Nerium oleander L.
  • Sp. Pl.


This taxon is accepted by Apocynaceae
Notes: More details could be found in The Plant List v.1.1. Originally in The Plant List v.1.0

General Information

Stem to 6 m tall. Leaves very narrowly elliptic, 5-21 X 1-3.5 cm, leathery, base cuneate or decurrent on petiole, apex acuminate or acute. Flowers showy, fragrant. Sepals narrowly triangular to narrowly ovate, 3-10 mm. Corolla purplish red, pink, white, salmon, or yellow, tube 1.2-2.2 cm; lobes 1.3-3 cm, single or double. Follicles cylindric, 12-23 cm. Seeds oblong, coma 0.9-1.2 cm. Fl. spring-autumn. 2n = 22.

  • Provided by: [I].Flora Of CHina @ efloras.org
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    1. Nerium oleander L., Sp. Pl. 209 (1753). Lectotipo (designado por Stern, 1978): Herb. Clifford: 76, Nerium No. 1B (BM!). Ilustr.: Nowicke, Ann. Missouri Bot. Gard. 57: 113, t. 22 (1970). N.v.: Adelfa, flor de rosa, narciso, rosa laurel.

    Por J.F. Morales y A.J.M. Leeuwenberg.

    Nerium indicum Mill.

    Arbustos 1-4 m; ramitas algo anguladas cuando jóvenes, cilíndricas con la edad, variadamente puberulentas a glabrescentes. Hojas con pecíolos 6-16 mm; láminas 9.5-26 × 0.9-2.6 cm, angostamente elípticas a linear elípticas, subcartáceas, agudas o cortamente acuminadas en el ápice, cuneadas basalmente, glabrescentes, algunas veces puberulentas en el envés. Inflorescencias usualmente más largas que las hojas adyacentes, usualmente puberulentas, con muchas flores; pedúnculos 30-120 mm; pedicelos 6-12 mm; brácteas 3-5 mm. Flores con los sépalos 5-7 mm, ovados, acuminados apicalmente; corola blanca, color crema, rosada o roja (o irregularmente variegada), la parte inferior del tubo 0.9-1.5 cm, la parte superior 0.9-1 cm, campanulada, los lóbulos 1.9-2.7 cm, obovados, irregularmente extendidos; anteras c. 3 mm (sin incluir el apéndice). Folículos 7-11.5 × c. 0.5 cm; semillas c. 5 mm. Cultivada. T (Sousa et al., 2005: 83); Ch (Breedlove, 1986:35); Y ( Flores 8126, MO); C ( Ramírez A. 72, MEXU); QR ( Cabrera 14236, MEXU); B ( Balick et al. 2331, NY); G ( Walter 1378, MO); H ( Romero 45, MO); ES ( Monterrosa 900, LAGU); N ( Zelaya 2303, MO); CR ( Morales 5287, INB); P ( Carrasquilla y Rincón 305, PMA). 0-2300 m. (Nativa de la región Mediterráneo hasta China occidental; ampliamente cultivada en los trópicos y subtrópicos.)

  • Provided by: [G].Flora Mesoamericana
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    Nerium oleander L., Sp. Pl. 209. 1753.

    Arbustos o árboles pequeños. Hojas verticiladas, oblongo-oblanceoladas a linear-lanceoladas, 4–20 cm de largo y 0.5–2 cm de ancho, ápice acuminado, base cuneada, coriáceas. Inflorescencia paniculada, terminal, con flores generalmente purpúreas, a veces blancas, frecuentemente dobles; sépalos lanceolados, 4–6 mm de largo; corola infundibuliforme, tubo 1–1.5 cm de largo, los lobos 2–2.5 cm de largo. Folículos laxamente sincárpicos, subleñosos, cada uno ca 7 cm de largo y ca 5 mm de ancho.

    Cultivada; Araquistain 1043, Moreno 14; especie nativa de Eurasia subtropical. Género monotípico. "Narciso".

  • Provided by: [E].Flora de Nicaragua
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    cels 5-13 mm long, puberulent; bracteole 1, ovate, 4-5 mm long, variously placed; calyx-lobes ? ovate, somewhat keeled, ca. 5-7 mm long, pubescent, somewhat foliaceous and pinkish; corolla white or pink-orange to scarlet, "gla- brous externally, the tube proper 8-12 mm long, about 1.5 mm in diameter at the base, the throat conic-campanulate, 9-10 mm long, about 7 mm in di- ameter at the orifice, the lobes obliquely obovate to obovate-oblong, 20-25 mm long, spreading; follicles relatively stout, 8-15 cm long."

  • Provided by: [F].Flora de Panama
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    Shrubs, or small trees, the younger stems puberulent. Leaves mostly ternate, oblong-lanceolate, acute-acuminate, attenuate basally, to 20 cm long and 2.5 cm wide, puberulent beneath when young, the midrib pronounced, the lateral veins obscure; petioles 3-10 mm long, glandular in the axils. Inflorescences thyrsiform, the primary peduncle ca. 6-9 cm long. Flowers double or triple in Panama; pedi-

  • Provided by: [F].Flora de Panama
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    Morphology

    A shrub or small tree.

  • Provided by: [H].Plants Of the World Online Portal - FTEA
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    Leaves opposite or ternate, thick and poisonous.

