Enterolobium cyclocarpum (Jacq.) Griseb.


Cite taxon page as 'WFO (2020): Enterolobium cyclocarpum (Jacq.) Griseb. Published on the Internet;http://www.worldfloraonline.org/taxon/wfo-0000194821. Accessed on: 28 Oct 2020'

General Information

Trees, unarmed, deciduous, large, 10-20 m tall; crown spreading, thin. Young branchlets, leaves, and inflorescences white pubescent. Stipules caducous, small; petiole and rachis with glands; pinnae (3 or)4-9 pairs; leaflets 12-25(-30) pairs, subsessile, falcate-lanceolate, 8-14 × 3-6 mm, both surfaces sparsely pubescent, midvein close to upper margin, base truncate, apex mucronate. Heads globose, 1-1.5 cm in diam., fas­ciculate or in racemes. Flowers greenish or white. Calyx ca. 3 mm, calyx and corolla pubescent. Corolla ca. 6 mm. Stamens numerous, basally connate into a tube. Legume black-brown, curved, auriculate-reniform, 5-7 cm in diam., fleshy, both ends rounded, indehiscent. Seeds 10-20, arranged in 2 rows, dark brown, shiny, narrowly ellipsoidal, ca. 1.5 cm, hard. Fl. Apr-Jun, fr. Oct-Dec.

  • Provided by: [D].Flora Of CHina @ efloras.org
    • Source: [
    • 2
    • ]. 

    Enterolobium cyclocarpum (Jacq.) Griseb., Fl. Brit. W. I. 226. 1860; Mimosa cyclocarpa Jacq.

    Arbustos o árboles altos, hasta 30 m de alto, ramas jóvenes, pecíolos y raquis de la hoja densamente pálido puberulentos hasta glabros. Hojas (12–) 19–35 cm de largo, pinnas 4–11 (–15) pares, opuestas, 4–12 cm de largo; folíolos 16–45 pares por pinna, inequilátero-oblongos, 6.5–14 mm de largo y 1.5–3.5 mm de ancho, ápice agudo hasta acuminado, base truncada, inserción basal-lateral, pálido puberulentos a glabros, nervio principal lateral; raquis con glándulas entre el primer, segundo o tercer pares distales de pinnas, pecíolos 3.6–5 cm de largo, con 1 glándula oblonga en los 2/3 apicales. Inflorescencias capítulos compactos, solitarios, 2–4-fasciculados o formando pseudoracimos, cabezuela 13–20 mm de diámetro, pedúnculos 1.5–4.5 cm de largo, flores blancas; cáliz tubular, 3–4 mm de largo, diminutamente pálido seríceo, levemente 5-lobado; corola tubular, 5–7 mm de largo, 5-lobada, los lobos 2–2.3 mm de largo, diminutamente pálido seríceos; estambres numerosos, exertos 5–7 mm más allá de los lobos de la corola, connados en la 1/2 basal, tubo casi tan largo como los lobos de la corola; ovario glabro, estilo más corto o tan largo como los filamentos. Fruto reniforme, curvado formando un círculo casi completo o con los extremos levemente sobrepuestos, 15–38 cm de largo, 4–6 cm de ancho y 2–5 mm de grueso, mesocarpo resinoso-pulposo, valvas elevadas sobre las semillas, margen interno engrosado, continuo, margen externo levemente contraído entre las semillas; semillas 7–12, discoide-elipsoides, 1.3–2 cm de largo, 0.6–1.3 cm de ancho y 3–6 mm de grueso.

    Frecuente, bosques secos o áreas alteradas secas, zonas pacífica y atlántica; 70–700 m; fl y fr ene–jun; Stevens 16869, 22880; México al norte de Sudamérica, introducida en las Antillas y oeste de Africa. A veces la cabezuela se transforma en agallas globosas. "Guanacaste".

  • Provided by: [G].Flora de Nicaragua
    • Source: [
    • 3
    • ]. 

