Thevetia peruviana (Pers.) K.Schum.
  • Nat. Pflanzenfam.


Cite taxon page as 'WFO (2020): Thevetia peruviana (Pers.) K.Schum. Published on the Internet;http://www.worldfloraonline.org/taxon/wfo-0000323136. Accessed on: 04 Dec 2020'

General Information

Trees to 6 m tall. Bark chocolate-brown, lenticellate; lower branches pendulous, young branches greenish gray. Petiole ca. 3 mm; leaf blades lustrous green adaxially, light green abaxially, very narrowly oblong, 10-15 X 0.5-1.2 cm, somewhat leathery, glabrous, apex acuminate, lateral veins obscure. Pedicel 2.5-5 cm. Flowers fragrant. Sepals green, narrowly triangular, apex acuminate. Corolla 6-7 X 4.5-5.5 cm; tube 4-5 cm, shorter than lobes; corona scales present, connected by a transverse row of long white hairs, lobes obliquely obovate. Drupes compressed triangular-globose, 2.5-4 cm in diam. Seeds light gray, lenticular, ca. 2 X 3.5 cm. Fl. May-Dec. 2n = 20.

  • Provided by: [G].Flora Of CHina @ efloras.org
    • Source: [
    • 2
    • ]. 

    2. Thevetia peruviana (Pers.) K. Schum. in Engl. et Prantl, Nat. Pflanzenfam. 4(2): 159 (1895). Cerbera peruviana Pers., Syn. Pl. 1: 267 (1805). Lectotipo (designado por Lippold, 1980): Plumier, Codex Boehaavius. Ilustr.: Nowicke, Ann. Missouri Bot. Gard. 57: 91, t. 12 (1970). N.v.: Chilidrón.

    Por J.L. Zarucchi.

    Cascabela peruviana (Pers.) Raf., C. thevetia (L.) Lippold, Cerbera thevetia L.

    Arbustos o árboles pequeños hasta 8 m, en ocasiones volviéndose escandentes; tallos glabros, teretes con cicatrices foliares conspicuas. Hojas usualmente 7-13 × 0.7-1.2 cm, lineares a linear-lanceoladas, membranáceas a subcoriáceas, glabras, las nervaduras secundarias inconspicuas en el envés, la base aguda a atenuada, el ápice agudo a mayormente acuminado; pecíolos 2-5 mm, glabros. Inflorescencias con 2-3(-5) flores; ejes glabros; pedúnculos usualmente 5-8 mm; pedicelos usualmente 15-30 mm. Flores amarillas o ligeramente anaranjadaso ligeramente rosadas-amarillas; lobos del cáliz 5-7 mm, deltoides a alargado-deltoides, glabros; corola con el tubo 10-15 mm, los lobos usualmente 28-35 × 13-18 mm, obovados a oblongo-obovados. Frutos usualmente 2-2.5 × 3.5-4 cm, trigonal-romboides y ligeramente comprimidos; semillas usualmente 2 o 3. Bosques tropicales secos. Ch ( Ventura y López 181, MO); Y ( Simá 1130, MO); C ( Steere 1975, MO); QR ( Cabrera y Cabrera 6665, MO); B ( Chanek 33, MO); G ( Harmon y Dwyer 3557, MO); H ( Croat y Hannon 64145, MO); ES ( Flores JBL00526, MO); N ( Moreno 5609, MO); CR ( Sanders et al. 17816, MO); P ( Croat 9592, MO). 0-500(-1500) m. (Nativa en los trópicos americanos; introducida a las áreas tropicales del Viejo Mundo.)

    Thevetia peruviana fue tratada por Gentry (2001) en la Flora de Nicaragua como Cascabela thevetia.

    .

  • Provided by: [D].Flora Mesoamericana
    • Source: [
    • 3
    • ]. 

    bearing several glands in the axils. Inflorescences cymose, mostly terminal, few- flowered, the peduncle short, less than 1 cm long, the bracts elongate-deltoid, caducous. Flowers with pedicels to 3.5 cm long in fruit; bracteoles elongate-deltoid, 1.8-2 mm long, with several glands in the axil; calyx-lobes elongate-deltoid, ca. 5.5-7 mm long, glabrous, bearing several thin squamellae within basally; corolla infun- dibuliform, yellow, the tube proper ca. 12-15 mm long, pubescent near the throat and closed by 5 pubescent appendages, attached above and opposite the stamens, the throat ca. 15-18 mm long, the lobes + erect, obovate-dolabriform, 30-35 mm long and to 17 mm wide; stamens included, attached at the apex of the tube proper, the anthers ca. 1.8 mm long, apically capped; ovary apocarpous, surrounded by an annular nectary, the stigma umbraculiform. "Drupes" weakly rhomboid, compressed, red, 2.5 cm high and 4 cm at the widest point; seeds 2(-4), naked, to 1 cm long.