  • Provided by: [H].Plants Of the World Online Portal - FTEA
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    Attractive, fragrant flowers that are white, crimson or pink.

  • Provided by: [H].Plants Of the World Online Portal - FTEA
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    Erect, woody, poisonous shrub up to 2 m, branching mainly from base, spineless. Leaves lanceolate, 50-150 x 15-25 mm, opposite to whorled, leathery. Flowers in lax, terminal cymes. Corolla salver-shaped, 30-50 mm diam., tube cylindrical, abruptly widened around middle, lobes spreading, 15-20 mm long, pink, red or white, with laciniate corolline corona attached to base of lobes.

  • Provided by: [C].e-Flora of South Africa
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    Erect, woody, poisonous shrub, up to 2 m tall, branching mainly from base, spineless. Leaves lanceolate, 50-150 x 15-25 mm, opposite to whorled, leathery, transversely feather-veined. Flowers in lax, terminal cymes. Corolla salver-shaped, 30-50 mm diam., tube cylindrical, abruptly widened around middle, lobes spreading, 15-20 mm long, pink, red or white, with laciniate, corolline corona attached to base of lobes.

  • Provided by: [C].e-Flora of South Africa
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    • 11
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    Habit

    Shrubs, or small trees

  • Provided by: [F].Flora de Panama
    • Source: [
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    Habitat

    Declared weed, in watercourses among rocks.

  • Provided by: [C].e-Flora of South Africa
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    • 11
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    Declared weed, in watercourses among rocks.

  • Provided by: [C].e-Flora of South Africa
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    Distribution

    Native to the Mediterranean region, but widely cultivated and occasionally escaped in tropical America.

  • Provided by: [F].Flora de Panama
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    Eurasian weed, eastern Cedarberg to Kamanassie Mtns and Mpumalanga.

  • Provided by: [C].e-Flora of South Africa
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    Eastern Cederberg Mountains to Mpumalanga.

  • Provided by: [C].e-Flora of South Africa
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    Distribution Map

     
    • Introduced distribution
    Introduced into
    • Southern America Brazil Tocantins
    • Alagoas
    • Bahia
    • Ceará
    • Maranh
    • Paraába
    • Pernambuco
    • Piauá
    • Rio Grande do Norte
    • Sergipe
    • Paraní
    • Rio Grande do Sul
    • Santa Catarina
    • Espirito Santo
    • Minas Gerais
    • Rio de Janeiro
    • São Paulo
    • Brazilia Distrito Federal
    • Goiás
    • Mato Grosso
    • Mato Grosso do Sul

     Information From

    Apocynaceae
    World Flora Online Data. 2017.
    • A CC0 1.0 Universal (CC0 1.0).
    MBG Floras Images
    http://www.tropicos.org/ImageSearch.aspx
    Flora images. Missouri Botanical Garden. Accessed on Jun. 2018.
    • B Missouri Botanical Garden
    e-Flora of South Africa
    e-Flora of South Africa. v1.21. 2018. South African National Biodiversity Institute. http://ipt.sanbi.org.za/iptsanbi/resource?r=flora_descriptions&v=1.21
    • C All Rights Reserved
    Brazilian Flora 2020 project - Projeto Flora do Brasil 2020
    http://floradobrasil.jbrj.gov.br
    Brazil Flora G (2014): Brazilian Flora 2020 project - Projeto Flora do Brasil 2020. v393.147. Instituto de Pesquisas Jardim Botanico do Rio de Janeiro. Dataset/Checklist. doi:10.15468/1mtkaw
    • D Group Brazil Flora, REFLORA Program
    Flora de Nicaragua
    http://www.tropicos.org/projectwebportal.aspx?projectid=7&pagename=Home&langid=66
    WD Stevens, CU Ulloa, A Pool and OM Montiel. Missouri Botanical Garden Press, 2001
    • E Missouri Botanical Garden
    Flora de Panama
    http://www.tropicos.org/Project/PAC
    Robert E. Woodson, Jr. and Robert W. Schery Annals of the Missouri Botanical Garden Vol. 67, No. 4 (1980), pp. ii-xxxiii
    • F Missouri Botanical Garden
    Flora Mesoamericana
    http://www.mobot.org/MOBOT/fm/
    Gerrit Davidse, Mario Sousa Sánchez, A. O. Chater, Universidad Nacional Autónoma de México. Instituto de Biología, Missouri Botanical Garden, Natural History Museum (London, England) UNAM, 1994
    • G Missouri Botanical Garden
    Plants Of the World Online Portal - FTEA
    https://www.kew.org/science/who-we-are-and-what-we-do/strategic-outputs-2020/plants-of-the-world-online
    http://www.plantsoftheworldonline.org/terms-and-conditions
    • H
    Flora Of CHina @ efloras.org
    http://www.efloras.org/flora_page.aspx?flora_id=2
    'Flora of China @ eFloras (2008). Published on the Internet http://www.efloras.org/flora_page.aspx?flora_id=2 [accessed August 2016]' Missouri Botanical Garden, St. Louis, MO & Harvard University Herbaria, Cambridge, MA.
    • I Missouri Botanical Garden
    World Flora Online consortium
    http://www.worldfloraonline.org/organisation/WFO
    World Flora Online Data. 2018.
    • J CC0 1.0 Universal (CC0 1.0).