Bactris balanoidea (Oerst.) H.Wendl.
  • Palmiers

This is a synonym of Bactris major Jacq.
Notes: More details could be found in The Plant List v.1.1. Originally in The Plant List v.1.0

General Description

Slender, in large thickets but not densely soboliferous, very spiny but old trunks becoming almost bare: leaves 1-2 m. long, evenly pinnate; petiole very slender, 50-75 cm. long, about 1 cm. thick, rusty-pubescent, the dark brown spines 2-7 cm. long, the rachis well armed and pubescent; pinnae 30-40 pairs, 2-5 cm. apart at points of at- tachment, 30-50 cm. long, 1-2 cm. broad, grayish-green, puberulent on under surface, margins spiculose, midrib prominent and thinner veins either side: spathe or cymba 15-65 cm. long, thickly covered with black- ish prickles; spadix bearing about a dozen simple short branches, pistil- late flowers mostly about midway of the branches or rachillae: fruit cream-colored, probably becoming purple, oblong-ovoid, about 4 cm. long, sides nearly parallel, blunt at apex; nutlet enveloped in thin hair-like fiber, black, pores not of equal height on the surface.


Wet or swampy places, near Fort Sherman, Bay of Limon and apparently on Barro Colorado Island.

 Information From

World Flora Online Data. 2017.
  • A CC0 1.0 Universal (CC0 1.0).
MBG Floras Images
Flora images. Missouri Botanical Garden. Accessed on Jun. 2018.
  • B Missouri Botanical Garden
Flora de Panama
Robert E. Woodson, Jr. and Robert W. Schery Annals of the Missouri Botanical Garden Vol. 67, No. 4 (1980), pp. ii-xxxiii
  • C Missouri Botanical Garden