora, N. Manual de Plantas de Costa Rica. Missouri Botanical Garden Press, 2003-2014
    • M Missouri Botanical Garden
    World Flora Online consortium
    http://www.worldfloraonline.org/organisation/WFO
    World Flora Online Data. 2018.
    • N CC0 1.0 Universal (CC0 1.0).