Trees, (6–)10–30 m, , crown irregular; bark irregularly fissured; twigs puberulent; . Leaves: petiole 30–60 mm; blade elliptic to ovate, 8–11(–18) × (2.5–)3.5–5.5(–7.3) cm, herbaceous, base cuneate to rounded, margins entire proximally and usually coarsely dentate distally, apex usually acute, rarely acuminate, often mucronulate, abaxial surface glabrous or puberulent especially along veins, adaxial surface glabrous or sparsely hairy. Inflorescences: peduncle 1–1.5 cm (elongating to 3 cm in fruit), glabrous; staminate (1–)2–5-flowered, pistillate and bisexual 1–2-flowered. Staminate pedicels absent. Flowers: ovary densely hairy. Drupes black to blue or reddish purple, glaucous, oblong, 24–27 mm, punctate; stone 15–20 mm, roughened, often longitudinally ridged.
|Water tupelo, cotton gum|