    Spreading tree, often very large and buttressed on the trunk, the branchlets puberulent to glabrous, smooth. Leaves moderate, twice compound, few-ranked; petiole up to about 8 cm. long, subterete, swollen basally, glabrous or somewhat puberulent, bearing an ovoid gland on the upper side usually near the middle; rachis up to 15 or more cm. long, shallowly sulcate and submarginate above, glabrous or somewhat puberulent, bearing subcupular glands between the terminal and usually penultimate insertions of the pinnae; pinnae 4-15 pairs, opposite on the rachis, the pinnular rachis with sessile or partly sunken, oblong, concave glands near insertion of the terminal 1-4 pairs of leaflets; leaflets 15-30 pairs, opposite, small, inequilaterally oblong or oblong-subfalcate, 8-15 mm. long, obliquely rounded basally, obliquely acute-mucronate apically, subglabrous and dark above, appressed-puberulent and lighter below, the costa excentric; stipules not evident. Inflorescence of 1-3 pedunculate heads from several foliate or (more frequently) defoliate nodes of the young branchlets; peduncle 2-4 cm. long, puberulent or subglabrous; head globular, 10-15 mm. in diameter, multiflorate; bracts minute. Flowers small, sessile, whitish; calyx short tubular-campanulate, about 3 mm. long, puberulent or subglabrous on the tube, canescent-tomentulose on tips of the lobes, valvate in bud; corolla tubular-funnelform, 5-6 mm. long, subglabrous except canescent-tomentulose toward the tip, valvate in bud; stamens many, up to 12 mm. long, filaments united into a staminal tube for about half their length; anthers quadrangular, unappendaged; ovary glabrous, subsulcate laterally; style about equalling or slightly exceeding the stamens. Legume reniform, about 10 cm. across and 3-6 cm. wide, compressed, glabrous, lustrous, curved into a nearly complete circle.

  • Provided by: [F].Flora de Panama
    • Source: [
    • 4
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    Árbol, 8–40 m, la corteza fuertemente suberoso- lenticelada, las ramitas usualmente glabras, lenticeladas. Hojas con el pecíolo 3.6–8 cm, con 1 nectario glandular hacia el ápice; raquis 8–13 cm, glabro o glabrado, sin nectarios glandulares o solo en los pares distales de pinnas; pinnas 5–15 pares; folíolos 15–30 pares por pinna, 0.8–1.5 X 0.2–0.4 cm, linear-oblongos, agudos y mucronatos en el ápice, glabros en el haz, puberulentos en el envés. Infls. solitarias ó 2–4 fasciculadas (a veces formando un pseudorracimo), 1–1.5 cm de diám.; pedúnculo 2–4.5 cm. Fls. nocturnas, con aroma agradable; cáliz 2.5–3 mm; corola 5–6 mm. Frs. pardo oscuro o pardo rojizo y lustrosos, 8–38 X 4–6 cm, curvados o que forman un círculo, las valvas elevadas sobre las semillas y con depresiones entre ellas, el mesocarpo resinoso y pastoso; semillas 7–12, 13–20 X 6–13 mm, discoide-elipsoides.

  • Provided by: [H].Manual de Plantas de Costa Rica
    • Source: [
    • 5
    • ]. 

    Habit

    tree

  • Provided by: [F].Flora de Panama
    • Source: [
    • 4
    • ]. 

    Distribution

    Mexico to northern South America.

  • Provided by: [F].Flora de Panama
    • Source: [
    • 4
    • ]. 

    Distribution Map

     
    • Native distribution
    Found in
    • Southern America Brazil Amapí
    • Amazonas
    • Roraima

     Information From

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    • C Missouri Botanical Garden
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    'Flora of China @ eFloras (2008). Published on the Internet http://www.efloras.org/flora_page.aspx?flora_id=2 [accessed August 2016]' Missouri Botanical Garden, St. Louis, MO & Harvard University Herbaria, Cambridge, MA.
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    http://floradobrasil.jbrj.gov.br
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    Flora de Panama
    http://www.tropicos.org/Project/PAC
    Robert E. Woodson, Jr. and Robert W. Schery Annals of the Missouri Botanical Garden Vol. 67, No. 4 (1980), pp. ii-xxxiii
    • F Missouri Botanical Garden
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    http://www.tropicos.org/projectwebportal.aspx?projectid=7&pagename=Home&langid=66
    WD Stevens, CU Ulloa, A Pool and OM Montiel. Missouri Botanical Garden Press, 2001
    • G Missouri Botanical Garden
    Manual de Plantas de Costa Rica
    http://www.tropicos.org/Project/Costa%20Rica
    Hammel, B. E.; Grayum, M. H.; Herrera, C.; Zamora, N. Manual de Plantas de Costa Rica. Missouri Botanical Garden Press, 2003-2014
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    • I CC0 1.0 Universal (CC0 1.0).
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    https://tools.bgci.org/global_tree_search.php
    BGCI. 2018. GlobalTreeSearch online database. Botanic Gardens Conservation International. Richmond, U.K. Available at www.bgci.org. Accessed on 30/11/2018.
    • J Botanic Gardens Conservation International