  • Provided by: [C].Flora de Panama
    • Source: [
    • 4
    • ]. 

    Small trees or shrubs, to 7 m, the stems glabrous and somewhat corky. Leaves linear-lanceolate, acute, attenuate basally, to 15 cm long and 1 cm wide, glabrous, lustrous above, + coriaceous, the secondary veins obscure; subsessile,

  • Provided by: [C].Flora de Panama
    • Source: [
    • 4
    • ]. 

    A large shrub or small tree reaching 6-7 m, stem and branches glabrous, more or less corky, lactiferous. Leaves spiral or alternate, crowded linear-lanceolate, acute or shortly acuminate, attenuate at base, 8-15 x 1 cm, bright green and shining above, sub-coriaceous, margin slightly recurved, midrib prominent, lateral nerves obscure, subsessile, with glands in the axils. Inflorescence of few flowered cymes, generally terminal, peduncle very short, bracts variable, caducous. Flowers yellow or orange, pedicel c. 7.5 (-3) cm long, bracteoles deltoid-elongated, c. 2 mm long, with glands at the axil. Calyx 6-7.5 mm long, glabrous, persistent, divided nearly upto the base; lobes long acuminate, spreading. Corolla c. 5 cm long, tubular at the base, campanulate at the throat, hairy; corona present, pubescent, opposite and above the stamen, tube 12-15 mm long, lobes 3-3.5 x 1.7 cm, obovate; Disc thick, cup shaped; ovules 2 in each carpel, stigma broad angular, Fruit somewhat rhomboid, 3 cm long. Seeds 2(-4), c. 1 cm long.

  • Provided by: [F].Flora of Pakistan
    • Source: [
    • 6
    • ]. 

    Habit

    Small trees or shrubs

  • Provided by: [C].Flora de Panama
    • Source: [
    • 4
    • ]. 

    Distribution

    Throughout tropical America; frequently cultivated.

  • Provided by: [C].Flora de Panama
    • Source: [
    • 4
    • ]. 

    Distribution Map

     
    • Native distribution
    Found in
    • Southern America Brazil Acre
    • Amazonas
    • Parí
    • Rondônia
    • Roraima
    • Bahia
    • Paraába
    • Pernambuco
    • Sergipe
    • Espirito Santo
    • Rio de Janeiro
    • São Paulo
    • Goiás
    • Mato Grosso
    • Mato Grosso do Sul

     Information From

    Apocynaceae
    World Flora Online Data. 2017.
    • A CC0 1.0 Universal (CC0 1.0).
    MBG Floras Images
    http://www.tropicos.org/ImageSearch.aspx
    Flora images. Missouri Botanical Garden. Accessed on Jun. 2018.
    • B Missouri Botanical Garden
    Flora de Panama
    http://www.tropicos.org/Project/PAC
    Robert E. Woodson, Jr. and Robert W. Schery Annals of the Missouri Botanical Garden Vol. 67, No. 4 (1980), pp. ii-xxxiii
    • C Missouri Botanical Garden
    Flora Mesoamericana
    http://www.mobot.org/MOBOT/fm/
    Gerrit Davidse, Mario Sousa Sánchez, A. O. Chater, Universidad Nacional Autónoma de México. Instituto de Biología, Missouri Botanical Garden, Natural History Museum (London, England) UNAM, 1994
    • D Missouri Botanical Garden
    Brazilian Flora 2020 project - Projeto Flora do Brasil 2020
    http://floradobrasil.jbrj.gov.br
    Brazil Flora G (2014): Brazilian Flora 2020 project - Projeto Flora do Brasil 2020. v393.147. Instituto de Pesquisas Jardim Botanico do Rio de Janeiro. Dataset/Checklist. doi:10.15468/1mtkaw
    • E Group Brazil Flora, REFLORA Program
    Flora of Pakistan
    http://www.tropicos.org/Project/Pakistan
    Flora of Pakistan. Missouri Botanical Garden. Accessed on Jun. 2020.
    • F Missouri Botanical Garden
    Flora Of CHina @ efloras.org
    http://www.efloras.org/flora_page.aspx?flora_id=2
    'Flora of China @ eFloras (2008). Published on the Internet http://www.efloras.org/flora_page.aspx?flora_id=2 [accessed August 2016]' Missouri Botanical Garden, St. Louis, MO & Harvard University Herbaria, Cambridge, MA.
    • G Missouri Botanical Garden