Artemisia vulgaris L.
  • Sp. Pl.
  • Assens cumin

Cite taxon page as 'WFO (2021): Artemisia vulgaris L. Published on the Internet; Accessed on: 28 Nov 2021'

General Information

Herbs, perennial, (45-)60-160 cm tall, sparsely pubescent. Lowermost leaves shortly petiolate; leaf blade 2-pinnatisect. Middle stem leaves ± sessile; leaf blade elliptic, ovate-elliptic, suborbicular, or ovate-orbicular, 3-10(-15) × 1.5-6(-10) cm, abaxially densely gray arachnoid tomentose, adaxially sparsely arachnoid puberulent or glabrescent, 1- or 2-pinnatisect or pinnatipartite; segments (3 or)4 or 5, elliptic-lanceolate or linear-lanceolate, 3-5 × 1-1.5 cm, rachis narrowly winged, few serrate or not. Uppermost leaves pinnatipartite; leaflike bracts 3-lobed or entire; lobes or entire bracts lanceolate. Synflorescence an ill-defined panicle, lateral branches often shorter than subtending leaves. Involucre oblong, 2.5-3(-3.5) mm; phyllaries densely arachnoid pubescent. Marginal female florets 7-10. Disk florets 8-20, bisexual. Achenes obovoid or ovoid. Fl. and fr. Aug-Oct. 2n = 16, 16 + 1b, 18, 24, 36, 40, 45, 54.

  • Provided by: [E].Flora Of CHina @
    • Source: [
    • 1
    • ]. 

    Perennials, (40–)60–190 cm, sometimes faintly aromatic (rhizomes coarse). Stems relatively numerous, erect, brownish to reddish brown, simple proximally, branched distally (angularly ribbed), sparsely hairy or glabrous. Leaves basal (petiolate) and cauline (sessile), uniformly green or bicolor; blades broadly lanceolate, ovate, or linear, (2–)3–10(–12) × 1.8–8 cm (proximal reduced and entire, distal pinnately dissected, lobes to 20 mm wide), faces pubescent or glabrescent (abaxial) or glabrous (adaxial). Heads in compact, paniculiform or racemiform arrays (10–)20–30(–40) × (5–)7–15(–20) cm. Involucres ovoid to campanulate, 2–3(–4) mm. Phyllaries lanceolate, hairy or glabrescent. Florets: pistillate 7–10; bisexual (5–)8–20; corollas yellowish to reddish brown, 1.5–3 mm, glabrous (style branches arched-curved, truncate, ciliate). Cypselae ellipsoid, 0.5–1(–1.2) mm, glabrous, sometimes resinous. 2n = 18, 36, 40, 54.

  • Provided by: [F].Flora of North America @
    • Source: [
    • 2
    • ]. 

    "Rhizomatous perennial 0.5–2 m, simple or branched above, the stem glabrous or nearly so below the infl; lvs green and glabrous or nearly so above, densely white- tomentose beneath, chiefly obovate or ovate in outline, 5–10 × 3–7 cm, the principal ones cleft nearly to the midrib into ascending, acute, unequal segments that are again toothed or cleft, and ordinarily with 1 or 2 pairs of stipule-like lobes at base; infl generally ample and leafy; invol 3.5–4.5 mm; disk-cors 2.0–2.8 mm; achenes ellipsoid, not nerved or angled; 2n=16. Fields, roadsides, and waste places; native of Eurasia, now established throughout most of e. U.S. and adj. Can. July–Oct."

  • Provided by: [B].New York Botanical Garden
    • Source: [
    • 3
    • ]. 

    A perennial, large, basally suffruticose shrub with several, closely growing, erect, simple cinereous or tomentose to glabrous, striate to shallowly grooved, reddish-tinged, (30-) 50-18 (-200) cm tall stems from the upright, 1.5-2 cm thick rootstock. Leaves densely whitish arachnoid hairy beneath, green and sparsely hairy to glabrous above, basally articulate; basal leaves petiolate, lamina broadly ovate, 5-12 (-15) x 3-6 (-8) cm, unipinnatisect into elliptic-ovate, pinnatifid primary segments with acute lobes; middle and upper stem leaves sessile to subsessile, deeply pinnate; uppermost in floral region undivided, lanceolate, entire, acute. Capitula heterogamous, numerous, subsessile, oblong, 3-4 x c. 2 mm, erect to ± nodding, in 10-40 x 5-25 cm, broadly pyramidate panicle with 5-20 cm long, upwardly directed primary and secondary branches. Involucre 4-seriate, phyllaries greyish arachnoid pubescent outside; outermost ovate, 1.5 x c. 1 mm, narrowly scarious on margins, acute; inner elliptic-oblong, c. 2 x 1.75 mm, broadly pale scarious margined, obtuse. Receptacle glabrous, hemispherical. Florets 10-30, yellow with reddish tinge; marginal florets 5-10, female, fertile, with 1.75-2 mm long, bidentate, glandulose corolla tube; disc florets 5-20, bisexual, fertile, with 1.5-2 mm long, narrowly tubular-campanulate 5-toothed glandulose corolla. Cypselas light brown, c. 1 mm long, finely striate.

  • Provided by: [D].Flora of Pakistan
    • Source: [
    • 4
    • ]. 


    50–150 cm hoch, schwach aromatisch, ohne oder mit nur kurzen Ausläufern. Blätter 1–2fach fiederschnittig, Abschnitte breit- bis schmal-lanzettlich, spitz und gezähnt, am Grund mit stängelumfassenden Zipfeln, oberseits grün, unterseits weissfilzi

  • Provided by: [C].Flora Helvetica – Illustrierte Flora der Schweiz
    • Source: [
    • 5
    • ]. 


    7–9. Wegränder, Ufer, Kiesgruben, kollin-montan(-subalpin). CH.

  • Provided by: [C].Flora Helvetica – Illustrierte Flora der Schweiz
    • Source: [
    • 5
    • ]. 


    Other Local Names

    Assens cuminRaeto-RomanceCH
    Armoise communeFrenchCH
    Gemeiner BeifussGermanCH
    Assenzio selvatico, AmarellaItalianCH

     Information From

    CC0 1.0 Universal (CC0 1.0).
    • A CC0 1.0 Universal (CC0 1.0).
    New York Botanical Garden
    Descriptions of plants should be attributed to the full citation for each individual article, chapter or book that is the source for each record, which should include the authors of original publication.
    • B Content licensed under Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike 3.0 Unported License
    Flora Helvetica – Illustrierte Flora der Schweiz
    Flora Helvetica – Illustrierte Flora der Schweiz, Konrad Lauber, Gerhart Wagner, Andreas Gygax. Haupt Verlag 2018.
    • C All Rights Reserved
    Flora of Pakistan
    Flora of Pakistan. Missouri Botanical Garden. Accessed on Jun. 2020.
    • D Missouri Botanical Garden
    Flora Of CHina @
    'Flora of China @ eFloras (2008). Published on the Internet [accessed August 2016]' Missouri Botanical Garden, St. Louis, MO & Harvard University Herbaria, Cambridge, MA.
    • E Missouri Botanical Garden
    Flora of North America @
    'Flora of North America @ eFloras (2008). Published on the Internet [accessed August 2016]' Missouri Botanical Garden, St. Louis, MO & Harvard University Herbaria, Cambridge, MA.
    • F Flora of North America Association
    World Flora Online consortium
    World Flora Online Data. 2018.
    • G CC0 1.0 Universal (CC0 1.0).